2018). Yet despite progress toward eliminating extreme poverty, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world, due both to rapid population growth and a low starting base. strong variation across the country in Ethiopia [6,7]. (2014b) andAgbazo et al. Ethiopia. Addis Ababa has dry periods in January, November and December. Lowlands receive minimal rainfall, and people generally sup- Archive. The decadal mean of the lake outflow and the lake water level decreased between the … Temperature in Ethiopia averaged 23.02 celsius from 1850 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 26.20 celsius in April of 2011 and a record low of 20.08 celsius in December of 1907. Ethiopia is a large complex country, with complex patterns of rainfall and livelihoods (Livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010). Analysis of spatial variability and temporal trends of rainfall in Amhara region, Ethiopia.pdf. ADDIS ABABA, Sep 24 2018 (IPS) - Faced with worsening droughts due to climate change, Ethiopia is joining an international initiative seeking to build global resilience against the problems caused by it, and enable developing countries to become part of a united solution to the ongoing problem. Accurate measurement of rainfall is vital to analyze the spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation at various scales. Abstract. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa and has a population over 109.2 million people in 2018. Compelling evidence revealed that climate change is occurring globally and concerns have arisen about its impact. Available via license: CC BY 4.0. (2014) have also inferred IDF curves from disaggregated daily rainfalls for three African cities (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania; and Douala, Cameroon). Average Monthly Rainfall 1901 - 2009 (mm) The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Rainfall and temperature analysis methods can be broadly grouped into variability and trend analysis categories (Asfaw et al., 2018).Coefficient of variation (CV) and percentage of deviation from the mean (anomaly detection) are among the widely applied methods of variability analysis (Asfaw et al, 2018, Kassie et al, 2013, Hadgu et al, 2013, Agnew and Chappell, 1999). Shaded areas indicate FEWSNet Food Security Classification ( FEWSNet, 2019 ). surface temperature and rainfall over Ethiopia may be af-fected by global ocean-atmosphere coupling [11]. Ethiopia is Africa's oldest independent country and its second largest in terms of population. The precautionary measures include: The obligation for all citizens to wear masks in public and the adoption of social distancing measures. They began when excessive rains began falling in March 2018 following a year of severe drought, leading to massive flooding, landslides, and the failure and overflow of several dams. Climate data and weather averages in Bahir Dar. Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). the behavior of extreme rainfall at larger durations for a trop-ical climate.De Paola et al. North-Eastern Ethiopia is one of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to temperature and rainfall changes. 2018, Article ID 5869010, 10 pages, 2018. However, the conventional rain gauge observations in many parts of the world such as Ethiopia are sparse and unevenly distributed. The variability of rainfall in both annual and seasonal scales were evaluated using coefficient of variation (CV), standardized rainfall anomaly, Heavy rainfall above 200 mm is expected in north-eastern Somalia and a few places central Ethiopia, according to the statement of IGAD. Reliability and quality Assessment of historical rainfall records are required in the hydrological modelling, water resource processes and for climatic studies. More recently,Panthou et al.   Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. In Ethiopia, higher elevations receive more rainfall than low arid areas and support agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities (fig. It has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $84.8 billion (2018), growing at an average annual rate of 7.6%. J Earth Sci Clim According to Von Braun, for instance, a decreasing of 10% in seasonal rainfall from the long-term causes a 4.4% reduction of food production in Ethiopia [10]. Heavy rainfall between 100-200 mm, among the top 5 percent on record, is expected in northern Kenya, south-eastern Ethiopia, and southern and northern Somalia, the forecast stated, adding that a small area in south-western Somalia is expected to receive more than 200 mm, among the top 1 percent on record. In Ethiopia, the overall cumulative June to early August rainfall performance has generally been average to above average, but there has been below-average rainfall between July 10 to August 10. In June 2018, ABIY announced Ethiopia would accept the border ruling of 2000, prompting rapprochement between Ethiopia and Eritrea that was marked with a peace agreement in July 2018 and a reopening of the border in September 2018. In a year, the rainfall is 892 mm | 35.1 inch. Recent heavy rainfall has led to flooding, resulting in destruction of crops, loss of livestock and displacement. Download : Download high-res image (233KB) Zone, Ethiopia 33 International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry V5 I12 2018 rainfall. An alternative to traditional rain gauge observations could be satellite-based rainfall estimates. Robe, Ethiopia, Tel: +4940741052471; E-mail: wogmet@gmail.com; dnwog2000@yahoo.com Received February 16, 2018; Accepted February 21, 2018; Published March 03, 2018 Citation: Legese W, Koricha D, Ture K (2018) Characteristics of Seasonal Rainfall and its Distribution Over Bale Highland, Southeastern Ethiopia. 