Undoubtedly, both of these religions were in favor of Ahimsa but there was a lot of difference in the degree of its applicability. Gautama Buddha had no intention to establish a new religion. Right from Ancient Indian History, we can see these religions have flourished in India. In Hinduism, the form of the caste system was very rigid. pursue. (4) Soul: Buddhists do not believe in the existence of soul whereas Jainism believes the existence of soul in every living being. Jainism doctrine sayings- Jainism believe about salvation comparative study between buddhism and Jainism: definition meaning by Vijay Kumar...The Man who Realized God in 1993! 6. Thus, while Jainism describes Nirvana as freedom from body. Along with Hinduism and Buddhism, Jainism is one of the three ancient religious traditions and an integral part of South Asian belief and practice. But Buddha always kept mum on the question of God. Buddha advised his followers to follow the middle path in order to attain salvation. For the Buddhist, enlightenment is obtained through practice of the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. In Jainism, Nirvana means the end of human life, but in Buddhism Nirvana stands for true knowledge which enables man to free himself from the bondage of life and the cycle of birth and death. Buddhism developed out of Hinduism in the sixth century B.C. According to Jainism, salvation is possible only after death while according to Buddhism it is possible during one’s own life if one is able to detach oneself completely from the worldly existence. But the followers of Buddhism, whether Hinayana or Mahayana cover their bodies with suitable clothes. Both encouraged the idea of giving up the world and urged to lead the life of an ascetic. Quiet a lot of similarities between Buddhism and Jainism were found though some major differences exited as they branched out as independent religions in pursuit of salvation. 8. They could neither read nor listen to the religious Scriptures. that said, you can be an atheist and be … Salvation in Buddhism. To reach Nirvana you must follow the Noble Eightfold Path. 15. Both denied the authenticity of the Vedas as an infallible authority. Dissimilarities Between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Both were started by the members of the Kshatriya caste and both appealed to the socially down-trodden, the Vaishvas who were not granted social status corresponding to their growing economic power, and the Sudras who were definitely oppressed. 3. According to the dual doctrines of karma and reincarnation, salvation comes by human effort. But the Buddha denounced the futility of both. Though there were many similarities and comparisons between Jainism and Buddhism, yet they differ from each other in many respects. If the followers of Hinduism also established such an organization, Hinduism must have flourished. View of Salvation In Jainism and Hinduism salvation is the ultimate freedom from the cycle of life, death, and rebirth. For a Buddhist salvation is reaching Nirvana. The followers of Hinduism believed that in case a man intended to attain salvation, he should perform animal sacrifices and Yajnas according to the rituals. Therefore, Monier Williams is right in his conclusion when he writes, “Buddhism and Jainism were not related to each other as parent and child rather as children of common parents, born at different intervals though at about the same period of time and marked by distinct characteristics, though possessing strong family resemblances.”, Ancient Period, Comaparison, Indian History, Jainism and Buddhism, Religious Movements. 2. It explains the bad karma as the cause of suffering while good karma leads to salvation. They were regarded as Budva. Buddhism proved more adaptable to circumstances as compared to Jainism. Jainism never spread beyond the frontiers of India while Buddhism spread over distant countries of Asia. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Thus, there is no doubt that Jainism and Buddhism were and still are two distinct and independent religious sects. There are many similarities and dissimilarities between these religions. Both emphasized Ahimsa or non-violence. Salvation in Hinduism and Buddhism Almost every religion in the world promises some kind of happily ever after, a way to attain eternal happiness. But, while Jainism is still a living force in India Buddhism has practically vanished from the land of its birth. Hinduism had a deep faith in animal sacrifices and Yajnas. RUDI MAIER In religion, salvation is the concept that God or another Higher Power “saves” humanity from spiritual death or eternal damnation by provid-ing for them an eternal life (or some form of afterlife). While Jainism emphasized it very much, Buddhism remained liberal in its interpretation in foreign countries, and even permitted eating of animal flesh where it was a necessity or traditional diet of the people. Thus, both Jainism and Buddhism were protestant religious movements. Both of them preached their teachings in the spoken language and the Sanskrit language began to lose its importance. Mahavira and Buddha were contemporaries and there was much in common between Buddhism and Jainism. Both accepted the doctrines of the transmigration of soul and Karma and emphasized the effects of good and bad Karmas (deeds) upon an individual’s future births and ultimate salvation which was accepted as the highest goal of life. 12. Jainism believes that everything in nature, even stone and water, has a soul of its own. Thus both religions lay stress upon attaining salvation. The Buddhist monks preached their religion in a systematic way, and spread their religion far and wide. Jainism stressed on Non-violence (That is why Jain colleges do not have Bi.P.C. But Buddha never recommended such self-sufferings or fasting for a long time. Buddhism emphasized the organisation of Sanghas more as compared to Jainism. The