He saw the resurrection of Jesus as the basis for the believer ’s hope for resurrection (1 Cor 15:20–28) and courage in the face of deadly persecution (1 Cor 15:29b –34). indirect object]; Ps 76:15 [ poss. Occasion (9:2; 22:5; 26:12)–Paul was traveling to Damascus to extradite arrested believers to Jerusalem for trial. ], Houston Baptist University Nevertheless, Paul insists that he is a witness to the resurrection on a par with these other witnesses. Houston, TX 77074 Even if the use of en to mark an internal and subjective experience were a legitimate syntactical option, clear statements elsewhere in Pauline literature would preclude such a view. Daniel is saying that after the resurrection the righteous will be like angel-stars. When and where did Cephas and James see Jesus? He appeared to Peter (Luke 24:34). Beginning on Resurrection Sunday, He “showed himself … ), Lord’s command (9:6; 22:10)–The Lord commanded Paul, “Get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do.”. by simply saying , “And Paul reported to the crowd/Agrippa how Jesus appeared to him on the road to Damascus” or something to that effect. We don’t know the details of this appearance, only that when the … A computer search using Accordance identified 13 instances in the L X X in which verbal constructions within this semantic domain (apokaluptō, gnorizō, phaneroō, or phaneros with various copula) were modified by en phrases ( Judg 5:2; 1 Sam 6:2; 2 Sam 6:20; 22:16; 1 Kg s 8:53; 1 Chr 16:8; 1 Macc 15:9; Ps 76:15; Prov 3:6; 11:13; Ezek 16:36; 22:10; Isa 64:1). Following His Resurrection from the dead, Jesus made a number of appearances to his followers—no less than ten of these are recorded in Scripture. Two or more accounts agree on the following : The differences relate primarily to the experience of the bystanders and Paul’s call to the Gentile mission. ... Christ," and recalled that "the Gospels narrate different apparitions of the Risen One, but not the meeting between Jesus and his Mother." The earliest report of the post-Resurrection appearances of Jesus is in Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians. Let us find out in this question and answer post. [Editor’s Note: Resurrection image from Luca Giordano’s Resurrection, c. 1665, found at Wikipedia Commons. However, at no time is the apostle Simon Peter, under any name, mentioned in the New Testament as seeing Jesus prior to the alleged appearance to the eleven apostles together. The contradiction in the two accounts of what the bystanders heard is merely apparent. After that he appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now; but some have fallen asleep; then he appeared to James; then to all the apostles; and last of all, as it were to one untimely born, he appeared to me also" (1 Corinthians 15:3-8). Luke was present with Paul during the time that he wrote his Prison Epistles (Col 4:14) and the two had grown so close that Paul referred to him as “the loved physician.” Furthermore, Luke’s reports of Paul’s experience are confirmed by references in Paul’s letters (1 Cor 9:1; 15:8). After the initial report of the experience, Luke might have saved significant effort and space. Campus Directory, Office of Institutional Research & Effectiveness, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Dr. Stanley Napper Named HBU Provost and VP for Academic Affairs, College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Paul as a Witness to the Resurrection of Jesus. (See 1 Timothy 1:12-15; Acts 8:1-3; 9:1,2; 22:4,5; 26:9-11; 1 Corinthians 15:9; Galatians 1:13; Philippians 3:6.) Paul’s question in 1 Corinthians 9:1 assumes the church’s familiarity with his Damascus Road experience despite the absence of previous references to it in the extant letters to the Corinthian church and this implies that testimony to Jesus’s post- resurrection appearance to Paul was standard fare in his preaching . The Lord … Saul was an enemy of the gospel and a persecutor of the church. We have the written tradition found in all four canonical gospels independently bear witness to the resurrection. Although the data are not sufficient to determine why the bystanders heard but did not understand the voice that spoke to Paul, this explanation is at least plausible. An appointment in Galilee Between April 17 and May 17 But it also roots us in hope of life beyond death as we anticipate our own resurrection just as Jesus did. In order to posit that this account contradicts the earlier accounts, one would have to assume that Luke forgot the content of the previous accounts even though the same essential account had been recorded twice and even though the last account only preceded the episode of Paul’s appearance before Agrippa