'Kiremt', the main rainy season is from June to September with the peak in July and August. MAUSAM, 69, 4 (October 2018), 571-576 551.577 : 551.553.21 (630.21) (571) Modeling of rainfall in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) using a SARIMA model MOHAMMED OMER College of Natural Sciences, Department of Statistics, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia The rainfall variability and trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data from 1985 to 2018. Tesfay Mekonnen Weldegerima, Tadesse Terefe Zeleke, Belay Simane Birhanu, Benjamin Frederick Zaitchik, Zewdu Alamineh Fetene, Analysis of Rainfall Trends and Its Relationship with SST Signals in the Lake Tana Basin, Ethiopia, Advances in Meteorology, 10.1155/2018/5869010, 2018, (1-10), (2018). In Ethiopia, rainfall and temperature is the most important factor that determines crop growth, ... Daba MH (2018) Assessing local community perceptions on climate change and variability and its effects on crop production in selected districts of Western Oromia, Ethiopia. Temperature in Ethiopia decreased to 21.97 celsius in December from 22.68 celsius in November of 2015. Ethiopia has a long history of coping with extreme weather events, including intense rainfall, flooding, and severe drought events. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. Annual Weather Averages in Bahir Dar. Regardless of the inconsistency in the rainfall extremes in Ethiopia, recent evidence shows that the frequency of the occurrences of extreme events and their variability has increased over the last 20 years [3, 36, 39, 40]. Food Security Outlook. The capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at an elevation of 7,726 feet, and as such its climate remains relatively cool throughout the year. Abstract. East African countries; Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania showed an increasing tendency in extreme temperature indices, and irregular rainfall patterns (Gebrechorkos et al. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Rainfall and temperature are one of the most determinant climate patterns for the study area because more than 80% of the area’s agriculture is reliant on rain-fed. J Climatol Weather Forecasting 6: 216 Significant rainfall deficits, ranging between -25 to -100 mm, have occurred over the past 30 days, particularly over large areas of Amhara and Oromia. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwb. Rainfall in Ethiopia often erratic, and associated with droughts and have been major causes of food shortages and famines [8,9]. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini's Italy, it has never been colonised. Accurate measurement of rainfall is vital to an-alyze the spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation at various scales. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: The months of March, April, May, June and September have a high chance of precipitation. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, COVID-19, flooding and the locusts outbreak are creating a humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia with many people unable to meet their daily food needs. The short rainy season with erratic nature i.e. The average annual temperature in Debre Zeit is 18.7 °C | 65.7 °F. Presence Country. However, the conventional rain gauge ob-servations in many parts of the world such as Ethiopia are sparse and unevenly distributed. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Debre Zeit than in summer. This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Temperature. The rainfall variability and trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data from 1985 to 2018. 1). These outcomes are likely to persist beyond the projection period due to the forecast for consecutive below-average rainfall seasons in southern and southeastern pastoral areas. Our results show that mean annual streamflow and the lake water level are varying significantly from decade to decade, whereas the mean annual rainfall variation is not significant. However, the analysis of rainfall trends is important in studying the impacts of climate change and variability on water resource planning and management [12]; it has been recognized that Changes in rainfall associated with world-wide weather patterns resulted in the worst drought in 30 years in 2015-16, creating food insecurity for millions of Ethiopians. ... January 2018. The best time of year to visit Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. The variability of rainfall in both annual and seasonal scales were evaluated using coefficient of variation (CV), standardized rainfall anomaly, precipitation concentration index (PCI), and standardized precipitation index. The 2018 East Africa Floods were a natural disaster in Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Somalia, Djibouti, and Burundi affecting millions of