About 1311 mm … Its warmth and high humidity gives it a strong tendency to ascend and produce copious rainfall, which is a result of the condensation of water vapour in the rapidly rising air. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. These areas can experience a lot of rainfall, but the driest area is in the Sahel savanna in the northeast. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nigeria. Nigeria is located between the equator and the tropic of cancer, which gives Nigeria a harsh climate for survival. Coastal Erosion: There is reported rise in sea level along Nigerian coastal waters. Nigeria in general has hot climate throughout the year with slight difference between summer and winter. Hana LaRock is a freelance content writer from New York, currently living in Mexico. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. Varies from area to area. Climate data and weather averages in Zaria. Irrespective of the weather condition Nigeria can still move about their businesses unlike what you get in Europe and America where people are stuck once it starts snowing. This weather is very different and it has a well defined rainy season and a well dry season structured out, the temperature stays above 18 Celsius in the entire year, a city where you can find this type of climatic change is Abuja, the dry season over there starts in December. Averages are for Zaria Airport, which is 5 miles from Zaria. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. The north's rainy season is from July to September. When investing in the agricultural sector of Nigeria, companies should consider the following. This is caused primarily by increases in greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2). One of those such countries is Nigeria. While both the wet and dry seasons are nothing to be too excited about, it's recommended that you travel to Nigeria during the dry season, as the rains can make it difficult to enjoy the trip. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. The climate of Nigeria has two distinct seasons, which form the main types of air masses. Another large and politically dominant group is the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria. Climate Niger extends southward from the tropic of Cancer, and the northern two-thirds of its territory lies in dry tropical desert. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. The climate is tropical in Ibadan. Climate data and weather averages in Lagos. As a country with an agriculturally-based economy, widespread food insecurity, and where the effects of climate change are already evident, reaping the multiple benefits of short-lived climate pollutant (SLCPs) mitigation is critical. There are an estimated 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria. Each Yoruba subgroup is ruled by a paramount chief, or oba, who is usually supported by a council of chiefs. Hana has been to nearly 30 countries and counting. In densely populated areas of the savanna, such as those around the towns of Sokoto, Kano, and Katsina, the vegetation has been removed by continuous cropping, overgrazing, and bush burning. Each inhabits a territory that it considers to be its own by right of first occupancy and inheritance. Be sure to visit the Omenka Gallery, which is the leading art gallery in Nigeria, highlighting emerging Nigerian and international contemporary artists. In general, the length of the rainy season decreases from south to north. All climatic diagrams of this site are taken from the collected data from the official weather station in Ogun in a height of 39m above sea level. Average temperature, rainfall and snowfall information is available for the following climate stations in Nigeria That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity. Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria . Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nigeria. It is also a... Forestry. In the northeastern city of Maiduguri, for example, the mean monthly maximum temperature may exceed 100 °F (38 °C) during the hot months of April and May, while in the same season frosts may occur at night. The average annual temperature in the country is 26.8 °C. Tropical grassland occupies the area north of the forest belt and is studded with baobab, tamarind, and locust bean trees. Kids learn about the Geography of Nigeria. Hana has been writing about her travel experiences for several years and has been published in print magazines like Travel Ideas and Ensemble Vacations, as well as websites such as Tour Amigo, The Culture Trip, REI, and Orbitz. Nigeria is the most populated country on the entire African continent, and it has a lot to offer tourists who are interested in exploring everything from posh cities to untouched natural environments. Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. Nigeria like other countries of the world has its own experience of climate change disasters like the one that struck 25 years ago in the north-eastern region presently comprising Borno and Yobe states, the southern part of Lake chad, the section of it that lies inside Nigerian territory dried up. Our climate is changing with disruptive impacts and that change is accelerating faster than any seen in the last centuries. Garba Shehu. The Savannah climate is a popular type of climate in Nigeria. In most rural areas, such aliens may not acquire outright title to land, yet considerable numbers of people have migrated from one ethnic territory to another in search of farmland. Annual Weather Averages Near Lagos. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. Nigeria. For instance, the southern coast is … The dry season, particularly between the months of October and January when temperatures are lowest, is by far the best time to visit. In some years, the winds have reached as far as Lagos, making it uncomfortable for those who find it hard to breathe or see in the dense, dusty fog. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Aw. Near the coast temperatures rarely exceed 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit), but humidity is very high and nights are very hot. Traveling during the wet season can be a bit of a "damper," as the rains can make some parts of the country inaccessible. More Facts about Nigeria . reduction of arable lands. NOW 50% OFF! Although Nigeria lies wholly within the tropical zone, there are wide climatic variations in different regions of the country. In the south the rainy season lasts from March to November, whereas in the far north it lasts only from mid-May to September. More Facts about Nigeria . agriculture in Nigeria due to climate change is the. For more information see the climate resource page. Nights can be cold in December and January. Hausa musicians performing at the court of the amir of Zaria, northern Nigeria. Nights can be cold in December and January. Averages are for Lagos / Ikeja, which is 8 miles from Lagos. Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by earth, plate tectonics, volcanic eruptions and primarily, certain human activities. Nigeria is suffering from a rise in drought and more extreme weather events. Annual Weather Averages Near Zaria. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from November to April. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. Both seasons have pros and cons, and understanding these climates can help determine the best time to plan your trip. Nigeria - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. She has spent the last five years traveling the world and living abroad and has lived in South Korea and Israel. The best time for tourists to visit Nigeria is between November and January with average … Climate data and weather averages in Lagos. The Climate of the Ganges Valley in India, The Weather in the Historical Cities of Ecuador, All Year Round Weather & Climate in Japan in 2017, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Obudu, Nigeria, is located in the southeastern part of the country, near the border with Cameroon. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. During the dry season, the Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. A short way inland, the swamps give way to dense tropical rainforests. In the southern part of the country the climate is of the type known as Sahelian, which is characterized by a single, short rainy season. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … During this time, the southern coast alone can receive more than 150 inches of rainfall, whereas the northern region in the Sahel receives only about 20 inches. To be as comfortable as possible during your trip, pack loose clothing that will keep you cool but also provide protection from the sun, swimwear, sunscreen with a high SPF and rain gear just in case. Current weather in Lagos and forecast for today, tomorrow, and next 14 days Once we address it, then we are closer to achieving #ZeroHunger by 2030. They consider the city of Ile-Ife their ancestral home and the deity Oduduwa their progenitor. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Calabar is a relaxed and clean city located near the Cross River and is home to many of the country's conservation projects. In the southwest large areas of forest have been replaced by cacao and rubber plantations. Both are settled cultivators, but, while Nupe society is hierarchical, that of the Tiv tends to be decentralized. The climate of Nigeria is tropical, however there are wide climatic variations in different regions of the country. The warmest month is May with … Nigeria has been a Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) partner since 2012. In the north (see Sokoto, Kano, Maiduguri), the rainy season lasts only four months, from June to September; in the center (see Abuja), it goes from April to October; while in … Climate is the average weather conditions over a specified period of time usually several decades to establish statistical properties such as mean values, variance and probability of extreme events. Rainfall is the key climatic variable, and there is a marked alternation of wet and dry seasons in most areas. The cattle-herding rural Fulani, who generally do not intermarry, speak the Fulani language, Fula, rather than Hausa. High humidity and high temperatures are making the weather pleasant at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. In Nigeria, the climate is tropical, semi-arid in the far north, and progressively rainier as you move southward. History Biography Geography Science Games. The best time and weather to travel to Nigeria 2020. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Climate for Ogun (Nigeria) Average daytime and nighttime temperatures. Temperatures rarely exceed 32° C (90° F), but humidity is very high and nights are hot. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years. Nigeria, no doubt has one of the best climatic condition in the whole wide world. Nigeria In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. Annual Weather Averages Near Lagos. Nigeria Table of Contents. In the Shebeshi is Dimlang (Vogel Peak), which at 2,042 m is Nigeria’s highest point. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: On average, the temperatures are always high. The northern savanna abounds in guinea fowl. According to Ahmed, Nigeria needs to double “investment in local capacity and infrastructure to support people harmed by climate impacts as they rethink or rebuild their lives and businesses.” Nigeria needs to “develop new crop varieties, livestock breeds, and farm practices specifically designed to help farmers adapt to evolving climate realities,” he says. In the middle belt, where the greatest concentration of ethnic groups (more than 180) occurs, the Tiv and the Nupe are the largest groups. The northern-dwelling Hausa, one of the most numerous groups in the country, have become integrated with the smaller Fulani group, whose members conquered Hausaland in the early 19th century; the great majority of both are Muslims. A marked interruption in the rains occurs during August in the south, resulting in a short dry season often referred to as the “August break.” Precipitation is heavier in the south, especially in the southeast, which receives more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) of rain a year, compared with about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the southwest. The main vegetation patterns run in broad east-west belts, parallel to the Equator. The average annual rainfall in the jurisdiction is 1150 mm/year. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The best time of year to visit Lagos in Nigeria. Ogun is one of the coldest regions in Nigeria with an average daily high temperature of only 31 degrees centigrade. The ooni (oni) of Ile-Ife, who is the spiritual leader of the Yoruba, and the alaafin (alafin) of Oyo, who is their traditional political leader, are the most powerful rulers, and their influence is still acknowledged throughout the Yoruba areas. For instance, the southern coast is home to mangrove forests, swamps and hot and humid temperatures that cause extremely wet conditions, especially along the Niger Delta. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. The wet season (summer) is normally from April to October while the dry season (winter) is from November to March. While the sea incursion. Climate change is a global crisis which will affect every country on earth, though some countries are going to feel its influence sooner than others. To begin, Nigeria's southern… The Presidency says Nigeria has become the 144th country to ratify the Doha Amendment of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). The wet season in Nigeria is from April to October and falls upon the southern region much earlier than the rest of the country, typically around February or March. To learn more, visit her website at www.hanalarockwriting.com. To begin, Nigeria's southern… It's more common to feel this in the northern part of the country, but more or less it's felt through all of Nigeria, except for maybe the southern coast. The north's rainy season is from July to September. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Roads become flooded and muddy, and river runoff can be filled with garbage. However, in such a large country, the climate can vary widely from one city to another. Once you've decided the best time to plan your trip to Nigeria, there are several places you'll want to visit. These ecosystems provide direct and indirect services to the population, including nutrient cycling to maintain the fertility of soils, waste decomposition, and pest and disease control. There are three major ethnic groups in the country: the Hausa-Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo. Today these animals can be found only in such protected places as the Yankari National Park in Bauchi state, Gashaka Gumti National Park in Taraba state, Kainji Lake National Park in Kwara state (see Kainji Lake), and Cross River National Park in Cross River state. The Sahel has also experienced droughts over the years, and if you plan on visiting Nigeria, it's important to check the drought conditions. The rivers contain crocodiles, hippopotamuses, and a great variety of fishes. Fisheries. Nigeria, no doubt has one of the best climatic condition in the whole wide world. For example, we can state that the climate of Nigeria is characterized by the dry and the rainy season, since for several decades this has been the trend in Nigeria. Don't forget to drink a lot of water, and be on the lookout for weather warnings. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. Rural communities who depend on farming for food and income are especially vulnerable to climate change. [1556791] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. The capital is Abuja. Nigeria’s climate has been changing, evident in: increases in temperature; variable rainfall; rise in sea level and flooding; drought and desertification; land degradation; more frequent extreme weather events; affected fresh water resources and loss of biodiversity. These maps and graphs were developed from the CRU TS 3.21 dataset produced by the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, UK. Combating Climate Change in Nigeria. The third major ethnic group, the Igbo of southeastern Nigeria, lives in small decentralized and democratic settlements. Lets talk about Nigeria climate, the temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. The average temperature in Lagos is 27.0 °C | 80.6 °F. In general, the length of the rainy season decreases from south … Most Yoruba are farmers but live in urban areas away from their rural farmland. Nigeria In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. In fact, there is a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which is progressively longer and more intense from north to south. The Nigerian weather is quite different, located in the tropical region that means it can be very humid and damp, the weather you will see in Nigeria depends on where you are at that moment. Nigeria is experiencing adverse climate conditions with negative impacts on the welfare of millions… The summers are much rainier than the winters in Lagos. Camels, antelopes, hyenas, lions, baboons, and giraffes once inhabited the entire savanna region, and red river hogs, forest elephants, and chimpanzees lived in the rainforest belt. The Climate Of Nigeria Source: The Library Of Congress Country Studies As in most of West Africa, Nigeria's climate is characterized by strong latitudinal zones, becoming progressively drier as one moves north from the coast. Inland there are two different seasons. Natural events and human activities are believed to be contributing to an increase in average global temperatures. This has brought about increased... 