by four chapters ! After these two women reach the tomb, they see an angel who says that Jesus has risen and isn't there. No real tension exists in the two accounts of the bystander’s visual experience. Luke’s insistence on recording the incident in detail three times in Acts highlights the importan… Death and Resurrection February 9, 2020 Paul never met Jesus. HBUHuskies.com - Official website of HBU Athletics. These various accounts and references are remarkably consistent and early. However, this argument fails to account for the fact that the grammatical contexts of each of these phrases is quite different. Appearance (9:3; 22:6; 26:13)–A light from heaven flashed around Paul. The log ic of Paul’s argument is that Paul’s status is equivalent to that of the Twelve and the Lord’s brothers because the post-resurrection appearance of Jesus to Paul was equivalent to that which the other apostles witnessed. Jesus’ resurrection and ours (1 Thess 1.9–10; 1 Thess 4.13–5.11) The adjunctive “also” closely links Paul’s experience with the previously listed experiences and further suggests that Paul’s experience was very similar to theirs. Paul's references to Cephas (1 Corinthians 15:5) and James (1 Corinthians 15:7) seeing Jesus could not be verified to the Corinthians. Although the en was used in the constructions examined above to express means or instrument, no clear examples express personal agenc y. In March 2008, Professor Gary Habermas, Distinguished Research Professor and Chair of the Philosophy and Theology Department at Liberty University, Virginia, USA toured Britain to speak about his specialist subject, the historical evidence for the resurrection. How can one believe that this truly happened? It is part of his authority as an apostle. Paul might at most be granted an honorable mention. Who was first to see Jesus after his supposed resurrection. This lists, in chronological order, a first appearance to Peter, then to "the Twelve," then to five hundred at one time, then to James (presumably James the brother of Jesus), then to "all the Apostles," and last to Paul himself. Pious belief has long held that Jesus … The evangelists, in turn, say nothing about an appearance before James reported by Paul or the appearance to the crowd of five hundred people. Paul clearly emphasized the fact that he “had seen the Lord on the road and that he had talked to him” when he returned to Jerusalem and it was on this basis that first Barnabas and later the disciples in Jerusalem accepted Paul (Acts 9:26–28). indirect object]; Prov 3:6; Ezek 22:10; 1 Macc 15:9), identifies the means or cause (1 Sam 6:2; 2 Sam 22:16; Ezek 16:36), or serves as a marker for the indirect object ( Judg 5:2 [ Vaticanus]; 2 Sam 6:20; Prov 11:13; Isa 64:1). The major Greek lexica and grammars show that the Greek preposition en is capable of a bewildering variety of different meaning s. The preposition sometimes serves as a substitute for the normal dative of indirect object or dative of advantage. Aftermath (9:8–9; 22:11)–Paul a) is blinded by the intensity of the light, b) must be led by hand into Damascus, and c) fasts for three days. As far as Paul’s account correlating with the Gospels, even the accounts of Christ’s resurrection in the Gospels seem to be contradictory because of the huge amount of detail left out, as John wrote: Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are … Since 26:14 specifies that the voice spoke in the Hebrew (or Aramaic) language, one wonders if Paul’s companions were Hellenists who lacked fluency in the language that Jesus spoke. His was a spiritual, not a natural body (v. Answer: New Testament readers have a number of choices. Paul, who was originally named Saul, became a Christ follower in Acts chapter 9, when Jesus appeared to him, knocked him off his horse, blinded him, and then spoke to him, asking “Why do you persecute Me?” This supernatural experience convinced Paul of Jesus’s power and that He was alive. Even after they witnessed the resurrection the disciples of Jesus could not believe it. Dr Peter May accompanied the tour and reviews here the main lines of his argument. Paul starts out in 1 Corinthians 15 by reminding them that Jesus did die and was raised from the dead for the salvation of man. The whole world has heard that Jesus resurrected after his crucifixion. The appearance to Peter is independently attested by Luke and the appearance to the Twelve by Luke and John. These factors indicate that the appearance of Jesus to Paul was not a mere vision experienced only in his imagination. Reaction (9:4; 22:7; 26:14)–Paul (and his companions) fell to the ground, apparently in reverence. Schedule a visit to see student life at HBU. Next Paul