The position has risen in the organizational structure to the inner echelon of the C-suite, giving the CISO top-level visibility within the business. The introduction of these new roles, however, comes with potential confusion about who should report to whom, and questions about how to implement structural changes. The chief information security officer (CISO) enables business leaders to make the right decisions . Most CISOs have reported to the chief information officer (CIO) since the cybersecurity position was first created—and most CISOs call the CIO boss today, according to Kal Bittianda, head of executive recruiter Egon … There are clear benefits to having a designated CISO, but it’s not a one-size-fits-all position, especially when it comes to reporting structure. Company security officer's guide to completing personnel security screening forms; Contract security resources: Tools and reference sheets to help CSOs navigate the processes and comply with program requirements; More information. In addition, if an organization has suffered a high-profile data breach, cybersecurity should probably be directly under the CEO’s purview, and direct communication between the CISO and CEO will expedite the decision-making process so that cybersecurity issues get resolved more rapidly. The chief security officer (CSO) is the company executive responsible for the security of personnel, physical assets, and information in both physical and digital form. The role of the chief privacy officer is a relatively new one, so we are often asked what skills are the most important. For industries in which cybersecurity is a major priority (e.g. Listen to the podcast: Take Back Control of Your Cybersecurity Now, Scott Koegler practiced IT as a CIO for 15 years. By Steven Grossman on September 15, 2016 . While they probably have a broad understanding of their industry’s most pressing cybersecurity concerns, they may not be familiar with the specific facets of a security program. Postal Inspection Service), Pamela D. Curtis, Brendan Fitzpatrick, Nader Mehravari, David Tobar. Other security and risk-related executive positions like chief risk officer (CRO) and chief data officer (CDO) have also grown in popularity. Reporting to the CIO may come at the expense of the culture, procurement, and operations functions of cybersecurity, such as promoting company-wide security awareness, assessing cyber risk while onboarding new vendors, and making sure that operating procedures follow security best practices. Option #1: Reporting to the CIO. It should be the CISO’s job to lead the discussion and make independent decisions related to information security. From 2016 to 2017, the number of organizations with a CISO (chief information security officer) rose from 50% to 65%.Other security and risk-related executive positions like chief risk officer (CRO) and chief data officer (CDO) have also grown in popularity. CIOs have plenty of responsibilities on their plates, including rising demands for new applications. Some CISOs report to the Board, giving them the ability to communicate directly with the highest-level decision makers about cybersecurity needs. A CRO can come up with risk-based justifications for cybersecurity improvements, and make a case for the CISO’s proposed programs and initiatives. This position is most commonly given the title of chief information security officer (CISO). While CRO was originally a finance-focused position, the role is evolving, along with the ways risk is evaluated. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(277648, '106611e9-4fce-4923-afce-237d37f3ae2e', {}); © 2020 BitSight Technologies. Example: On May 1, 2018 at approximately 1258 hours, I, security officer John Doe, was dispatched to Lot 12 to investigate a reported noise complaint. Only a little more than a third even listed a CTO in their executive leadership pages. 4. Board-level presentations should focus on the big picture, demonstrating how cybersecurity initiatives — including those that go beyond IT —  can improve the organization’s financial, reputational, and operational health. You can effectively write a security report by noting key facts: who, what, where, when, how and why to add to a formal report before your shift ends. BitSight Technologies | KrebsOnSecurity reviewed the Web sites for the global top 100 companies by market value, and found just five percent of top 100 firms listed a chief information security officer (CISO) or chief security officer (CSO). Some organizations have made half steps towards CISO independence by adopting "dotted line" reporting structures where the CISO reports both to the head of IT as well as another executive … This authorised professional practice (APP) applies to police information whether it is locally owned or part of a national system, for which chief officers are joint data controllers. Reporting to the CEO does have potential downsides. | It’s also a necessary change for organizations attracting more experienced security executives. Security chief information security officer (CISO), where the CIO falls in the reporting structure, direct communication between the CISO and CEO, Board members aren’t cybersecurity experts, easy-to-understand cybersecurity metrics and KPIs. The 2016 Transforming Government Security Review mandated the removal of legacy structures to avoid compliance with outdated standards and processes. He also has more than 20 years experience as a technology journalist covering topics ranging from software ... read more. Privacy Policy A data controller is a person (either alone or jointly, with other persons) who determines the purpose for which and the manner in which any personal data is, or is to be, processed. For Suppliers, Contact Us The CISO’s ability to dictate a budget and make decisions independently may still depend on where the position falls on the organizational chart. Security has become a top concern for enterprises, so it’s no wonder that the chief information security officer (CISO) reporting structure has changed… In the latest edition of its “ Global State of Information Security Survey,” PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) found that 40 percent of CISOs, chief security officers (CSOs) or … The Government Security Roles and Responsibilities policy sets out the foundation upon which good security is built. The chief information security officer (CISO) is the executive responsible for an organization's information and data security. Cybersecurity and cyber risk are increasingly getting their own C-suite positions. Measure, prioritize and improve the performance of your organization’s security. Therefore, in the current climate, enterprise cybersecurity should have its own C-level position. The structure of these companies can take on a militaristic aspect in the chain of command or a complete invention of the founder based on previous work in the field. CEOs may have less hands-on knowledge of cybersecurity than other executives, and less time to spend listening to and thinking about cybersecurity concerns. Every organization is different, and your reporting structure should be tailored to fit your organization’s specific needs and concerns. As such, the CMO has a responsibility to understand and provide input into security issues. While interacting with multiple top-level executives is common, disputes can arise at that level when subordinates take direction outside the chain of command. © 2020 BitSight Technologies. Writer Bio . According to K logix, more than half of CISOs report to the chief information officer (CIO) while 15 percent report to the chief executive officer (CEO). From 2016 to 2017, the number of organizations with a CISO (chief information security officer) rose from 50% to 65%. Good security report writing involves doing your research, getting the facts, interviewing involved parties and creating a narrative. However, cybersecurity is getting more complex and requires constant awareness of new threats, frameworks, regulations, and best practices. There is no set, required company structure in the security industry. Should the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO/CSO) be the DPO. | finance, healthcare, retail, utilities) reporting directly to the CEO is perhaps the most effective reporting structure. Access to police systems, both local and national, is limited to police-vetted individuals. In general, however, the ideal CISO reporting structure will allow for efficient communication and swift progress, while ensuring that all aspects of cybersecurity are represented. The rest report to the chief operation officer (COO) or a risk management leader. A good way to communicate this big-picture impact is to keep the Board updated with easy-to-understand cybersecurity metrics and KPIs, such as security ratings, in order to demonstrate measurable progress. It’s easy to understand that the CMO and CIO may have different viewpoints on specific matters that fall under the domain of the CISO. It can be difficult to prove the effectiveness of cybersecurity initiatives, and unless the CISO can consistently demonstrate in a quantitative way how their proposals will benefit the company financially, this reporting structure can result in conflict and frustration. In some organizations, however, CRO remains primarily a financial position, and the CRO may not report directly to the CEO or Board. On the other hand, this structure can also challenge the CISO to question their resource allocation, and that can be a positive thing. In 2019, only 24% of CISOs report to a chief information officer (CIO), while 40% report directly to a chief executive officer (CEO), and 27% bypass the CEO and report to the board of directors. This should help leaders avoid conflicts of interest. Security has become a top concern for enterprises, so it’s no wonder that the chief information security officer (CISO) reporting structure has changed. 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