The first farms The first licence to farm deer was issued to M. P. Giles of Rahana station, near Taupō, in 1969. Post and strainer staples must be a minimum gauge of 4mm, and at least 50mm long. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Deer are easily frightened, so their yards are specially designed to help keep them calm. Deer are farmed for venison, and for the velvet from their antlers. If they aren't identified they become the property of the Crown. It is then frozen and exported to Asia, where it is used as a health product. Deer and elk farming has been very successful and stock numbers are generally dictated by prevailing meat and velvet prices. Find out what you need to do if you want to establish or extend a deer farm or change the species of deer being farmed. The minimum height above ground, minimum number of line wires, maximum space between line wires and maximum space between vertical battens must be the same as specified for a wire and batten fences. The traditional dairying regions in New Zealand have been mainly in the western and northern North Island, and in Nelson and West Coast regions of the South Island. The deer-farm stock was bred from the recovered wild animals. Phone. Today there are more than 1.7 million deer on New Zealand farms. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. We’ve added new drapers to our lineup, to help you reduce loss, consistently maintain desired cut height and put more grain in your tank. New Zealand is known worldwide for canned corned beef. In the 1970s and 80s there was a huge industry carrying out live deer recovery from forested areas of New Zealand. They leapt from helicopters and grabbed the animals, tranquillised them with dart guns, or used a net gun, which fired a nylon net over the deer. Gerhard Uys spoke to Bill Robinson of Raroa Red Deer Stud. ), Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis), Chital deer (Cervus axis) and Sambar (C. unicolor), may be quite different. Deer mate in autumn, and their fawns are born in early summer. Deer farming began in the late 1960s. Covering: Gate must be covered with chain-link netting with a maximum aperture of 75mm and wire gauge of 3.15mm at least; must be laced with galvanised lacing wire 2mm at least. Deer Industry New Zealand is celebrating its 40th year in business at its annual conference in Napier; industry leaders said deer farming in New Zealand had come a long way in that time. Posts, battens and strainers must be of one continuous length for the full height of the fence. All wires must be fastened on to the inside of posts. These live animals were sent to deer farms. 'MZ' bolts must be used. Involved in the industry since deer farming's pioneering days, Jermy is a former Deer Industry New Zealand chairman who, after a seven-year gap, was re-elected to the board in June. The first licence to farm deer was issued to M. P. Giles of Rahana station, near Taupō, in 1969. Deer Industry Environment Awards The Deer Industry Environmental Awards are convened every second year and are part of the industry’s commitment to environmentally sustainable farmed deer production. Hunters also went into remote areas to kill deer so they could sell the meat (venison). 3, available from the Warkworth Area Office, shows areas where deer farming is prohibited and different species of deer may be farmed. Deer are not native to New Zealand. A natural barrier may only be used as a substitute for fencing where it prevents the escape of deer. Netting must be strained to comply with manufacturer tensile guidelines. On your small farm, you should probably choose red deer because wapiti types … Deer farming: a big export business in New Zealand. There are around 3,000 deer farms in New Zealand spread from the top tip of the North Island to the southern plains of the South Island. By the start of the 20th century, deer had spread throughout the forests. For fallow the line wire must be attached to, or close to, the bottom wire of the netting with a maximum spacing between wires of 50mm. Some venison is sold overseas under the name Cervena. Hung gates must butt against the full inside surface of the latching post, and open inwards where terrain permits. Deer farming on Class VII land or higher may still be approved – check with the Warkworth Area Office. A line wire underneath the netting is also required for wapiti and red deer. Farms are a big part of the New Zealand way of life and both the North and South Islands feature sprawling farming landscapes, grazing cattle and sheep. Deer mate in autumn, and their fawns … Deer farming production targets | Deer Industry New Zealand Search They must be securely joined (clipped or tied) at a maximum interval of 1m. Herds of wild deer damaged pasture, young exotic trees in plantations, and native forests, by eating the plants. Moose were introduced but may have died out. Horticulture New Zealand is the number one source for farm-raised venison worldwide with around 2000 farmers farming approximately 1 million deer. Contact us to discover more … The velvet is cut off under anaesthetic. Ever since the introduction of refrigerated shipping in 1882, people all over the world have enjoyed our dairy and meat exports. About 3/4s of New Zealand deer farms are in the South Island. Most deer are farmed in the more mountainous regions of Canterbury, Otago and Southland. give written notice to farmers to fix fences where they fail to meet the standards. By 1979 there were 800 deer farms, and the interest was so great that there were 1,540 a year later. Wool. Trophy hunting, deerskin and other products, Next: Page 1. Two welded gate lugs of 20mm x 25mm. Farming Deer in New Zealand on Yellow®. Deer farmers must comply with the following conditions: Deer farmers who contravene the Wild Animal Control Act or regulations may be prosecuted and fined and have their authority to farm cancelled. Large-scale commercial farming of deer originated in New Zealand, and that country still has the world's most advanced deer farming industry. There must be an overlap of 300mm (minimum) between the wire fence and the top-up netting. The maximum distance allowed between two strained posts on flat terrain is 400m. Pigs and goat farming is also practiced but in smaller quantities. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. regulating deer farming in areas where it is permitted. Perimeter fence gates: Hard-fill or concrete is required under gates or fences which run over culverts. If an existing fence is to be increased in height, the existing fence must already have at least 7 line wires with materials, spacings, and specifications as per the illustration before the addition is made. See what are considered to be targets for good performance in the deer industry to provide a benchmark to match or better. Venison (deer meat) is very healthy – low in fat, and high in protein and minerals. One talking point at the event was the latest agricultural data from Statistics New Zealand, which showed a one percent lift in the national deer herd last year - bringing the total flock to just under 836,000. The requirements for species found in other countries of the Asia-Pacific region, such as Musk deer (Moschus sp. The beginnings of deer farming. They live in fields with high fences, to stop them jumping over or pushing through. Gate locks: Self-locking devices are recommended. Trusted local business listings and maps. Steel pipe: minimum wall thickness of 3mm; internal diameter 25mm. The farming of deer started in New Zealand, and this country remains the world's largest and most advanced deer farming industry. All deer being moving on and off the farm should be ear tagged and have appropriate movement documentation (MPI requirement). Managing deer. An often-heard statistic is that there are 20 sheep for every person in New Zealand, and this was true in 1981 when there were 80 million sheep on the land. More than 200 farmers and other stakeholders met in Timaru this week for the National Deer Industry Conference. By Gerhard Uys. Deer farming has become popular through the years with the number of deer and deer farms growing. The deer farm must be under adequate supervision. alter the perimeter fence of an existing farm. Notifications will be processed within ten working days, provided the land on which deer are to be farmed does not include any land capability Class VII or VIII land and is not in an area where deer farming or certain species of deer are prohibited. They spread rapidly because they had no predators, there was plenty of food, and at first they were protected from hunting. Deer are farmed for for venison meat, deer velvet and co-products. Ken Drew, 'Deer and deer farming', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/deer-and-deer-farming (accessed 13 December 2020). Deer mesh fences must have a single strained bottom wire. Of these regions, Waikato has the largest number of cows. September 15, 2019 at 10:21 am With large exports of deer venison and antler products worldwide, New Zealand deer farmers are at the top of their game. This is free. A short clip about the beginning of a new industry in New Zealand, New Zealand is the largest exporter of farmed venison in the world. The NZ Deer Industry. Deer are farmed for venison, and for the velvet from their antlers. Pastoral farming involves the raising of sheep, cattle, and more recently other animals such as deer and goats. Deer were first brought to New Zealand in the late 19th century for sport. Red deer stags. Stags (male deer) grow antlers every year. Deer Farming Notice No. Above 1.2m a maximum of 150mm apart. Deer are not native to New Zealand. The rest are either the much larger wapiti (also known in New Zealand as ‘elk’) or red x wapiti crosses or the much smaller, more flighty fallow deer. The large scale commercial farming of deer started in New Zealand, and New Zealand remains the world's largest and most advanced deer farming industry. The first farms. Deer are not native to New Zealand. Introduced for sport in the 19th century, deer became a pest in New Zealand’s forests. Construction: Timber: rail dimensions a minimum of 100mm x 25mm. New Zealand farms around one million deer, predominantly red deer, on around 2000 farms. Each existing post requires the addition of one full-length batten, quarter-round or equivalent to support the top-up netting. Flood gates must be designed to prevent the escape of deer. Deer are the first new animals to be domesticated for over 5000 years. Servicing all of New Zealand. This slim volume contains much information on deer in New Zealand, an interesting description of the development of the industry to its present very real importance and prosperity and glimpses of many of the personalities involved. Hunted first by government cullers, and later from helicopters in remote areas, today deer have also become the basis of a thriving farming industry. In the 1970s people began catching live wild deer. 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