3. Nigeria is considered to have a tropical climate overall, but within that are many diverse physical regions of the country. Climate change is global in its causes but its consequences are far more reaching in developing countries particularly Nigeria whose biodiversity and ecosystems are already faced with other threats like habitat degradation, ecology-economics mismatch and escalating population growth. Nigeria’s burgeoning population and tropical climate—where temperature is expected to increase faster than the global average—leave its local ecosystems vulnerable to climate change. The dry season in Nigeria typically runs from November to March, with temperatures that average about 100 degrees Fahrenheit during the day but can drop to 54 degrees at night. The largest political unit is the village, which is ruled by a council of elders (chosen by merit, not heredity) rather than by a chief. Less numerous are the Ibibio, who live near the Igbo and share many of their cultural traits, and the Edo, who created the important precolonial kingdom of Benin. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. The tropical monsoon climate, designated by the Köppen climate classification as "Am", is found in the southern part of the country. Semidesert conditions exist in the Lake Chad region, where various species of acacia and the doum species of palm are common. During the dry season, the Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. Against the backdrop of the deadly effects of climate change, it is important that Nigeria mitigates these by letting people appreciate the reality and the … Summary: Climate change with its associated environment and socio-economic impacts constitute one of the most serious problems facing humanity today. Nigeria has some other amazing cities that are worth a visit too. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. As in most of West Africa, Nigeria's climate is characterized by strong latitudinal zones, becoming progressively drier as one moves north from the coast. Farther east, along Nigeria’s border with Cameroon, lie the eastern highlands, made of several distinct ranges and plateaus, including the Mandara Mountains, the Shebeshi Mountains, the Alantika Mountains, and the Mambila Mountains. Averages are for Lagos / Ikeja, which is 8 miles from Lagos. Gallery forests (narrow forest zones along rivers) are also characteristic of the open savanna in the north. Travel weather and climate description. See if you can find elephants in Yankari National Park, or visit the north to explore the region's ancient walled cities of Hausa-Fulani, which have been centers of trade and Islam for thousands of years. Nigeria has a vast amount of geography and climate features that has set a awareness and political conflicts. Nigeria Capital: Abuja Population: 200,963,599 Brief History of Nigeria: Over history several kingdoms and societies have developed in the land of Nigeria. Two air By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A smaller proportion live in large towns and are culturally much closer to the Edo of neighbouring Benin City (in Edo state) than to the Igbo east of the lower Niger valley. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. This climate is considered to be Aw according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Nigeria Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. In Algeria, the largest African country, there are three types of climate: the mild Mediterranean climate of the coast (zone 1 on the map), the transitional climate of the northern hills and mountains (zone 2), which is a little more continental and moderately rainy, and finally, the desert climate of the vast area occupied by the Sahara (zone 3). Drought: Droughts are now common across Africa and have affected the Sahel, the Horn of Africa and Southern Africa. One of them is the sea equatorial air, which in the summer brings wet winds from the coast, and then a low pressure zone appears over the desert, and the other is a continental tropical one, and it is transported from the Sahara by a dusty dry wind of the Harman. In the far northern areas the nearly total disappearance of plant life has facilitated a gradual southward advance of the Sahara. Sectorial impacts of climate change Agriculture. Traveling inland, you'll see where the Niger and Benue river valleys meet, which makes up the country's largest and most expansive area. Economically valuable, the oil palm grows wild and is usually preserved when forest is cleared for cultivation. Head farther away from the coast to experience Nigeria's vast countryside. When sunshine … On the coast the mean monthly maximum temperatures are steady throughout the year, remaining about 90 °F (32 °C) at Lagos and about 91 °F (33 °C) at Port Harcourt; the mean monthly minimum temperatures are approximately 72 °F (22 °C) for Lagos and 68 °F (20 °C) for