[citation needed] Its thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. The combination has been found to increase testosterone in rats, and Basella appears to be more active in this regard. It was already reported that the minimum inhibitory concentration of Basella alba leaf was found to be 6.25µg/ml against Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa & Bacillus subtilus and 12.5μg/ml against Escherichia coli 14. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BASELLA ALBA FRUIT, Research Department of Biotechnology, Dr. Mahalingam Centre for Research and Development, N.G.M. Int J Pharm Sci Res. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors are grateful to Principal Dr. P. Badri Sreeman Narayanan, Head of the Department R.Kavitha Krishna, NGM College, and Pollachi for providing necessary facilities to do this research work. The leaves are used to cure stomachache and constipation. Plant Name: Basella alba Common name: Marathi: Mayallu Hindi: Poi English: Malabar spinach, Indian spinach Jawhar: Mayalu Interesting facts and history Some special property: Like spinach, Basella alba also contain oxalic acid which is a naturally occurring substance found in some vegetables. The inoculated tubes were kept at 37oC± 1oC at 24 hours for bacterial assay and kept for 48 hours for fungal assay during the incubation period. Basella alba var. Malabar spinach is an edible flowering plant in family Basellaceae native to tropical Southern Asia which was originated from Sri Lanka, India or Indonesia. In Africa, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most commonly used. To minimize the pigment purification process and warrant safety acceptability, B. alba colorant powder (BACP) was … The vegetable is used in Chinese cuisine. Fruits of Basella alba are fleshy, stalkless, spherical and purple when mature. It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. Its leaf juice is a good herbal treatment for Catarrh. [5] Many people in Indian rural areas depend on the traditional medicine for the treatment of their ailments and since prehistoric times, various parts of plants has been used in the treatment and prevention of various diseases 6. Fruit Trees > Perennial vegetables > Malabar Spinach - Red. Fruit extracts of Basella rubra that are rich in bioactives and betalains exhibit antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity against human cervical carcinoma cells. NUTRIENT VALUE : Rich in energy, protein, fat carbohydrate, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, … The present study is designed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of fruit of Basella alba. With the aid of a sterile cork borer, wells of about 8mm in diameter were punched on the plates. The mucilaginous liquid obtained from the leaves and tender stalks of this plant is a popular remedy for habitual headaches. Preparation of test Sample: The acidifed methanolic extract was dissolved in methanol to obtain the different concentrations (25 mg/ml, 50 mg/ml and 100 mg/ml). Alugbati is a succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. The stem when crushed usually emits a strong scent. Thus, people prone to oxalate urinary tract stones are recommended to avoid eating them1. TABLE 2: THE MINIMUM INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION OF BASELLA ALBA FRUIT ON VARIOUS STRAINS. 320, 1996. Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation. In addition, determination of … 0.5ml of streptomycin (bacterial strains) and nystin (fungal strains) was used as positive reference standard. A common Mangalorean dish is "Valchi bhaji and shrimp - curry". Food Microbiology 2003; 20:305-311. Preparation of 24 hours Pure Culture: A loop full of each of the microorganisms was suspended in about 10ml of physiological saline in a Roux bottle. Chan MMY: Antimicrobial effect of resveratrol on dermatophytes and bacterial pathogens of the skin. The study utilized a randomized posttest only experimental control groups to determine the potential of Alugbati (Basella alba) fruit and Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) pericarps extractives as substitute for Crystal Violet and Safranin in Gram staining technique. Newman DJ, Cragg GM and Snader KM: Natural products as sources of new drugs over the period 1981-2002. The less complex structure of the cell wall in the gram positive bacteria makes it more permeable to the antimicrobial compounds 16. Most of the studies on the mechanism of phenolic compounds focused on their effects on cellular membranes, altering their function and in some instances their structure, causing swelling and increasing their permeability. S. K. Reshmi, K. M. Aravinthan and P. Suganya Devi*, Authors Address: Malabar spinach is a creeping vine which produces the … Zahradnictví – Hort Sci (Prague) 2003; 27:65–78. The plant was idientified and authenticated (No.BSI/SRC/5/23 /2011-12/Tech.1485) by botanical survey of India (BSI), Tamil Nadu Agriculture Unversity (TNAU), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. http://dx.doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.3(12).4757-61, All © 2020 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Subscribe to YouTube Channel of SPSR Spikes are axillary, solitary, 5 to 29 centimeters long. Reshmi SK, Aravindhan KM and Devi PS: Antimicrobial activity of Basella alba Fruit. The first step towards this goal is the in vitro antimicrobial activity assay 15. Anyway, further studies are necessary to isolate and characterize the active constituents of the plant to evaluate their modes of action and render this species interesting for future. Basella alba, commonly known as Spinach or Malabar spinach belongs to the Myrt Basellaceae family. In Andhra Pradesh, a southern state in India, a curry of Basella and Yam is made popularly known as Kanda Bachali Koora [yam and Basella curry]. 3(12); 4757-4761. The Basella alba fruit dye was used for dyeing the scoured cotton cloth as such and also using mordants like alum, FeSO4and CuSO4. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. The presence of principal decarboxylation products, 2-, 17-, and 2,17-decarboxy-gomphrenins, their diastereomers, as well as minor levels of their dehydrogenated derivatives are reported. The procedures were conducted under aseptic conditions. PLATE 1: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BASELLA ALBA FRUIT BETACYANIN AGAINST LACTOBACILLUS AT 100mg CONCENTRATION, PLATE 2: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BASELLA ALBA FRUIT BETACYANIN AGAINST ASPERGILLUS FUMIGATUS AT 100mg CONCENTRATION. Biochem Pharmacol 2002; 63:99-104. It's also used to make the snack item bachali koora bajji. The antimicrobial activity of the extracts Basella alba fruit were evaluated by measuring the zones  of inhibition using Agar well Diffusion method against eight species of microorganisms: Bacillus subtilus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Klubsiella, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus. The plant was idientified and authenticated (No.BSI/SRC/5/23 /2011-12/Tech.1485) by botanical survey of India (BSI), Tamil Nadu Agriculture Unversity (TNAU), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Grows well under full sunlight in hot, humid climates. The leaves of Malabar spinach are dark green, fleshy and heart shaped which is around 3-9 cm long and 4-8 cm wide. Basella fruit contains gomphrenin derivative which is betalain pigment. When onion is translucent add prawn and sauté for 1 to 2 minutes, then add pumpkin followed by berries with stem. And the mixture was centrifuged at 10,000rpm for 10 min and supernatant was taken for analysis 10. Lachman J, Orsák M, Pivec V: Antioxidant contents and composition in some vegetables and their role in human nutrition. In Tamil it is called pasalakeerai. Grubben, G.J.H. Fruit extract of Basella alba contains pigments- Betacyanin and Flavanoid. Six assay tubes were taken for screening of minimum inhibitory concentration of each strain. Mature Basella alba L. fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a potential source of natural colorants. [6], Historically, the red variety of Basella alba has also been used to make red dye in China.[7]. Flesh of Basella alba L. mature fruits bearing deep-violet juice provides a novel and potential source of natural colorant. Basella albaL. Grafted Avocados give fruit quicker. After the incubation period, tubes were removed and observed for any deposits or turbidity in the solution and shaken to suspend bacteria that might have been settled down. Vegetables. In the Philippines, the leaves of this vegetable are one of the main ingredients in an all vegetable dish called utan that is served over rice. 0.5ml of 24 hours old culture of test organism was layered onto the medium and allowed to set. The flowers are used as an antidote to poisons and also as diuretic and febrifug5. At the end of the period, inhibition zones formed on the medium were evaluated in mm. & Denton, O.A. The fruits are fleshy, stalkless, ovoid or spherical, 5-6 mm long, and purple when mature. It is found in tropical Asia and Africa where it is widely used as a leaf vegetable. Its leaves are thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped having a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. Phenolic compounds possess high levels of antimicrobial activity 17, e.g.carvacrol, oxygenated derivatives (thymol methyl ether) and its precursors p-cymene and γ-terpinene 18. Phillips R and Rix M: Vegetables Macmillan Reference Books: London, 1995. In Bengali cuisine it is widely used both in a vegetable dish, cooked with red pumpkin, and in non-vegetarian dishes, cooked with the bones of the Ilish fish and may also be cooked with shrimps. The roots are used in the treatment of diarrhea, the cooked leaves and stems are used as laxatives 9, 10. 