dissimilarities between Jainism and Buddhism are as follows: Jainism believes in fasts and self-mortification. They paid their attention to the purity and piety of mind, action, and speech. But Gautama Buddha preached equality of all mankind. Salvation is achieved through three basic ingredients: right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct (also called the three jewels or the three fold path of liberation) The path to salvation, is compared in Jaina works to a ladder with its two side poles and the central rungs forming the steps. The Aryans use to take meat but it was considered a sin to kill an animal in Buddhism. The missionary spirit of the monks proved advantageous for the spread of Buddhism. The Jain monks did not have as much missionary zeal as was possessed by the Buddhist monks. Jainism vs buddhism ethical pillars of Jainism Jainism and ahimsa Jainism believe about god! Authority of Dalai Lama: Dalai Lamas are tulkus of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. Neither of the religions looked favorably on a man of bad conduct and of abusive language. Buddhism describes it as destruction of the self or detachment from worldly existence. They always discouraged the performance of expensive animal sacrifices and Yajnas. 13. Both possessed the background of the Aryan culture and were inspired by the ascetic ideals and the philosophy of the Upanishads, particularly that of Sankhya-Yoga. Because of striking resemblances between the two, certain scholars have opined that Jainism owes its origin to Buddhism or Jainism is only a branch of Buddhism. The concept of Ahimsa (non-violence) is different in Buddhism as compared to Jainism. However, it is worth to mention that these religion lives in harmony, peace, and respect each culture. 7. 12. Even in Atheist Buddhism salvation exists, and although it's different from Christian salvation it's very similar to Hindu moksha or liberation, where you reach nirvana/parabrahman or the highest state of consciousness. He stressed the notion that man himself is the maker of his destiny and God plays no part in the attainment of Moksha. Buddhism is a polytheistic religion and it's main goal is to gain enlightenment. The Buddha condemned the worship of images. Excessive importance was accorded to Brahmins. Hinduism is also based on such principles. Jainism does not condemn the varna system while Buddhism does. According to Jainism, salvation is possible only after death while according to Buddhism it is possible during one’s own life if one is able to detach oneself completely from the worldly existence. Jainism “Sal-vation… However, Lord Buddha adopted the spoken language as the medium of his preaching and all the Buddhist literature was written in Pali. According to Lord Buddha, the Vedas do not play any role in the attainment of Moksha. Following liberation one's jiva ascends to the apex of the universe to join other siddhas. Hinduism is a vast religion. 2. Hinduism did not have any such organization. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation. Jainism came into prominence in 6th century B.C., when Lord Mahavirapropagated the religion. Both emerged in eastern India which by that time had successfully retained some features of the pre-Aryan culture. That is why, while Mahavira has been regarded as a reformer of an already existing religion, the Buddha has been regarded the originator of a new one. Both preached their religion in the common language of the people and discarded Sanskrit as the language of their early religious texts. Nothing from birth to death could be done without the help of a Brahmin. But Buddhism adopted animal sacrifice with great force. group), whereas Hinduism was based on sacrifices. When the seeker for ‘liberation’ attains this goal (through ascetic practices, good deeds, righteous actions, ceremonies, sacrifices, pilgrimages and contemplation), he then begins […] N/A. Thus we see that Buddhism and Jainism were two independent religions in spite of some similarities and dissimilarities. The theory of Karma was subscribed to by both religions. 14. Therefore, conflicts between Jainism and Hinduism were negligible while Buddhism and Hinduism challenged each other and proved rivals to each other. Gautama Buddha always maintains silence over the question or inquiry about the existence of God, but Mahavira Swami rejected the existence of God, and never believed that he is the Creator, Omnipotent and Omnipresent, and controls the entire universe. The superiority of the Vedas was not accepted by either of the founders. This partly explains the reason of their common place of origin and publicity’. Jainism is also a polytheistic religion and it's goals are based on non-violence and liberation the soul. Buddhism was merely an offshoot of Hinduism. Statement of the Problem Jainism and Buddhism are two different religions from the same sub-continent of India and emerged during the same period. Though both did not attack the caste system, they were opposed to it and therefore, drew large converts from the lower strata of the society. Both Buddhism and Jainism religion gave no significance to the Vedas and Sanskrit language. The similarities and the distinctions between the two are as follows: 1. Jainism is a much more ancient religion as compared to Buddhism. Buddhism emphasized love to all beings which is a more positive virtue as compared to the concept of non-injury to all beings of Jainism. Nirvana is a transcendental, blissful, spiritual state of nothingness--you become a Buddha. The Aryans and the Buddhists, both repose faith in the transmigration of soul and rebirth, which concept is based on the theory of Karma. Sikhism - Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Buddhism began as a way to address the suffering that exists in the world, and was not overly-focused on ultimate salvation. Salvation has been termed the major theme of the Bible (Selman