(35) The effect of ethanolic extract of Basella alba l. Pumchaosuan T and Wongroung S. In vitro propagation of ceylon spinach (Basella rubra L.). Basella alba is the green variety and is commonly grown … Its leaves and stem are cooked and used to treat Constipation. Caution : Consult a Doctor before consuming it. 2Department of Science Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. INVITRO ANTI DIABETIC ACTIVITES OF MALABAR SPINACH SEEDS (BASELLA ALBA) AND ONION CHIVES (ALLIUM SCHOENOPRASUM) EXTRACTS Under the guidance of Dr.K.Adinarayana Professor Dept. It has been found to be a good source of calcium, iron, vitamin A and vitamin C. Basella spp. P Basella alba (Basellaceae) Chemical P artAlp s . Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies. Toshiyuki M., Kazuhiro H and Masayuki Y. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 23 - 27°c, but can tolerate 10 - … 1Department of Food Science,Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Previously reported data on the phytochemical composition of the mucilage of the aerial parts of Basella alba L. indicate the presence of polysaccharides and saponins as its major chemical component along with moisture, ash and uronic … Basella alba contains basellasaponins (Toshiyuki, 2001) et al., 2008). Daily consumption of Indian spinach (Basella alba) or sweet potatoes has a positive effect on total-body vitamin A stores in Bangladeshi men. contained phytochemicals and antioxidant properties in varied amount. Basella alba is a herb, naked succulent with a branched, creeping stem.The leaves are simple and all arranged alternatively on the stem, oval in shape with short petiole, heart … The leaf extract showed hypolipedemic It is known as “amunututu” in Western part of Nigeria. Basella spp., a commonly eaten vegetable in south-western Nigeria, may have the potential to supply antioxidants to the human diet. Stem of Basella alba is green and that of Basella rubra is reddish purple. It is listed as a potential environmental weed in Australia and as a weed of sugarcane fields on Iriomote Island, Japan. Chlorophyll a content was highest during the summer. Mature Basella alba L. fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a potential source of natural colorants. Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation. Its flowers possess the attributes of an Antidote. / Haskell MJ1, Jamil KM, Hassan F, Peerson JM, Hossain MI, Fuchs GJ, Brown KH. is rich in nutrition and functionally important phytoconstituents.. Basella spp. Phytochemistry. Anti-Depressant Activity: Despair Swim Test 17 For the determination of antidepressant activity, forced swim test (FST) protocol was employed. Basella alba is known under various common names, including Malabar Spinach vine spinach. The presence of principal decarboxylation products, 2-, 17-, and 2,17-decarboxy-gomphrenins, their diastereomers, as well as minor levels of their dehydrogenated derivatives are reported. Basella alba is a botanical name of Indian Spinach. Basella rubra L. Basella rubra L. is a synonym of Basella alba L. This name is a synonym of Basella alba L.. J. Aerial parts of Amaranthus tristis and Basella alba were chosen to investigate their phenolic, flavonoid, carbohydrate and protein contents tagged with essential in vitro antioxidant assays viz. 2004 Sep;80(3):705-14. Based on strong chemical and lab research, the Basella alba leaf extract is suggested for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Basella alba (B. alba) extract showed the highest enzyme inhibition, about 74% . It is effective for Diuresis. Although it has been reported in ancient systems of medicine, it did not gain much importance and has always remained controversial. Low PPM High PPM StdDev Reference ALANINE Leaf 750.0 10870.0 -0.4 * Activities (3) Antioxidant Larson, R.A. 1987. Review Article Number 30. Basella alba is a herbaceous, perennial vine cultivated as a leafy vegetable and ornamental in tropical and subtropical and occasionally extending into temperate regions as an annual. The PGR abscisic acid (ABA) and fungicide Propiconazole (PCZ) was used in this study by soil drenching on 30, 50 and 70 days after planting (DAP). Basella leaves (100g dry) contain 9.01g crude fibre, 7.8g protein, 3.7g ash, 79 mg Generation of decarboxylated and dehydrogenated gomphrenins during heating of Basella alba L. fruit juice containing high levels of betacyanin pigments was monitored by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. Carotene content was highest during the spring. Anti-microbial Studies Anti-bacterial Assay in Basella alba L.- Disc Diffusion Method The sensitivity pattern of … The forms of Basella spp. Pl. Structures of new oleanane-type triterpene oligoglycosides, Basella saponins A, B, C, and D, from the fresh aerial parts of Basella rubra L. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. constituents with the NIST library the 5 predominant constituents were characterized and identified. Phytochemical Screening and Antimicrobial Activity of Crude Extracts of Basella alba and Helianthus annuus on Selected Food Pathogens. is very rich in mineral content especially iron.. B. alba leaves contain 32 and 10 g/100 g DW of total and soluble dietary fibre.. Betalains and carotenoid extracts exhibited significant radical scavenging activity. Keywords: Basella alba , Ceylon Spinach fruits, Economical plant, Traditional edible colour, Thermal stability, Food colour. B. alba is known as Indian spinach and Remayung locally and belongs to the family of Basellaceae. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 360860) with original publication details: Sp. Chlorophyll and carotene contents of plants grown in greenhouse conditions at Iași, Romania, from April to July, and at Târgovișe from June to September were studied. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the major significant concerns in developing nations due to either over-use or inadequate use of antimicrobial agents. Chemical composition, nutraceuticals characterization, NMR confirmation of squalene and antioxidant activities of Basella rubra L. seed oil† Sandopu Sravan Kumar, ab Vallamkondu Manasa, ac Ajay W. Tumaney,ac Bettadaiah B. K.,ad Sachin Rama Chaudhari ad and Parvatam Giridhar *ab Basella rubra (Malabar spinach) is a commonly consumed green leafy vegetable in southern parts of India. Basella L. Leaves are most commonly consumed as boiled, fried or mix vegetable items however, its tender stem part is also being consumed (Singh et al. Definition The literal meaning of its Latin name (Basella alba) is Small White Pedestal Synonyms Synonyms in Ayurveda: potaki, malava, amritavallari, urdva-vallari, raktabeeja Rasa: Kashaya Tikta Guna: Laghu Ruksha Teeskhsna Food Ag-Ind. Basella alba: Botanical and Chemical Characteristics Morphology and Taxonomy. The Antioxidants of Higher Plants. 2018) [24]. patients in southern Thailand and showed potential as a therapeutic agent against Giardia intestinalis infections (Sawangjaroen N, et al., 2005 and Supinya Tewtrakul, et al., 2006). Chemicals found in Basella alba Activities Count Chemical Plant Part Low PPM High PPM StdDev Refernce Citation 3 ALANINE Leaf 750.0 10870.0 -0.40149513871516085 --14 ARGININE Leaf 700.0 10145.0 -0.6221992811845254 --112 ASCORBIC-ACID Leaf 1020.0 14785.0 0.9279395035259072 --0 ASH Leaf 14000.0 202900.0 1.4808279987422646 -- 2009;S31-S36. The ethno medicinal plant Basella alba belongs to the family Basellaceae, and commonly known as malabar spinach, indian spinach, ceylon spinach and vine spinach. Basella alba is a plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres. Analysis of the dried leaves revealed the following composition (per 100 g of dried leaves): Protein (20%), Fat (3.5%), Carbohydrate (54%), ... An ethnomedicine survey in southern India revealed that Basella alba is one of the plants used for the treatment of apthae. It is used against snake bites, insect bites, etc. Ibrahim TA1*, Ajongbolo KF2 and Aladekoyi G1. Pharmacognosy of Basella alba The effect of plant growth regulator (PGR) and fungicide treatment on the growth and biochemical changes in Basella alba L. (Indian Spinach, Family Bascellaceae) was done in the present study. The Ka of the purple dye from Basella alba was of the order of 10-5 while that of the red dye from H. sabdariffa was of the order of 10-6. Its decoction is given to pregnant women to reduce labour pains. / Am J Clin Nutr. Olagire and Azeez (2011) have reported that Basella alba yields about 42% and contains flavonoids, ascorbic acid, phenolic The chemical constituents of the red dye are gomphrenin 1, betanidin dihexose and isobetanidin dihexose molecules2-3. Basella alba (Plate 1) commonly called Ceylon or Malabar or Indian spinach is a tropical perennial vine widely used as leafy vegetable. Chemical Constituents and Antimicrobial Activity of Salix subserrata Hidayat Hussain 1*, Amira Badawy 1,2, Assem Elshazly 2, Afaf Elsayed 2, Karsten Krohn *1, Muhammad Riaz 3 and Barbara Schulz 4 1Department of Chemistry, Universität Paderborn, Warburger Straße 100, 33098 Paderborn, Radical scavenging activities (DPPH°, OO°, H2O2), reducing power, inhibition of lipid peroxidation (TBARS), to make them potentially accessible source of natural antioxidant. It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. The structure and nature of the compound are presented in Table – 3. 272 1753. These chemical constituents may play a strong role in the formation of the biopolymeric matrix, ideal for the encapsulation of hydrophobic compounds. (Uhegbu et al., 2011). Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Chlorophyll b content was highest during the last phenological phase. Acinetobacter baumannii is among the common nosocomial infections microorganisms in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). As. In South East of Nigeria the leafy vegetable Basella alba contains cyanide in the range of 5.04±0.20 mg HCN/ kg. The methanolic extract of was screened for Basella alba various chemical constituents (tannins, alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, steroidal compounds, saponins) us-ing established methods 16. Radix Paeoniae Rubra and Radix Paeoniae Alba are the different characteristic forms of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. 27: 969-978. B. alba is a wildly cultivated vegetable that has been used from ancient time due to its various pharmacological activities such as antifungal, antiulcer, anticonvulsant, antihypertensive, and many more activities [ 6 ]. Chemical Constituents. Basella Alba has Laxative attributes. Pharmacological Activity and Chemical Constituents of Eclipta Alba. 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