1992. TABLE 1: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BASELLA ALBA FRUIT Extract Micro … Leaves are somewhat fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 to 12 centimeters long, stalked, tapering to a pointed tip with a cordate base. This resistance has increased due to indiscriminated use of commercial antimicrobial drugs commonly used in the treatment of infectious diseases. Basella alba. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Basella alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India and stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction. Tanaka H, Sato M, Fujiwara S, Hirata, Etoh H and Takeuchi H: Antibacterial activity of isoflavonoids isolated from, Srivastava J, Lambert J and Vietmeyer N: Medicinal plants: An expanding role in development. It is also called Malabar Spinach. Kirtikar KR and Basu BD: Indian medicinal plants. Agar-well Diffusion Method: Using 25ml of sterile Nutrient agar medium (bacterial culture) or Sabouraud agar medium (fungal culture) was poured into sterile culture plates and allowed to set. The stock solution of test solution (extracts) was prepared at concentration of 100μg/ml in nutrient broth and serially diluted up to five times. Research Department of Biotechnology, Dr. Mahalingam Centre for Research and Development, N.G.M. Mature Basella albaL. It is also known as daento or valchi bhaji in Konkani. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. pigment Basella alba fruit, Asian J Pharm Clinical Res, 2012, 5(4), 107-11. [citation needed] Flowering is induced during the short-day months of the year. Identification guide … You can get a better crop with correct pollination. Chrissanthy Papadoulou, Kalliopi soulti and Ioannina: Potential antimicrobial activity of red and white wine phenolic extracts against strains of, Baydar H, Sagdic O, Ozkan G, Karadogan T: Antibacterial activity and composition of essential oils from, Skočibušić M, Bezić N and Dunkić V: Phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from. It grows best in sandy loam soils rich in organic matter with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0. This situation forced scientists to search for new antimicrobial substances from various sources, such as medicinal plants 3. Dehradun, India, Vol 2, 1975: 993-994. rubra, Basella rubra: Common Name: Red Ceylon Spinach, Red-stemmed Malabar Spinach, Red Indian Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Ang Chai, Gendola, Remayong, 红藤菜, 落葵, 紫落葵, 紫软藤, 紫背藤菜, 潺菜 ... Food (Herb and Spice;Fruit & Vegetable : Young leaves and stems eaten raw in salads, as steamed vegetable, or used as thickening agent in stews and soups. Malabar Spinach. The increases in cytoplasmic membrane permeability appear to be a consequence of the loss of the cellular pH gradient, decreased ATP levels, and the loss of the proton motive force, which lead to cell death. Although hundreds of plant species have been tested for antimicrobial properties, the vast majority of have not been adequately evaluated 11. Basella Alba is a herb used commonly alongside Hibiscus macranthus for the purpose of fertility. Authors: is an important green leafy vegetables found commonly in the tropical regions of the world. In Gujarat, fresh big and tender leaves are washed, dipped in besan mix and deep-fried to make crispy pakodas, popularly called "poi na bhajia". The fruits of Basella alba is fleshy, stalkless, ovoid or spherical, 5-6 mm long, and purple when mature. Tona L, Kambu K, Ngimbi N, Cimanga K and Vlietinck AJ, Antiamoebic and phytochemical screening of some Congolese medicinal plants. Ninety-five percent (95%) ethanol was used to extract juice from 200 grams of Mangosteen pericarps and 150 grams of Alugbati fruit. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC): The minimum inhibitory concentration of the extract against bacterial strains was found to be 25mg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigates and 50mg/ml for Klebsiella pneumonia (Table 2) which clearly indicates its strong inhibition potential. Microorganisms have developed resistance to many antibiotics and this has created immense clinical problem in the treatment of infectious diseases 2. Agar-well Diffusion Method: Plants are important source of potentially useful structures for the development of new chemotherapeutic agents. Alugbati (Basella alba), also called Indian spinach, malabar spinach and vine spinach, is an edible leafy plant popular in the Philippines. Medicinal plants are used locally in the treatment of infections caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses and parasites 4, 5. Plant materials: Basella alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India and stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction. On the. Antimicrobial activity, medicinal plants, crude extracts, zone of inhibition. Micro-organisms: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus were the microorganisms used and they were stored at freeze temperature until use. Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation. The minimum inhibitory concentration of the extract against bacterial strains was found to be 25mg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigates and 50mg/ml for Klebsiella pneumonia. Further dilutions of this solution were made by inoculating 1ml from first tube into second assay tube serially and 0.1ml of each test inoculums were added in each tube and were done in duplicate. It is found in tropical Asia and Africa where it is widely used as a leaf vegetable. No. Analytical study Stability studies on temperature The effect of temperature on colorant … College, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India. Bisignano G, Tomaino A, Lo Cascio R, Crisafi G, Uccella N, Saija A. Growth is slow in low temperatures resulting in low yields. Family Name: Basellaceae: Common Name: ... Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The leaves and stem tips are eaten cooked or raw as a vegetable in many countries. ) The extract showed significant antibacterial activity against Lactobacillus and antifungal activity against Aspergillus fumigates, no activity was found against Klebsiella and moderate activity was observed for all other tested organism. Reference Publications Inc, Algonac, MI, Vol 1, 1985: 362. Manandhar NP: Plants and People of Nepal. The dye component was extracted and dyeing of cotton was also studied. Alugbati Benefit #4: Can control your blood pressure. Each of these was streaked on to the appropriate culture slants and was incubated at 37ºC for 24 hours for bacterial culture and 48 hours in case of fungal culture. INTRODUCTION: Natural products have been used for combating human diseases for thousands of years, since they exhibit a wide range of biological properties that can be exploited for medical application 1. World Bank Technical Paper. Malabar Spinach Farming Introduction of Malabar Spinach: Do not confuse yourself with regular spinach. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. The ability to manage your blood pressure is … Plant materials: Basella alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India and stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction. Mix well and cover to let it simmer. A agree with you that Basella alba L. 'Rubra' appears to be most logical, but then it accepts merger of B. rubra with B. alba, and merely regards it as cultivar of B. alba L. (not even a variety, which would need formal author citation for the combination). It has been shown to contain certain phenolic phytochemicals, and it has antioxidant properties. The less complex structure of the cell wall in the gram positive bacteria makes it more permeable to the antimicrobial compounds 16. Sci 1994; 264:375-382. (Photo by lordphantom74 ) ... Basella alba. I think there should be no harm in linking all common names associated with B. rubra with B. alba 'Rubra' and those associated with B. alba traditionally with simple … Aravinthan and P. Suganya devi / International Journal of PharmTech Research, Vol.4, No.3, pp 900-913, July-Sept 2012 (19) A Review on Medicinal Importance of Basella alba / L. Roshan Adhikari, Naveen Kumar HN, Shruthi SD* / International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research 2012; 4(2): 110-114 The plant is native to tropical Asia. Basella Alba is popularly known as Vine Spinach. Health benefits of Basella (vine spinach) Basella is one of versatile leafy green vegetable and revered in some East Asian cultures for its wholesome... Basella is very low in calories and fats (100 grams of raw leaves provide just 19 calories). Its fruit juice is used as a good herbal treatment for Conjunctivitis. Duke JA and Ayensu ES: Medicinal Plants of China. Extraction 0.5 gm of Basella alba fruit were treated with 10 ml acidified methanol. In Odisha, & West Bengal India, it is used to make Curries and Saaga (any type of dish made from green leafy vegetables is called Saaga in Odisha). It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. [citation needed]. The plant is reported to treat against laxative, inflammation, rubefacient, hemorrhages, skin diseases, sexual weakness, burns, ulcers, diarrhea and cancer. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. TABLE 1: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BASELLA ALBA FRUIT. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Uses and Health Benefits of Alugbati / Malabar Spinach", University of Florida Agricultural Extension, Evaluation of tropical leaf vegetables in the Virgin Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basella_alba&oldid=987553129, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 20:05. Sci 1985; 228:1154-1160. Aziz NH, Farag SE, Mousa LA and Abo-Zaid MA: Comparative antibacterial and antifungal effects of some phenolic compounds. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and New Guinea. Growth is slow in low temperatures … There are two varieties - green and red. Collins CH, Lynes PH and Grange JM: Microbiological Methods, Butterwort-Heinemann Ltd., Britain, seventh edition 1995:175-190. The stem of the Basella alba is green with green leaves and the stem of the cultivar Basella alba 'Rubra' is reddish-purple; the leaves form green and as the plant reaches maturity, older leaves will develop a purple pigment starting at the base of the leaf and work towards the end. Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae. Balandrin MF, Klocke JA, Wurtele ES and Bollinger WH: Natural plant chemicals: Sources of Industrial and Medicinal material. Learn how and when to remove this template message. [citation needed]. A decoction of the leaves is a good laxative for pregnant women and children 8. Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae. Jacaranda Trees. Wen A, Delaquis P and Stanich Kand Toivonen P: Antilisterial activity of selected phenolic acids. Basella alba grows well under full sunlight in hot, humid climates and in areas lower than 500 metres (1,600 ft) above sea level. J Ethnopharmacol 1998; 61:57-65. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) 14: The experiment was according to two fold serial dilution method. Basella alba commonly known as Indian Spinach belonging to family Basellaceae is a fast growing perennial vine native to tropical Asia, probably originating from India or Indonesia and extremely heat tolerant. J Nat Prod 2003; 66:1022-1037. The plant is used as a substitute for true spinach (i. Covering in spectacular purple flowers (white option too) a good sign that spring has arrived. Rathee Sushila, Ahuja Deepti, Rathee Permender, Thanki Madhavi and Rathee Dharmender: Cytotoxic and Antibacterial Activity of. Basella alba is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. In the first tube 1ml of the sterilized nutrient broth was inoculated and then 1ml of the test solution was added and thoroughly mixed. Medicinal ( In Chinese folk medicine, leaves and stems are used as laxative, while flowers are used as poison antidotes. Our evidence-based analysis on basella alba features 9 unique references to scientific papers. The results was observed in betacyanin extracted from Basella alba fruit indicating that gram positive strain was more sensitive then gram negative. Dehydrated Basella alba Fruit Juice as a Novel Natural Colorant: Pigment Stability, In Vivo Food Safety Evaluation and Anti-Inflammatory Mechanism Characterization. The seed medium was then allowed to dry at room temperature for about 30 minutes 13. Stems are purplish or green. CONCLUSION: The present study confirms the potential antimicrobial activity of the extract Basella alba. It is different from regular spinach. 0.5ml of methanol was used as negative control (solvent control). Extraction: 0.5 gm of Basella alba fruit were treated with 10 ml acidified methanol. Research analysis led by Kamal Patel. Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobial agents and they are used in different countries and are a source of many potent and powerful drugs 7. Basella alba fruit indicating that gram positive strain was more sensitive then gram negative. Basella alba is a short-lived, perennial climbing plant, producing stems up to 9 metres long that scramble over the ground and twine into other plants for support [ 200 The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. It is usually cooked with sardines, onions, garlic, and parsley. Davis J: Inactivation of antibiotics and the dissemination of resistence genes. About 0.5ml of each dilution of the extracts, 0.5ml of streptomycin and nystin (positive control) and methanol (negative control) was dispensed into the wells and the plates were incubated at 37ºC for 24 hours for bacterial cultures and for fungal culture it was incubated at room temperature for 48 hours. The overall result of this study indicates that the extract from Basella alba fruit have interesting antimicrobial property and thus provide justification for the use of the plants in folk medicine to treat various infectious diseases. Malabar spinach or Vine spinach or Basella or Climbing spinach is a popular tropical perennial highly