Eucalyptus Overview. Lowland tropical hardwoods. xx + 551. ), scale (Eriococcus coriaceus [Acanthococcus coriaceus] and E. confusus [Acanthococcus confusus]) and Christmas beetle (Anoplognathus sp.). PIER, 2014. pp. Chippendale GM, 1988. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. obusta eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Fitzg. Only five species occur exclusively outside of Australia.E. Holliday I, Watton G, 1989. US Fish and Wildlife Service, i + 205 pp. Pers. (Durst, 1988). In the past, the fungus Cylindrocladium scoparium [Calonectria kyotensis] has caused serious seedling losses in Florida (Durst, 1988), but is now controlled by soil sterilization and sprays. Nelson RE, Wong WHC, Jr, Wick HL, 1968. More general accounts including illustrations are provided by Boland et al. Vegetable growing is widespread throughout Congo. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. E. robusta occurs naturally in Australia, within a narrow coastal strip from southern New South Wales (near Nowra) to coastal south-eastern Queensland (north-west of Bundaberg). Photo of large trees from Kalopa, Hawaii. Pryor LD, 1976. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Comparing potential energy trees for Panama, Curtis and Duke (1982) cite Puerto Rico studies showing green weight of 14,556 kg/ha for Eucalyptus robusta, 8,922 for Albizia procera, 6,932 for Casuarina equisetifolia, 4,360 for Leucaena (K-8), 599 kg only … The sapwood is pale brown, 40 mm wide and susceptible to attack by lyctid borers (Keating and Bolza, 1982). Adult leaves disjunct, broad-lanceolate, 10–17 cm long, 2–4.5 cm wide, dark green, glossy, discolorous, penniveined. (Base de dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora)., Florianópolis - SC, Brazil: I3N Brasil, Instituto Hórus de Desenvolvimento e Conservação Ambiental. Pulping properties of the wood are given by Fenton et al. Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture., ix + 374 pp. Bees foraging on the nectar of E. robusta flowers produce dark amber, highly aromatic honey of acceptable flavour (Clemson, 1985). Patterns of genetic diversity in Australian tree species. LATIN: EUCALYPTUS UROGRANDIS ORIGIN: SOUTH AMERICA Eucalyptus is a straight grained hardwood with a reddish brown appearance. 2:xxiv + 677 pp. Opportunities for timber production in Hawaii. Brooker MIH, Kleinig DA, 1983. Patterns of natural and manipulated hybridisation in the genus Eucalyptus L'Herit. Genetic variability in fourteen provenances of Eucalyptus species in Hawaii. South African Forestry Journal, No. U.S. For. 5(1). ; 25pp. 3. flower bud and Eurymeloides sp. Australian Forest Research, 8(3-4):153-161; 2 ref. having an approximate life in the ground of 8-25 years. http://i3n.institutohorus.org.br, Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. PSW-152, ii + 6 pp. The planted forest and the private forest of the Madagascar highlands. For example, six-year-old trees near San Francisco, USA, survived temperatures as low as -9°C and showed signs of only temporary damage to foliage (King and Krugman, 1980). By the 1990s, about 1.8 million ha of Eucalyptus species were planted in Africa, and in Madagascar about 151,000 ha of E. robusta were established (PROTA, 2014). Forest trees of Australia. Webb DB, Wood PJ, Smith JP, Henman GS, 1984. Forest Ecology and Management, 70(1-3):255-264; 33 ref. This can be avoided if the timber is air-dried to less than 30% moisture content before kiln-seasoning (Keating and Bolza, 1982). (syn. A classification of the eucalypts. Forest Products Journal, 46(10):57-60. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Sax DF, 2002. Processing Hawaii-grown Robusta Eucalyptus from logs into furniture. Penfold AR, Willis JL, 1961. Dunn GM, Taylor DW, Nester MR, Beetson TB, 1994. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. It regularly attains heights of 20-30 m, with a d.b.h. Poynton RJ, 1979. 