Joinery planes can feel like cheating. $4.19. Plane in the direction of the wood's grain rise. But, with the novices, how to use a hand planer is a problem. Never place a hand or any part of your body in front of the plane during use. This removes burrs from the blade. It will be smooth in one direction and rough in the other. The plane iron should be sharpened to around a 25-degree angle for almost all the work you will be doing. Then use the smoothing plane to create the final “glass-smooth” surface. To do so, place a piece of 220-grit sandpaper on a flat surface and hold the plane at a 25 degree angle so the bevel is flat against the sandpaper. Plane the edges of the door by working your way from the outside edge toward the center. Ensure the position in which you stand is very comfortable with you and makes it convenient for you to pass the planer through the work-piece. How to use a hand plane, including how to tune the plane, roughing and smoothing cuts, and precision planing. Use a jointing plane (an 07 plane is perfect but other long bed planes will work fine) to plane the paired edges so they are flat in length and width. If a hand plane isn't part of your tool chest, it should be. Longer jack planes provide a smoother surface by bridging the gaps and shaving off the humps. The blade on a hand plane is literally razor-sharp. Adjust the blade’s angle until the tip of the blade stick out just below the sole of the plane. When planing end grain, hold the plane at an angle. Maintain your planes in good shape by an occasional light oil … Then, rub the blade in a circle until metal shavings form along its back. Using a modern hand planner, you will be able to cut or plane 10 thousand per minute, which smooth your job. Electric hand planers use rotating knives and can save you a lot of time when you’re doing a lot of planning. It should note that correctly tuned; a hand plane will also go away a much better finish on the wood that you are working on than any machine or power tool could ever expect to achieve. In the article, I will show the features and how to use it … Correctly cared for and upheld, good quality, well made, hand planes will last a life and further than of whatever woodworking chores you come about to throw at them. How to Set Up a Hand Plane - Video Transcript. To smooth a wide board, begin with the jack or fore plane and dimension the board to suit. Beat The Router – Learn To Use A Fillister Plane. Resharpen the blade often to maintain the edge and you’ll always be ready to trim a door, loosen a drawer, or unstick a window at a moment’s notice. Planing in this direction ensures that the wood will not splinter. Effective hand plane usage depends on a number of factors such as a solidly secured work material, a sharp plane blade, pushing the plane in the right direction, and firm, decisive movements. Set the hand plane on the work material. Use proper technique and have the plane set for a fine cut to produce fine (.003″) shavings. How to use an electric hand planer The first step is balancing your body. Avoid overreaching at the end of a pass; the front shoe will drop off the wood and let the blades take an uneven bite off the end of the wood (called “snipe”). The sharp end of the blade should extend from the bottom of the plane between 1/64-inch and 1/32-inch. Try to put the downward pressure on the wood and then press towards yourself with the back handle, push the plane on the surface in a smooth, nonstop motion. Even new planes should be sharpened. Lock the blade into place in the plane by screwing down the hand screw. Use a carbide scraper to remove paint or finish before planing. If not, the plane's blade may catch in the wood and prevent the plane from moving. How to Use a Hand Planer? Decide For which purpose you want to learn hand planer. If it helps, you can consider that a hand planer is similar to a sander. The work- piece should be clamped at a comfortable height in front of you. You can use a hand planer to shave off those peaks, and make the board smooth and uniform. This straight line should be lying on the surface if it is then your work is perfect if not then your surface need more finishing, and you are missing somewhere. Set the hand plane on the work material. You must push the plane with firm, decisive movements in order to cut through the wood. Unless the plane is new, its blade must be sharpened. Clamp down the work material on a sturdy table so that there is no danger of it moving under heavy pressure. On rough lumber, you can feel the fibers by running your hand over the board. 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