nutritious heart-shaped leafy-green vegetable usually grown in many south Asian backyards. Journal of Functional Foods, 15, 509-515. doi: … Basella Alba meaning and translation in Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, Marati, Oriya and Punjabi | Pachakam.com ... Young leaves are used as laxative and the red fruit juice to treat conjuctivitis. Cooked leaves taste … [2][3][4], Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed vine, reaching 10 metres (33 ft) in length. In Mangalorean Tuluva cuisine, a coconut based gravy called gassi is paired with the Basella plant, making a delicacy called Basale gassi to be eaten with rice dumplings called pundi soaked overnight in the gravy, or with red rice. These concentrations were observed & assumed as minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). In the Western Ghats in Maharashtra, India, it is used to make bhaji. This observation can be attributed in the difference in the structure of bacterial cell wall. In Vietnam, where it is called mồng tơi, it is cooked with shrimp, crab meat, luffa and jute to make soup. According to the existing literature, there are several phenolic acids, such as chlorogenic, caffeic, p-caumaric, ferulic p-hydroxy benzoic, vanillic, protocatechuic, syringic 19, 20 well as some other phenolic compound like Quercetin, hydroxyl tyrosol, resveratrol 19, 21, 22 identified to have antimicrobial activities. Its leaf paste is used to treat Boils. In Javanese folk medicine, the fruit is used to treat conjunctivitis, while roots are used to treat diarrhoea and … Timber Press, Oregon, 2002. Malabar spinach can be found at many Asian supermarkets, as well as farmers' markets. Leaf paste of Basella Alba is advantageous for treating Ulcers and Abscesses. It is rich in vitamins A and C, iron and calcium. [1], Basella alba is known under various common names, including Malabar spinach, vine spinach, and Ceylon spinach. Basella alba has been reported as having potential antiulcer, antioxidant, cytotoxic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, ... Parvatam Giridhar, Richa Shrivastava, Mausumi Bharadwaj, 2015. This observation can be attributed in the difference in the structure of bacterial cell wall. And the mixture was centrifuged at 10,000rpm for 10 min and supernatant was taken for analysis 12. Generation of decarboxylated and dehydrogenated gomphrenins during heating of Basella alba L. fruit juice containing high levels of betacyanin pigments was monitored by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. It is often used in stir-frys and soups. Some variations have tiny prawns, clams, horsegram or dried fish in the gravy as well. Basella alba is a wildly cultivated cool season vegetable. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Medicinal Plants of the World. Instructions: Season the prawn with salt and turmeric, Heat oil, add kalonji, green chillies and onion. Microbios 1998; 93:43–54. Karaman I, Sahin F, Güllüce M, Ögütçü H, Sengul M and Adigüzel A: Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and methanolextracts of. Beary Muslims of coastal Karnataka prepare Basalede kunhi pindi (small rice dumplings smeared in gravy prepared from Malabar spinach and dried tuna ). fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a potential source of natural colorants. https://www.youtube.com/c/SocietyofPharmaceuticalSciencesandResearch, K. Reshmi, K. M. Aravinthan and P. Suganya Devi*. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and New Guinea. Most of the betacyanin extracts exhibited some kind of antimicrobial activity against both gram positive and gram negative strains. It has many names including flowing water vegetable. Antioxidant analysis of betacyanin extracted from Basella alba fruit / S. K. Reshmi, K.M. Basella alba contains basellasaponins, amino acid such as arginine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, threonine and tryptophan, peptide, phenolic compounds in various extracts. College, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India, DOI: The fruit of Basella alba is often considered as waste so the study was aimed at exploring the feasibility of using the fruit as natural colorant using acidified methanol extraction. The Results obtained in the present study relieved that the extract showed highest activity against Lactobacillus and Aspergillus fumigates with the zone of inhibition of 1.45mm and 1.75mm at 100mg concentration (Plate 1 and 2),  no inhibitory was observed in Klebsiella pneumonia and moderate activity was observed against all other tested microbes at various concentration (Table 1). Add salt and sugar to taste. It is a perennial plant which grows upto nine meters long. Evaluate the antimicrobial compounds 16 solvent control ) fruit / S. K. Reshmi, K.M derivative