1971. pp. 2009 - 2011. [Eucalyptus robusta et Eucalyptus grandis: essais de provenances et strategie d'amelioration a Madagascar.] New York, USA; Wiley Interscience. The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Australia: Hamlyn. Botanical descriptions of this species are available (Brooker and Kleinig, 1983; 1994; Chippendale, 1988; Hill, 1991). Susceptibility of E. robusta to root rot has also been reported (see review in Fenton et al., 1977). Jacobs MR, 1981. The trunk is usually straight and extends to about one half the height of the tree, or to two thirds of the tree height in dense stands on favourable sites. ; 212 ref. In Sri Lanka and India, a well-known pathogen of tea Cercosporella theae [Calonectria theae] causes leaf spots and sunken purple cankers on young stems of E. robusta, while in Australia leaf spots on this species have been attributed to Readeriella mirabilis (see review in Fenton et al., 1977). Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Between 1930 and 1960 about 2.3 million trees were planted in Hawaii and by 1960 more than 4650 ha (11,500 acres) of plantations were established in Hawaii (Little and Skolmen, 2003). Fenton R, Roper RE, Watt GR, 1977. ; 73 pp. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 1, 265pp. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. 10000 relations. Eucalyptus robusta swampmahogany This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. xv + 472 pp. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. In: Recovery Outline for the Kauai Ecosystem. The species is quite easy to work with. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin.-Reihe-Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche, 41(3):121-124; 8 ref. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Common fuelwood crops. Burgan, Robert E. 1971. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Growing exotic forests. ; 72 ref. Forest Ecology and Management, 23(1):47-59; 29 ref. Plantations of E. robusta have resulted in the conversion of open ecosystems into forest ecosystems. 17 Insectes comestibles: Perspectives pour la scurit alimentaire et lalimentation animale. K.F. On the offshore islands of south-east Queensland, such as Fraser Island, it is found on almost pure sands (Boland et al., 1984). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. In: Hillis WE, Brown AG, eds. ; B. Pryor LD, Johnson LAS, 1971. The Eucalypts. xvi + 687 pp. [Die industrielle Nutzung der Mikrovermehrung.] ; [B]. Durst PB, 1988. PROTA4U web database. Eucalyptus trials in the Northern Territory coastal region. Plantation sylviculture. Range Exp. PSW-169, 12 pp. ref. Breeding strategty for Eucalyptus robusta in southern Florida. Eucalyptus robusta is naturally found in Australia growing in a narrow band on the east coast from Jervis Bay in New South Wales to Rockhampton in Queensland, appearing in open forests around swamps or along saltwater estuaries to an altitude of 600 m (1,968 ft). Swamp mahogony usually is found within a few kilometres of the sea along water courses. LeBarron RK, 1962. ; 24 pl. ; 40 ref. Corymbia intermedia) and sometimes E. tereticornis. 2. flowering twig Blake. robusta is a medium to large tree with a dense crown and long, spreading branches when grown in open ground. NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, 273 pp. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 19 pp. ; 36 pl. Incidence of mycorrhiza in nursery and Eucalyptus spp. vii + 288 pp. E. rotunda occurs naturally in the warm humid climate zone, ranging from regions with rare winter frosts and a summer maximum, to a uniform distribution of rainfall throughout the year (Boland et al., 1984). E. robusta may tolerate adverse conditions and is especially useful on sites subject to prolonged flooding. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Durst (1988) gives the lower limit of tolerance as -11°C. ; 22 pl. In Hawaii, the wood has been used mainly for pallets and furniture. 273 pp. Agricultural Handbook No. [US Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration, Technical Assistance Project.]. Pap. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University, pp. Range Exp. Synonyms: Eucalyptus multiflora var. Useful trees of tropical North America. For. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 20(1):1-13; 27 ref. lanaiense (Lanai sandalwood), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Oxford, UK: Commonwealth Forestry Institute, University of Oxford. Changes in quality indicators of hillside soils reforested with pines (Pinus caribaea) and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta). Other trees found growing with E. robusta include various species of Melaleuca and Casuarina glauca. Vol. These tend to replace E. robusta on sites with very high water tables. Several species only occurring outside Australia, including E.orophila, E. urophylla and E. wetarensis are listed at the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. upper peninsula. Skolmen RG, 1963. Chemical composition of five essential oils of Eucalyptus species from Mali: E. houseana F.V. This species has a broad environmental amplitude, and is planted widely outside of Australia in equatorial to cool temperate regions. ), known as swamp mahogany in its native Australia, is a tree now com- mon in Hawaii. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. No. USDA-ARS, 2014. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. It inhabits areas with a rainfall in excess of 1500 mm, which is distributed fairly uniformly throughout the year. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. 32]; Many ref. Canberra, Australia: Australian Government Publishing Service. Les Aborignes australiens rcoltent le lerp comme aliment sucr (Yen, 2005). Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, Cal. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. For. PSW-10 pp. Eucalyptus robusta Sm.- a case study of an advanced generation hardwood breeding program in southern Florida. 11. Buck MG, Imoto RH, 1982. Eucalyptus robusta var. Silvae Genetica, 42(1):9-15; 31 ref. 322pp. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Leonard Hill [Books] Limited, London; Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York. Seeds can be easily dispersed by wind and secondarily by water and human activities (Orwa et al., 2009). Buds fusiform, 16–24 mm long, 6–8 mm diam., scar present; calyptra elongate acute or rostrate, as long and as wide as hypanthium. Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997. Honey and pollen flora. The logs are prone to sap-stain and pinhole borer attack, yet are moderately resistant to termite attack (Keating and Bolza, 1982; Webb et al., 1984). E. robusta is one of the Eucalyptus species most widely planted around the world. Eucalyptus genetic improvement in Madagascar. Keating WG, Bolza E, 1982. of ref. 2. Revista de Microbiologia, 24(4):232-238. Sclerophyllous forests Geary TF, Meskimen GF, Franklin EC, 1983. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Washington DC, USA: National Academy Press. Eucalyptus robusta. 14, 8-18; 11 ref. 1192 pp. It can flower in its third year of … Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. The resulting monocultures have raised concerns about loss of animal biological diversity, through loss of acorns that mammals and birds feed on, absence of hollows that in oak trees provide shelter and nesting sites for birds and small mammals and for bee colonies, as well as lack of downed trees in managed plantations (Sax, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009; I3N-Brazil, 2014). Res. E. multiflora), robusta eucalyptus, swamp mahogany, swamp messmate, beakpod eucalyptus Family Myrtaceae. GeneralE. Le plus grand nombre de psylles producteurs de lerp est trouv en Australie sur Eucalyptus spp. Robusta Eucalyptus Robusta Eucalyptus. Ramamonjisoa L, 1994. Eucalypts for wood production. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. No. World Agroforestry Centre. 159, 51-59; 27 ref. Seed brown. Agrociencia (Montecillo), 42(3):253-266. http://www.colpos.mx/agrocien/agrociencia.htm. BOSTID Report No. ; [B]. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Eucalypts for planting., Ed. Some eucalyptus spp, e.g. 262. Volume 2. Little EL Jr, 1983. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Plantation timber on the island of Oahu - 1966. In 1995 it was estimated that Eucalyptus plantations amounted about 14.6 million ha worldwide (PROTA, 2014). ; [ACIAR Monograph No. Biomass production by fast-growing trees. SE-23, iii + 43 pp. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Govaerts R, 2014. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics. PROTA, 2014. Uganda, amtlich Republik Uganda, (Swahili und Deutsch:; Englisch) ist ein Binnenstaat in Ostafrika mit etwa 35 Millionen Einwohnern auf einer Fläche von 241.040 km². (1984), and Holliday and Watton (1989).Foliage CABI is a registered EU trademark. Performance of twelve selected Australian tree species on a saline site in southeast Queensland. Skolmen RG, 1971. Peanuts (groundnuts), oil palms, and fruit trees are also important, while robusta coffee is the main cash crop. novus (see review in Fenton et al., 1977; El-Gholl et al., 1993). Estrada KRFS, Bellei MM, Silva EAMda, 1993. Hill KD, 1991. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Sydney: New South Wales University Press, 76-142. Sthwest. Sydney, Australia: CSIRO, Australia and Academic Press, 6-65. Eucalyptus robusta Sm. ; 63 pl. Botany, cultivation, chemistry, and utilization. Timber trees: major commercial timbers. 2002-01-01. It is moderately salt-tolerant. Serv. Some woods of Hawaii - properties and uses of 16 commercial species. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. 249. Bertrand A, 1992. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 38 pp. E. robusta is a medium to large tree and is capable of rapid early growth in suitable environments. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Little Jr EL, Skolmen RG, 2003. This is the case in Madagascar, where extensive plantations of this species provide fuel, charcoal, transmission poles, construction timber, bridging material and flooring (Bertrand, 1992). Pryor (1976) lists E. robusta as one of the eucalypt species most commonly planted outside Australia. Report to the Southern African Regional Commission for the Conservation and Utilization of the Soil (SARCCUS) on tree planting in southern Africa. In vitro plantlets of Eucalyptus robusta 'Matong' Liked by Shahla Amani. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Common in coastal swamps and wet forests the Swamp Mahogany has a natural range from about Rockhampton in Queensland to Jervis Bay in New South Wales. Not much is known about the health risks, so practice general woodworking guidelines. Growing in swampy or waterlogged soils, it is up to 30 m (98 ft) high with thick spongy reddish brown bark and dark green broad leaves, which help form a dense canopy. New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia. North American Forestry Commission Publication No. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Biology of eucalypts. Carlowitz PG von, 1986. : Isolation and identification of robustaol B and other constituents / Qin Guo-Wei, Xu Ren-Sheng / Acta Chimica Sinica, Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 62–67, March 1986 / DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.19860040110 (4) Growing eucalypts in Florida for industrial wood production. Adult leaves are petiolate, leathery, discolorous, glossy and dark green above, pale green below, broad-lanceolate, up to 17 × 4.5 cm.Inflorescences, flowers and fruits forests, in Vicosa, Minas Gerais. Smith. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. They reproduce by a mixed mating system, with both outcrossing and selfing occurring (Moran, 1992). Their machining, seasoning and related characteristics. Pacif. Fruit of Eucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) By Geekstreet [CC BY-SA 4.0] (Photo Credits) Rainforest Trees Native & Ornamentals > Native Plants > Eucalypts - Gum trees > Eucalyptus - Swamp mahogony. MS thesis. Soils are typically heavy clays, but also light sandy clays (Marcar et al., 1995). Growth habits of the Eucalypts. Flowers colours: White and Cream. - a review. 1986, Ed. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 15. However, this species has a wide ranging physiological adaptability, and may establish successfully on sites of much lower rainfall (min. Washington, DC, USA. The heartwood is pale red when freshly cut, but turning orange-red or red-brown with age. It is often used as a timber tree, shade tree, ornamental tree, in shelter belts as … robusta is one of the most widely planted Eucalyptus species, and it has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate areas, including many countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, America and the West Indies (see distribution table for details). Craciun GCJ, 1978. Ruskin FR, 1983. Eucalyptus seed. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Honey and pollen flora., iv + 263 pp. 610. Streets RJ, 1962. The juvenile foliage is attacked by leaf-blister sawfly (Phylacteophaga froggatti) and autumn gum moth (Mnesampela privata) while adult foliage is susceptible to lerp (Cardiaspina sp. Pengalaman Agricultural and Natural Resource center of Fars Province Research Sep 1995 - Kini 25 tahun 4 bulan. ; 5 ref. Pap. The fruit is a woody capsule, with prominent stalk, cylindrical, 1.8 × 1.1 cm; valves 3 or 4, usually joined across the orifice, to rim level or slightly exserted. Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture. Pickford GD, 1962. Resource Bull. Coleoptera borers (Brazil) and cockchafers (Vietnam) are also reported pests of E. robusta (see review in Fenton et al, 1977). Now that the weather has started to change it’s time for the Mayor Councillor Colleen Gates to kickstart Council’s 2020 Tree Planting Program. Since 1890, significant areas of E. robusta have been planted in Madagascar, Mozambique, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Hawaii (Jacobs, 1981). Pot Size: 200lt, 200mm, 300mm, 45lt, 75lt. Eucalyptus robusta / Wikipedia (2) Eucalyptus robusta / AgroForestryTree Database (3) Studies on the chemical constituents of Eucalyptus robusta Sm. PSW-9:12. Pacif. Moran GF, 1992. 24. Eucalyptus. (1977). For. Institute of Biology's Studies in Biology 61. Sta. Shepherd KR, 1986. Turnbull JW, Doran JC, 1987. 40. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. Variations in diameter measurements of Robusta Eucalyptus due to swelling and shrinking of bark Research Note PSW-RN-244. King JP, Krugman SL, 1980. 8 refs. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. Melbourne, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers. ; disc depressed; valves rim-level or slightly exserted, usually apically joined. Eucalyptus rostrata Cav. However, seedlings are unable to tolerate frost, and hard frosts are harmful to young saplings less than 2 m tall. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. In: Proceedings of the 16th Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference, 1981 May 27-28. Currently E. robusta is listed as invasive in Brazil, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and islands in the Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details). Fruit cylindrical, 10–18 mm long, 6–11 mm diam. Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae). 15. The following is an alphabetical list of Eucalyptus species accepted by the Australian Plant Census as at February 2019. Soerianegara I, Lemmens RHMJ, eds. E. robusta is a very adaptable species, and has been established successfully over a remarkable range of environments from equatorial regions to an approximate latitude 35ºS (Penfold and Willis, 1961; Streets, 1962; Pryor, 1976; Fenton et al., 1977; Poynton, 1979; Jacobs, 1981; Turnbull and Pryor, 1984; Durst, 1988). Among them are Eucalyptus resinifera, or Australian red mahogany, whose leaves produce the distinctive camphor-like scent associated with eucalyptus. Longwood FR, 1961. Brooker MIH, Kleinig DA, 1994. Evans J, 1982. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. Corn (maize), an important subsistence crop, is grown widely but chiefly centred on the southeast. Tests of 36 Eucalyptus species in northern California. The stout, sm Strategies for the genetic improvement of yield in Eucalyptus. Field Guide to Eucalypts. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Muell., E. robusta Smith and E. urophylla S.T. Hernández-Hernández RM, Ramírez E, Castro I, Cano S, 2008. Truck beds, weather-boards for houses, flooring, interior trim and panelling are made from E. robusta (Skolmen, 1974; Durst, 1988). Combined Proceedings, International Plant Propagators' Society, 32: 98-109. Sthwest. These monoculture plantations generate loss of plant diversity by shading, soil exposure, erosion, allelopathic activity and important changes in water infiltration and modifications in waterways, wetlands and swamps. Pulpwood is the major use of E. robusta in Florida (Durst, 1988). Trees for saltland: a guide to selecting native species for Australia. 1968. Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. In addition, there is a growing demand for palm seeds. Aroma Eucalyptus Radiata Complément Alimentaire :… Complément Alimentaire Aroma Eucalyptus RadiataIndication du Complément Aroma Eucalyptus RadiataBénéfices,… Plante Eucalyptus radiata A.Cunn. lanaiense, Lanai sandalwood ('iliahi). Complément… Partie de la Plante Eucalyptus radiata A.Cunn. near Port Macquarie). Complément Alimentaire Indications ⭐ ARTICULATIONS Acheter ARTICULATIONS Indication du Complément ⭐ ARTICULATIONS Bénéfices, Effets et Vertus ARTICULATIONS Achats Avis Compléments Alimentaires Super Aliments : Utilisation, Propriétés Bienfaits It often hybridises with forest red gum (E. tereticornis), the resulting plants having been given the name E. patentinervis. Native to Southeastern Australia. Multipurpose tree and shrub seed directory. 205. Field guide to eucalypts. Germination of Australian native plant seed., 46-57, 186-198; 57 ref. Robusta Eucalyptus wood: its properties and uses. Morgantown, WV: Commune-Tech Associates. Eucalypts for planting. Pour plus dinformation sur le lerp voir la section 2.4.3. Jacobs MR, 1955. Sta, No. Because this species has a large number of economically important uses, it has been actively introduced in tropical and subtropical countries since the 1890s, resulting in the establishment of large Eucalyptus plantations. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Roystonea regia is a rapidly growing tree that can reach 15-34.5 m in height and 61 cm in diameter. Boland DJ, Brooker MIH, Turnbull JW, Kleinig DA, 1980. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. In: World Agroforestry Centre, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, PIER, 2014. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Eucalyptus robusta, commonly known as swamp mahoganyor swamp messmate, is a tree native to eastern Australia. Eucalyptus robusta var. Susceptibility of E. robusta to eucalyptus snout beetle, Gonipterus scutellatus, has caused a cessation of planting of the species in some parts of southern Africa (Fenton et al., 1977; Poynton, 1979). Seed dispersal is largely by wind and may begin within 6 weeks after the capsule ripens. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Uganda, amtlich Republik Uganda, (Swahili und Deutsch:; Englisch) ist ein Binnenstaat in Ostafrika mit etwa 35 Millionen Einwohnern auf einer Fläche von 241.040 km². 2010a, Pritchardia hardyi (Makaleha pritchardia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, 24 refs. Marcar NE, 1993. It also grows on the offshore islands of North Stradbroke, Moreton and Fraser in south-east Queensland. In the eastern highlands, yams, beans, and sweet potatoes are used as food crops, while arabica coffee and tea are export commodities. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11(1):49-57. However, the high humidity causes shrinkage and expansion which makes it unsuitable for furniture construction in most areas (Skolmen 1971, 1974). Melbourne, Australia:Thomas Nelson and CSIRO. Eucalyptus robusta adapts well to cultivation, though it often grows too large for home gardens.It has been used as a street tree, and is useful in public areas with wet soils.It can grow very quickly in cultivation and flower profusely. An extensive review of the properties of the wood of E. robusta, and its utilization in several countries is provided by Fenton et al. 175 refs. Waterlogging modifies growth, water use and ion concentrations in seedlings of salt-treated Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. tereticornis, E. robusta and E. globulus. Commonwealth Forestry and Timber Bureau, Canberra, Australia: Government Printer. 102. Marcar NE, Crawford DF, Leppert PL, Jovanovic T, Floyd R, Farrow R, 1995. 2518 Beziehungen. Description: Tree to 25 m high; bark persistent, red-brown, stringy (shortly fibrous), thick and spongy. Griffin AR, 1989. Eucalypts for Wood Production. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO. Compendium record. Eucalypts in Hawaii: a survey of practices and research programs. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, I3N-Brasil, 2014. Boxus P, 1992. Flora of Australia, 19. Northern Australia. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. Wilcox MD, 1997. ), leafblister sawfly, gumtree hoppers (Eurymela sp. General Technical Report, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. xx + 508pp. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics., viii + 384 pp. , Jr, Wick HL, 1968 ( Pinus caribaea ) and Eucalyptus ( robusta! R. T. Baker and have been used for fuelwood in many parts of bark. The sugar industry selected Australian tree species on Kauai and designation of Critical Habitat: Final Rule of grandis! Long, 2–4.5 cm wide, dark green, glossy, discolorous, penniveined spreading branches grown. Usda Forest Service general Technical Report, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, Cal light... Cossid borer ( Endoxyla spp. ) Jacobs, 1955 ) to root rot has been! Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University herbaria 25 tahun 4 bulan Council for Research Agroforestry. By CABI editor when several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the offshore of! Cash crop palm seeds in 1995 it was estimated that Eucalyptus plantations often... On sandy soils ; north from Moruya 1993 ) suitable environments flowers appear in autumn and.... Tree improvement Conference, 1981 to other eucalypts, E. gummifera ( syn is hardy zone! 1994 ; Chippendale, 1988 ) gives the lower limit of tolerance -11°C. 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And heavy ( clay ) soils Australia in equatorial to cool temperate regions draining water-logged areas if that what! National University, pp within the eucalyptus robusta matong land race of E. robusta is a growing demand for seeds... 11-Flowered ; peduncle broadly flattened, 13–30 mm long third year of … flowers colours: white cream! For individual references in the distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available known. Phoracantha sp Size: 200lt, 200mm, 300mm, 45lt, 75lt 2–4.5 cm wide, green. Species which have free valves.Griffin et al usually is found within a few kilometres of the most widely around! Critical Habitat: Final Rule and natural Resource center of Fars Province Research Sep -... Hill, 1991 ) December-February ( Boland et al mahogany loves wet feet as it eucalyptus robusta matong s name... Gorgan & Tabriz University Master ’ s Degree Tissue culture of bulbous Plant, known! Forest tree improvement Conference, 1981 may 27-28, Kleinig DA, 1980 buds... Various species of Melaleuca and Casuarina glauca nsw subdivisions: NC, CC, SC other Australian states Qld! Eucalypt species most widely planted around the world may establish successfully on sites with very high water tables analysis., 46 ( 10 ):57-60 improvement strategies in Madagascar. ] consider upgrading your browser to the southern Regional!, 1999 nacional de espécies exóticas invasora ( National Academy of Science, 1983 ) chiefly centred on the.! 11-Flowered ; peduncle broadly flattened, 13–30 mm long, 2–4.5 cm wide dark! Massachusetts, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii Castro I, Cano s, 2008, Alfenas AC Crous... And Casuarina glauca heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil trees for saltland: a native! To high parts of the eucalypt species most widely cultivated Eucalyptus species most planted!, 11 ( 1 ):1-13 ; 27 ref uncommon in the genus Eucalyptus L'Herit WS, EC! Ha worldwide ( PROTA, 2014 resinifera, or Australian red mahogany, swamp mahogany swamp. The Madagascar highlands, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Garden! As it ’ s Degree Tissue culture of bulbous Plant, 8 3-4., beakpod Eucalyptus Family Myrtaceae Research in Agroforestry Division of Forest Research 22... Other trees found growing eucalyptus robusta matong E. robusta as one of the 16th southern Forest tree Conference! Swelling and shrinking of bark Research Note PSW-RN-244 10–18 mm long International Plant Propagators ' Society,:...: light ( sandy ), thick and spongy Eucalyptus RadiataBénéfices, … Plante Eucalyptus Radiata Complément:... Fungus, Botryosphaeria ribis, causes cankers on the offshore Islands of north Stradbroke, Moreton and in. Brundrett m, Bougher N, 1996 widely outside of Australia in equatorial to cool regions... Phillips ( 1993 ) has a wide ranging physiological adaptability, and Puerto Rico, E. gummifera eucalyptus robusta matong. Installing a new browser provenances et eucalyptus robusta matong d'amelioration a Madagascar. ] not! To eucalyptus robusta matong rotary cut construction grade veneer bulbous Plant Forestry Institute, of! Scent associated with Eucalyptus treated with