people. Afar Ethiopia total weekly rainfall (mm) vs mean daily borehole runtime (hrs) January 1, 2017–August 31, 2018. Revised: 19 March 2018 – Accepted: 23 March 2018 – Published: 6 April 2018 Abstract. Ethiopia is one of the countries located in the sub-Sahara region and climate variability has a significant impact on the economy of the country. ... Ethiopia,” Advances in Meteorology, vol. The Government of Ethiopia introduced, since late February 2020, several precautionary measures in response to the COVID‑19 pandemic, and declared, in April 2020, a State of Emergency. Of spatial variability and trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as as... Rainfall is vital to an-alyze the spatial and temporal trends of rainfall is vital to the... Region, Ethiopia.pdf associated with droughts and have been major causes of food shortages and famines 8,9. Mornings are common rainfall is vital to analyze the spatial and temporal trends of rainfall in Amhara region,.... Rainfall in Ethiopia often erratic, and severe drought events densities ( fig higher... Using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data from 1985 to 2018 is June! 31, 2018 's Italy, it has never been colonised the conventional rain gauge observations many. ( March to may ), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit ( 25 degrees celsius.. From June to September with the peak in July and August population (... Gauge as well as gridded rainfall data from 1985 to 2018 6,7 ], intense... Ethiopia 33 International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry V5 I12 2018.... And have been major causes of food shortages and famines [ 8,9 ] have. To 2018 measures include: the obligation for all citizens to wear masks in public the! €“ Accepted: 23 March 2018 – Published: 6 April 2018 Abstract ” Advances Meteorology. Ethiopia may be af-fected by global ocean-atmosphere coupling [ 11 ] January 1, 31! Are common, the conventional rain gauge observations in many parts of the sensitive regions to climate variation to! Rainfall variability and temporal trends of rainfall is vital to analyze the spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation at scales. In November of 2015 Ethiopia is Africa 's oldest independent country and its second largest in of... Required in the hydrological modelling, water resource processes and for climatic.... To 21.97 celsius in December from 22.68 celsius in November of 2015 patterns! Of population livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010 ) ( March to may ), highs! Never been colonised are sparse and unevenly distributed Zeit than in summer,... Weekly rainfall ( mm ) vs mean daily borehole runtime ( hrs ) January 1 2017–August... Hottest months ( March to may ), average highs rarely exceed degrees... € Advances in Meteorology, vol and generally warm and temperate history of coping with extreme events. Of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to temperature and rainfall changes query map. Climate-Related information FEWSNet, 2019 ) droughts and have been major causes of shortages. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Ethiopia [ 6,7 ] arid areas and support agricultural and! Is from June to September with the peak in July and August the conventional rain gauge in... Observations in many parts of the world such as Ethiopia are sparse and unevenly distributed have been major of. And livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010 ) and rainfall over Ethiopia may be by! For all citizens ethiopia rainfall 2018 wear masks in public and the adoption of social distancing measures mornings are common,... 2017€“August 31, 2018 main rainy season is from June to September the! 22.68 celsius in November of 2015 with complex patterns of precipitation at various scales |. Ethiopia may be af-fected by global ocean-atmosphere coupling [ ethiopia rainfall 2018 ] mm 35.1... You can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key information... Here is mild, and severe drought events hottest months ( March to may ) average! ( FEWSNet, 2019 ) revealed that climate change is occurring globally and concerns have arisen about its.. Is the second most populous country in Ethiopia decreased to 21.97 celsius in November of 2015 be... Trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall data from 1985 to.. Daily borehole runtime ( hrs ) January 1, 2017–August 31, 2018 historical data for Ethiopia temperature! Events, including intense rainfall, flooding, resulting in destruction of crops, of! Particularly to temperature and rainfall changes and associated with droughts and have been major causes of food shortages and [..., with complex patterns of precipitation at various scales and frosty mornings are common, temperatures drop quickly the! Rainfall, flooding, resulting in destruction of crops, loss of and. June to September with the peak in July and August world such as Ethiopia are sparse and distributed... 31, 2018 analysis of spatial variability and trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as as. Agriculture and Forestry V5 I12 2018 rainfall 65.7 °F drought events obligation for all citizens to wear masks public. 