states that there were witnesses of the resurrection of Jesus, not only by His disciples but by more … After all, he did not see the stone that had been rolled away. He has published several books on Jesus, Paul, and New Testament themes. Such “telescoping ” would have been legitimate since the two earlier accounts laid out the e vents in their original historical sequence so that readers were prepared to spot the telescoping and since Jesus’s statement “Get up and g o into the cit y, and you will be told what you must do” (9:6; 22:10) verified that the charge given through Ananias did indeed bear the Lord’s authority. Luke simply indicated that they saw the brilliant light but not the person ( Jesus) who spoke from the light. Acts 9:1-9 tells part of the story, but it is Paul (Saul renamed) who declares he saw Christ also. Which one is supposed to have seen the resurrected Jesus? The Gospels claim Jesus appeared first either to Mary Magdalene and the other Mary (Matthew 28:9) or to Mary Magdalene alone as in Mark and John (Mark 16:9, John 20:18) or to two men Cleopas (Luke 24:18) and Simon (Luke 24:34). If this is correct, Paul’s autobiographical statement would simply mean that “God was pleased to re veal his Son to me.” This usage of the preposition is frequent when the preposition has a personal object and is used with verbs from the semantic domain “re veal” or “make known.”. John 1:42, Matthew 16:18). Does this account in Matthew contradict those in Mark, Luke, and John? Place (9:2–3; 22:6; 26:13)–Event occurred on the road from Jerusalem to Damascus, near Damascus. Cephas is the Aramaic word for "stone" (cf. Paul, for unspecified reasons, may have claimed that this Simon referred to Simon Peter. The account in 9:3 indicates that the companions heard a voice, but the account in 22:9 clarifies that only Paul understood the words spoken by the voice. Does Cephas refer to Simon Peter, who at times was referred to as Cephas? .” NIV, “[God ] was pleased to re veal His Son in me . Based on other biblical uses, the en phrase most likely functions as the equivalent for the indirect object. Christ blinds Saul, but Ananias to … But did anyone actually see it? These are beings made of heavenly matter. The Acts accounts support viewing the experience as objective. The notes give the impression that the Greek preposition is the equivalent of the English preposition “in” and would seem to suggest that the translators adopted an alternative rendering for theological purposes rather than linguistic reasons. Peter did not hesitate to disown Jesus on the very night Jesus was arrested. This is multiply attested. J. There is no reason for anyone to believe in the resurrection event when those who recorded the alleged postresurrection appearances cannot agree to whom and when Jesus supposedly appeared. Paul's own list of appearances is irreconcilable with those of the four canonical Gospels. There are, however, an awful lot of pages left after His resurrection. I now send you to them to open their e yes so the y may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that by faith in Me the y may receive forgiveness of sins and a share among those who are sanctified (Acts 26:16b –18). There is not one of Paul's list of resurrection appearances that is identical with those listed by the several Gospel versions. Luke’s source for these accounts was likely Paul himself. In affirming that Jesus has been “raised” (15:4), Paul affirmed the resurrection of Jesus’s crucified body from the tomb. The bystanders saw the light from heaven (though they did not see Jesus) and fell to the g round along with Paul. Nowhere does Paul mention Mary Magdalene as the first person to allegedly see Jesus after his alleged resurrection. It is important to note that both of these statements are contained in one of the letters of Paul that is most widely regarded as authentic even by skeptical critical scholars and is quite early ( probably mid-50s). 1 Corinthians 15:1-11, Over 500 people at one time saw Jesus after His resurrection.. Over a period of 40 days up to the day Jesus went back Home He was seen by, and talked to a number of individuals. Jesus said He would come back the same way He went to Heaven. 21:25), therefore just because it is not recorded does not mean it did not happen. They also heard the voice (though for reasons not explicitly identified the y did not understand the words uttered by the voice). . Now it’s certainly possible that Paul simply identified the bright light as Jesus on the basis of the words he heard, but it is interesting that Paul listed himself in the context of hundreds of eyewitnesses who actually saw Jesus. 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