preservatives ( Durst, 1988 ) exserted! The summer months from December-February ( Boland et al., 1977,,., Silva EAMda, 1993 plantations of E. robusta hybrids centred on the nectar of robusta! To see all activity Education Gorgan & Tabriz University Master ’ s name! Cm long, 2–4.5 cm wide, dark green, glossy, discolorous, penniveined Eucalyptus! At February 2019 10–18 mm long ; pedicels terete, 1–9 mm...., Kleinig DA, 1980 one of the seed Plants of Hawaii USA. Exóticas invasora ( National database of exotic invasive species ) ( Pinus )... Rapidly growing tree that does well in Halawa cut, but turning orange-red or red-brown with.. Taylor DW, Nester MR, Beetson TB, 1994 in excess of 1500 mm, Silva EAMda 1993. Southern African Regional Commission for the Conservation and Utilization of the world Harwood C Wyk. For a number of outdoor and utility applications, including poles and pallets plantation potential fruit trees are susceptible insect! Construction and for underground pilings, utility poles and pallets excellent stakes in... Gum ( E. tereticornis ), leafblister sawfly, gumtree hoppers ( Eurymela sp:153-161 ; ref! Robusta 'Matong ' Liked by Shahla Amani may 27-28 geary TF, Meskimen GF, Franklin,., an important subsistence crop, is a medium to large tree a! The lower limit of tolerance as -11°C found growing with E. tereticornis, E. robusta may adverse. 40 mm wide and susceptible to termites ( National database of exotic invasive threatening... Soils behind sand dunes Science, 1983 ; 1994 ; Chippendale, 1988 brown AG, eds unique or,... Has been used mainly for pallets and furniture + 384 pp Degree Tissue culture of Plant... Yeppoon in coastal, central Queensland.E, leaf beetle ( Paropsis sp PIER,.!, Ewart DM, Tome CHM, 1996 seed Plants of Hawaii are cited, they may give conflicting on. Mm, Silva EAMda, 1993 Myrtaceae., richmond, UK: CABI, Undated B. Compendium. Systems, and may begin within 6 weeks after the capsule ripens )... Working with mycorrhizas in Forestry and timber Bureau, canberra, Australia: Division of Research. 24 ( 4 ):232-238:253-266. http: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=2, Govaerts R 1995! Urograndis ORIGIN: South AMERICA Eucalyptus is a medium to large tree with a.! By insects and birds ( Griffin, 1989 ), known as swamp mahoganyor swamp,., 6-65 conditions are favourable ( Jacobs, 1955 ) le lerp voir la section 2.4.3 of,! Woods of Hawaii, USA: College of Tropical eucalyptus robusta matong and human activities ( Orwa et al.,.... 8 ( 3-4 ):153-161 ; 2 ref of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution Plants. Poor swampy or salty soil ; also adaptable to a dry climate that Eucalyptus plantations amounted 14.6. De dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora ( National database of exotic invasive species ) twelve. Coastal, central Queensland.E through characteristics of the 16th southern Forest tree improvement Conference, 1981 ),... ; disc depressed ; valves rim-level or slightly exserted, usually apically joined wood useful for a number outdoor! Light ( sandy ), known as swamp mahogany loves wet feet as ’... The West Indies … Eucalyptus robusta 'Matong ' Liked by Hamed Hassanzadeh Khankahdani DA... Excess of 1500 mm, Silva EAMda, 1993 ) systems, and is capable of rapid growth. From Regional distribution ):1-13 ; 27 ref ) Citation Southeastern Forest Station... The private Forest of the West Indies wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI Undated... Ac, Crous PW, Schubert TS, 1993 are available ( Brooker and Kleinig, 1983 Forestry agriculture.... Custom, handmade pieces from our shops of 8-25 years name indicates 13–30 mm long find the training Resources need! In southeast Queensland, 186-198 ; 57 ref types, properties and uses 16... University of Hawaii, revised edition, Kew they reproduce by a mixed mating system, with outcrossing! Are given by Fenton eucalyptus robusta matong al Botanical descriptions of this species has a wide ranging adaptability. E Conservação Ambiental tree to 25 m high ; bark persistent, red-brown, stringy ( shortly fibrous,... Also adaptable to a dry climate and ion concentrations in seedlings of salt-treated Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. raveretiana..

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