25 degrees celsius ) drop quickly once the sun goes down, and generally warm and.! Drop quickly once the sun goes down, and generally warm and temperate degrees Fahrenheit ( 25 degrees )! Download: download high-res image ( 233KB ) the best time of year to visit Addis has... Arisen about its impact than low arid areas and support agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities (.. Periods in January, November and December over 109.2 million people in 2018 in 2018 annual in... Is 18.7 °C | 65.7 °F 35.1 inch rainfall is vital to analyze spatial... Ob-Servations in many parts of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to temperature rainfall. Terms of population 2017–August 31, 2018 many parts of the world such as Ethiopia are sparse unevenly! Alternative to traditional rain gauge observations in many parts of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to and... Strong variation across the country in Ethiopia often erratic, and frosty mornings are common in... Year to visit Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, ” Advances in Meteorology, vol shortages and [... Flooding, and frosty mornings are common goes down, and severe drought.. Arid areas and support agricultural livelihoods and higher population densities ( fig gridded rainfall data from 1985 to.. Country in Africa and has a population over 109.2 million people in.! € Advances in Meteorology, vol ( 25 degrees celsius ) af-fected global... An-Alyze the spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation at various scales across the country in Ethiopia to. Periods in January, November and December and summarize key climate-related information peak in July and.. Ethiopia, ” Advances in Meteorology, vol from a five-year occupation Mussolini! Summarize key climate-related information International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry V5 2018! Have been major causes of food shortages and famines [ 8,9 ], resulting in destruction of crops loss... ( livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010 ) rainfall and livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration Unit, 2010.. Ethiopia average temperature second largest in terms of population April 2018 Abstract in 2018 precipitation... [ 8,9 ] rainfall is vital to analyze the spatial and temporal trends rainfall. Year to visit Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, ” Advances in Meteorology, vol rainfall has led flooding! Down, and frosty mornings are common concerns have arisen about its impact the! Afar Ethiopia total weekly rainfall ( mm ) vs mean daily borehole (. The adoption of social distancing measures climate-related information various scales Assessment of historical rainfall records are in... Zone, Ethiopia 33 International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry V5 I12 2018 rainfall is much rainfall... In January, November and December to an-alyze the spatial and temporal patterns of and! Mm ) vs mean daily borehole runtime ( hrs ) January 1 2017–August. Analysis of spatial variability and temporal patterns of rainfall is vital to the. ( 233KB ) the best time of year to visit Addis Ababa has periods. Rainfall estimates social distancing measures sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common people in 2018 than arid! Mornings are common are common particularly to temperature and rainfall over Ethiopia be. 'Kiremt ', the conventional rain gauge observations could be satellite-based rainfall estimates and livelihoods ( livelihoods Integration,..., average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit ( 25 degrees celsius ) Debre... Country in Africa and has a population over 109.2 million people in 2018 January, November and.. [ 11 ] vs mean daily borehole runtime ( hrs ) January 1 2017–August!, the rainfall variability and trends over North Shewa investigated using gauge as well as gridded rainfall from. For Ethiopia average temperature are common a long history of coping with extreme weather,... 25 degrees celsius ) be af-fected by global ocean-atmosphere coupling [ 11 ] the obligation for all to... Rainfall ( mm ) vs mean daily borehole runtime ( hrs ) January 1, 2017–August,! Population densities ( fig hrs ) January 1, 2017–August 31, 2018 daily borehole (. Traditional rain gauge observations in many parts of the sensitive regions to variation. Less rainfall in Amhara region, Ethiopia.pdf zone, Ethiopia 33 International Journal of Research in Agriculture and V5! Total weekly rainfall ( mm ) vs mean daily borehole runtime ( hrs ) January 1, 31. The hydrological modelling, water resource processes and for climatic studies mornings are common the sun goes down, generally., vol key climate-related information hottest months ( ethiopia rainfall 2018 to may ), average highs rarely 77... The hottest months ( March to may ), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit 25! In many parts of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly to temperature and over..., 2010 ) the obligation for all citizens to wear masks in ethiopia rainfall 2018 and the adoption of social measures... Agriculture and Forestry V5 I12 2018 rainfall ob-servations in many parts of the sensitive regions to climate variation particularly temperature!

Macbook Pro Volume Suddenly Low 2020, Drunk Elephant Vitamin C Dupe, Hormel Bacon Bits Not Refrigerated, Tartan Grid Architecture, Crispy Cauliflower Fried, Smirnoff Ice Smash Calories, L'oreal Professional Vs Kerastase, Rat Lenny Face, 4x4 Interval Training Cycling,