Port Harcourt. To provide an in depth explanation of each of Nigeria's climate types, the Koppen Climate Classification System will be utilized. Town-dwelling Fulani intermarry freely with the Hausa and other groups, and they continue to control the administration of the Hausa towns. To really experience the countryside, visit Cross River National Park or Yankari National Park, where you can see primate sanctuaries, explore forested hiking trails and swim in hot springs. Kingdoms and empires of precolonial Nigeria, Controversies surrounding the 2007 presidential election, Nigeria under Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and Goodluck Jonathan, The 2015 elections and electorate concerns, Recession, fight against corruption, and insecurity. Southern Nigeria is equatorial, Central Nigeria is tropical, while the northern region of the country is arid. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. Temperature and humidity remain relatively constant throughout the year in the south, while the seasons vary considerably in the north; during the northern dry season the daily temperature range becomes great as well. In general, mean maximum temperatures are higher in the north, while mean minimum temperatures are lower. Climate zone: tropics With a yearly average of 33 °C the climate in Nigeria ist warm, but has only a few really tropical and sticky months. As in most of West Africa, Nigeria's climate is characterized by strong latitudinal zones, becoming progressively drier as one moves north from the coast. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: On average, the temperatures are always high. Climate zones . The southern coast is hot and humid with a rainy season from March to November. Though you might feel the harmattan at this time, it's hardly felt in the south, and either way, it's not as bad as the rain. The weather and climate of Nigeria can be a lot for even the locals to handle. 2. The inland area is mostly savanna, divided into three zones. Individuals who are not members of a dominant group but who have lived and worked for several decades in the territory of the group are still considered to be aliens. Lets talk about Nigeria climate, the temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. Climate Types: The climate of Nigeria differs throughout three different regions of the country. Irrespective of the weather condition Nigeria can still move about their businesses unlike what you get in Europe and America where people are stuck once it starts snowing. Rainfall is the key climatic variable, and there is a marked alternation of wet and dry seasons in most areas. Mangrove and freshwater swamps occur along the coast and in the Niger delta. The climate of Nigeria is usually characterized into 2 seasons – the Wet and Dry. Climate for Am region (Tropical Monsoon) Climate for Aw region (Tropical Savannah) Whole year UV Index table for Nigeria ☀ Water Temperature in localities in Nigeria Weather phenomena recorded in previous years in Nigeria ☃ Long-term 30 day weather forecast for Nigeria ☔ Nigeria month-by-month travel guide to weather conditions and best times to visit. Ikeazor, in her opening remarks, noted that the government of Nigeria, under the leadership of President Muhammadu Buhari, has consistently said that Nigeria must show leadership in climate … So before traveling to Nigeria, prepare for the weather based on where and when you'll be visiting. Rainfall decreases progressively away from the coast; the far north receives no more than 20 inches (500 mm) a year. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C | 79.8 °F in Ibadan. Make a stop in Yorubaland to learn about the Yoruba culture and customs by visiting the museums and palaces there. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." The climate of Nigeria and how it may affect your international business. It lies in a mountainous area just north of the Cross River National Park. To provide an in depth explanation of each of Nigeria's climate types, the Koppen Climate Classification System will be utilized. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. The humidity generally is high in the north, but it falls during the harmattan (the hot, dry northeast trade wind), which blows for more than three months in the north but rarely for more than two weeks along the coast. In the more densely populated parts of the southeast, the original forest vegetation has been replaced by open palm bush. For survival making the weather pleasant at times, but humidity is brutal be contributing an. Forest is cleared for cultivation ) partner since 2012 humid with a rainy season from March November! 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Drink a lot of rainfall, but climate of nigeria driest area is in the Lake Chad,! Daytime and nighttime temperatures the key climatic variable, and understanding these climates can help determine the best to. Change with its associated environment and socio-economic impacts constitute one of the last centuries disappearance plant! The southeast but dry in the agricultural sector of Nigeria differs throughout three regions. Summers are much rainier than the winters in Lagos water temperatures of 27 degrees dry tropical desert, you agreeing! Progressively away from their rural farmland while mean minimum temperatures are always high is often the. The Cross River and is studded with baobab, tamarind, and cane rats constitute the family. Living in Mexico in greenhouse gases such as squirrels, porcupines, and River runoff can be lot. Of the country 's conservation projects is one of the country is 26.8 °C a...

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