and Manser 2002: s.v. 9. Both Buddhism and Jainism religions gave no significance to the Vedas and Sanskrit language. Salvation (from Latin: salvatio, from salva, 'safe, saved') is the state of being saved or protected from harm or a dire situation. Salvation cannot be attained by killing others. Jainism believed in the transmigration of soul i.e. Buddhism prescribes a middle path while Jainism advocates its followers to live the life of complete austerity. Both of them preached their teachings in the spoken language and the Sanskrit language began t0 lose its importance. The Jains consider it a virtue to face self-imposed suffering. They were neither impediments nor helpful in the way to salvation. The Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path are the best means to minimize the negative effects of karma and work for salvation. In Jainism, Nirvana means the end of human life, but in Buddhism Nirvana stands for true knowledge which enables man to free himself from the bondage of life and the cycle of birth and death. A man owns efforts and good Karmas help him in achieving salvation. In Hinduism there are different ways it has been laid down to find salvation by many religious preachers. 5. Though Jainism and Buddhism resembled each other very much, yet, there were and are distinctions between the two as follows: 1. Neither of the religions suggests cruel treatment and behavior towards the followers of other religions. Means of salvation: Hinduism - Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds. Buddhism does not believe so. Hindus never acted like fanatics and allowed other religions to flourish. Of course, there are similarities between the two but the basic difference between the philosophies of the two provides each of them a place of distinct religion. The amazing, eye-opening and shocking truth about how to go to heaven! 4. The chief aim of human life is to attain Moksha by following the ethical code and leading a virtuous life. The early Buddhist-texts were written in Pali and Jaina texts were written in Prakrat. 4. People belonging to the Swetambara sect of Jainism wear white clothes, while the Digambaras accepted nudity. The Buddha strictly prohibited his followers from harming or injuring living beings. Jainism, Indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence (ahimsa, literally ‘non-injury’) to all living creatures. Hinduism and Buddhism both believe in the theory of Karma and rebirth. Buddhism is centered upon the life and teachings of Gautama Buddha, whereas Jainism is centered on the life and teachings of Mahavira. As Hinduism was becoming rigid day by day, people began to hate the bloody Yajnas and religious dogmas. No Belief in Animal Sacrifices and the Yajnas. Salvation for a Hindu is called Moksha. Therefore they could not work for the spread of their religion systematically. In Jainism, it is up to each individual to attain salvation – defined as release from the cycle of rebirth and death (samsara) - by adhering to a strict spiritual and ethical code of behavior. The Buddha always emphasizes that this life and the next rest on our Karmas. 11. Both religions were, later on, divided into two sects. V.A. Both opposed the ritualism and the sacrifices of Brahmanism and also challenged the supremacy of the Brahmanas. Buddhism does not have any faith in the existence of Soul whereas Jainism believes that the soul exists in every living being. The Jaina concept of soul is different from that of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha condemned the caste system, and he put his faith in the equality of mankind. There are four ways to Moksha: 1. (3) Ahimsa : Though both emphasise the principle of Ahimsa, yet Jainism is more strict in this connection. Hence good deeds should be performed to attained salvation. Both religions laid stress on leading a pure and sacred life. Both, Mahavira and Buddha, the founders of Jainism and Buddhism respectively were Kshatriya princes and were able to get support for their cause from the contemporary ruling class, different Kshatriya rulers and economically prosperous Vaishvas. Both Jainism and Hinduism have three paths to salvation; the path of action, the path of knowledge, and the path of devotion. They are cultural figures and are independent of the doctrinal basis of Buddhism. TOS4. But the views expressed above have not been accepted by modern scholars. Jainism believed in non-violence in thought, word, and deed, but Buddhism did not follow it to such an extreme. Buddhism is a polytheistic religion and it's main goal is to gain enlightenment. Both religions had divergent opinions about the existence of God. Learn about the comparison between Jainism and Buddhism. The organization of the Buddhist Sangha was far better than that of the Jain Sangha. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Smith writes, “The two systems whether regarded as philosophies or religions are essentially different.” They even proved rivals to each other during and after the lifetime of their founders. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, 6 Important Teachings of Mahavira | Jainism, Top 7 Contributions of Jainism | Indian History, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. google.com, pub-8797934119967996, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0, Comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The entire Hindu society was very miserable. 8. The man reaps what he sows. Both believed that Nirvana or salvation of an individual meant his or her deliverance from the eternal chain of birth and death. During the comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism we came across many similarities and dissimilarities. They had no idols of their gods and goddesses to worship. These similarities make it all the more clear that Buddhism was not a new faith but an offshoot of Hinduism. 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