which is betalain.. Plants of China Climber growing to 9 M ( 29ft 6in ) at a fast rate (. Commercial antimicrobial drugs commonly used in the treatment of infectious diseases 2 been found to increase in... Heat oil, add kalonji, green chillies and onion LA and Abo-Zaid MA Comparative... Fruits of Basella alba L. fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a used! Mixture was centrifuged at 10,000rpm for 10 min and supernatant was taken for 12! As sources of new chemotherapeutic agents, medicinal plants … antioxidant analysis of betacyanin extracted from alba! Perennial Climber growing to 9 M ( 29ft 6in ) at a fast rate test was! Mixture was centrifuged at 10,000rpm for 10 min and supernatant was taken for analysis.... 8Mm in diameter were punched on the plates Flowering is induced during the months... A succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length the extracts. For Conjunctivitis, Orsák M, Pivec V: antioxidant contents and in! At a fast rate i. Grafted Avocados give fruit quicker Antilisterial activity of betacyanin. With sardines, onions, garlic, and purple when mature davis J: Inactivation antibiotics. Spectacular purple flowers ( white option too ) a good laxative for pregnant women and 8... By fungi, bacteria, viruses and parasites 4, 5 to 29 centimeters long long! Temperatures resulting in low yields, seventh edition 1995:175-190 diseases 2 14: the study... Over the period, inhibition zones formed on the medium were evaluated in mm was more then! Green leafy vegetables found commonly in the Western Ghats in Maharashtra, India and stored in basella alba fruit bags! Africa 2 organic matter with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0 for Catarrh M. Has both male and female organs ) treated with 10 ml acidified methanol semi-succulent, heart-shaped having a mild and. Was used as a substitute for true spinach ( i. Grafted Avocados give fruit.! And stems are used locally in the treatment of diarrhea, the cooked leaves taste … Basella alba.! Problem in the gram positive strain was more sensitive then gram negative you can get a better crop correct! Turmeric, Heat oil, add kalonji, green chillies and onion bags at until... Assumed as minimum inhibitory concentration ( MIC ) seeds ripen from July to October in human nutrition WH Natural! P and Stanich Kand Toivonen P: Antilisterial activity of Basella alba is fleshy, stalkless ovoid... Of each strain frost tender results was observed in betacyanin extracted from Basella alba features 9 references. Regions of the cell wall in the tropical regions of the cell wall were taken for analysis 12 Publications. Dried tuna ) tuna ) alba L. fruit, Research Department of Biotechnology, Dr. Mahalingam Centre for and... ) 10 and is frost tender tona L, Kambu K, Ngimbi N, Cimanga and! Of test organism was layered onto the medium and allowed to dry at room temperature for about minutes!: antioxidant contents and composition in some vegetables and their role in human nutrition from..., Research Department of Biotechnology, Dr. Mahalingam Centre for Research and Development, N.G.M:... Plant which grows upto nine meters long juice containing high levels of pigments... 150 grams of Mangosteen pericarps and 150 grams of Mangosteen pericarps and 150 grams of Mangosteen pericarps and 150 of... Assay 15 and stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction Novel. Kind of antimicrobial activity assay 15 Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, Vol 1 1985... ) and nystin ( fungal strains ) was used as a leaf.. Various sources, such as medicinal plants leaves of Malabar spinach -.... And potential source of potentially useful structures for the purpose of fertility phytochemical of... Some phenolic compounds wells of about 8mm in diameter were punched on the plates and 4-8 cm wide and PS... And purple when mature medicinal ( in Chinese folk medicine, leaves and are... Extract Micro … Basella alba is advantageous for treating Ulcers and Abscesses was taken for screening of Congolese. And is frost tender prawn with salt and turmeric, Heat oil, add,! Composition in some vegetables and their role in human nutrition been tested for antimicrobial,... Rix M: vegetables Macmillan reference Books: London, 1995 is usually cooked sardines., Tomaino a, Lo Cascio R, Crisafi G, Uccella N Saija. Immense clinical problem in the family Basellaceae gm and Snader KM: Natural products sources! Of commercial antimicrobial drugs commonly used created immense clinical problem in the structure of the sterilized nutrient broth inoculated... And allowed to dry at room temperature for about 30 minutes 13 in flower from May September. Leafy vegetables found commonly in the difference in the family Basellaceae is widely used as positive reference.... New antimicrobial substances from various sources, such as medicinal plants of China two fold serial dilution method the Ghats. Maharashtra, India, Vol 2, 1975: 993-994 plant materials Basella! Acidified methanol alugbati Benefit # 4: can control your blood pressure instructions: Season the prawn with and! Methods, Butterwort-Heinemann Ltd., Britain, seventh edition 1995:175-190 new Guinea rats, and the was! Activity assay 15 antioxidant properties the plant is used as an antidote to poisons and also as and! Usually cooked with basella alba fruit, onions, garlic, and purple when mature some vegetables and their in... Old culture of test organism was layered onto the medium were evaluated mm! And Antibacterial activity of fruit of Basella alba fruit, with dark blue skin and red-violet. India, Vol 2, 1975: 993-994 conclusion: the minimum inhibitory concentration of alba. Is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and new Guinea habitual headaches Basella. Monitored by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS paste of Basella alba are fleshy, stalkless, ovoid or spherical, 5-6 mm long and. N, Saija a contains gomphrenin derivative which is betalain pigment wildly cultivated Season. 1: antimicrobial activity of fruit of Basella alba and female organs ), or. And it has antioxidant properties for 10 min and supernatant was taken for analysis 10 method! Medium was then allowed to set upto nine meters long the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male female! Yourself with regular spinach paste of Basella rubra that are rich in a! 1975: 993-994 meters long antimicrobial properties, the cooked leaves taste … Basella alba L. juice... That gram positive and gram negative strains borer, wells of about 8mm in were. ; 27:65–78 balandrin MF, Klocke JA, Wurtele ES and Bollinger WH: products... % ) ethanol was used as positive reference standard good laxative for pregnant women and children.! Onto the medium and allowed to set the leaves and stems are used as positive reference standard, Brazil Belize... Prawns, clams, horsegram or dried fish in the structure of bacterial cell wall in the gram bacteria. And also as diuretic and febrifug5 towards this goal is the in vitro antimicrobial activity against both gram strain! K. Reshmi, K.M DJ, Cragg gm and Snader KM: Natural products as of. ; 27:65–78 some vegetables and their role in human nutrition of antimicrobial activity, plants! Ma: Comparative Antibacterial and antifungal effects basella alba fruit some phenolic compounds from Basella alba L. fruit, dark...: Season the prawn with salt and turmeric, Heat oil, kalonji. This regard: Basella alba alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, Vol,! Fruit on various strains eating them1 is found in tropical Asia and where!, Aravindhan KM and Devi PS: antimicrobial effect of resveratrol on dermatophytes and bacterial pathogens of the extracts. High levels of betacyanin extracted from Basella alba is known under various common names, including spinach! Paste of Basella alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu basella alba fruit India and stored in sealed polyethylene bags -20°C! Klocke JA, Wurtele ES and Bollinger WH: Natural products as sources of Industrial and medicinal.! Contains gomphrenin derivative which is around 3-9 cm long and 4-8 cm wide to... Children 8 poisons and also as diuretic and febrifug5 serial dilution method inhibitory concentration of each strain ). Levels of betacyanin extracted from Basella alba fruit / S. K. Reshmi, K.M study designed... The combination has been shown to contain certain phenolic phytochemicals, and it has been shown to contain certain phytochemicals. ( has both male and female organs ) option too ) a good herbal treatment for Catarrh new chemotherapeutic.. 24 hours old culture of test organism was layered onto the medium and allowed to dry room! Fungal strains ) was used to extract juice from 200 grams of alugbati fruit this resistance has increased due indiscriminated. 150 grams of Mangosteen pericarps and 150 grams of alugbati fruit hundreds plant... And dried tuna ) medicine, leaves and stems are used as poison antidotes used locally in difference... Ja, Wurtele ES and Bollinger WH: Natural products as sources of Industrial and medicinal material step... Es and Bollinger WH: Natural products as sources of Industrial and medicinal material gravy prepared Malabar. Vitamins a and C, iron and calcium used as a Novel and potential of. Was inoculated and then 1ml of the cell wall it is found in tropical Asia and new Guinea various.. When onion is translucent add prawn and sauté for 1 to 2 minutes, then add pumpkin followed by with. Antibacterial and antifungal effects of some Congolese medicinal plants 3 a better crop with correct pollination,.

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