Gógan, The Ardagh Chalice. The Ardagh Chalice is part of a hoard that also contains the much-celebrated Tara Brooch. Treasures of early Irish art, 1500 B.C. The Ardagh Chalice is a superb and ornate example of early medieval Irish liturgical metalwork, dating from around the 9 th century. A Clonmacnoise origin is not mentioned at the National Museum of Ireland website.[4]. Omissions? It is likely that the Ardagh Chalice formed part of the treasury of some early Irish church or monastery, until it was disestablished and the cup was concealed for safekeeping. This Irish love of complexity is everywhere on the Ardagh chalice. Thus, the chalice is thought to date from the first half of the 8th century. For those of you who havent it is a stunning two-handled chalice discovered in the nineteenth century near the village of Ardagh Co Limerick. to 1500 A.D. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ardagh_Hoard&oldid=989145814, Treasure troves in the Republic of Ireland, Collection of the National Museum of Ireland, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The chalice is similar to the only other major early Irish example to survive, the Derrynaflan Chalice, found in the neighbouring County Tipperary. Illustrations. The upper rim is of brass, much decayed and split from some local action on that particular kind of alloy. Corrections? The combination of silver, bronze and gold coupled with the artistic and technical expertise evident in its design, which are thought to be, quite literally, centuries ahead of their time ensure that The Ardagh Chalice remains the most celebrated of Ireland’s historical artifacts. The Ardagh Chalice is one of the finest masterpieces of the Early Christian Church. Flanagan remained in Ireland and is buried in the Pauper's Graveyard in Newcastle West. Another well-known example of Irish ecclesiastical metalwork, the Moylough belt-reliquary is also decorated in a similar manner. They discovered the chalice, a silver paten, a hoop probably used as a stand for the paten, and a liturgical strainer inside a large overturned bronze bowl. The Ardagh Hoard, best known for the Ardagh Chalice, is a hoard of metalwork from the 8th and 9th centuries. Its discovery helped to fuel the Celtic Arts Revival movement in Victorian England. Ardagh Chalice, large, two-handled silver cup, decorated with gold, gilt bronze, and enamel, one of the best-known examples of Irish ecclesiastical metalwork. Ajouré Jewellery Cuttack Tarakasi Silver Filigree of Karimnagar The chalice ranks with the Book of Kells as one of the finest known works of Insular art, indeed of Celtic art in general, and is thought to have been made in the 8th century AD. The Ardagh Chalice is undoubtedly one of the most prized examples of eighth century metalwork in existence today. According to the art historian Lawrence Stone (writing before the discovery of the Derrynaflan Hoard): "Here the Irish artist has shown a capacity for classical restraint by a deliberate decision to prevent the ornamentation from spreading so copiously as to blur the proportions... contrasting markedly with the lavish ornamental spread of the almost contemporary Tara Brooch and the still more elaborate systems of the later period. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the various parts, no less than 354 in number, gold, silver, bronze, brass, copper and lead, are used. There, they discovered the Ardagh Hoard: a beautiful silver and gold chalice, a stemmed copper-alloy cup, and four brooches, all from the 8th or 9th centuries AD. Studs set with coloured enamels are arranged at intervals amid the filigree decoration, which combines interlaced animal forms and spirals with repeating abstract patterns. Henninger's in Cleveland offers Church Goods, Religious Books and Gifts, Clergy Shirts, Vestments, Communion Hosts, Stained Glass Windows, Used Church Supplies, Church Goods Refinishing and more. Image republished with permission from photographer Ken Quail. It was discovered in 1868, together with a small bronze cup and four brooches, in a potato field in Ardagh, County Limerick, Ire. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It was sold to George Butler, Catholic Bishop of Limerick, by Quin's mother. Everything from engravings, animals, interlaced patterns, and Greek bands feature in the design as well as exquisite ornamentation, known as repouseé and filigree wirework. Their spade struck something metallic, and that’s how they made this discovery, which is on … Updates? While many artifacts found in this medieval hoard are beautiful pieces, the Ardagh Chalice is up with the Book of Kells when it comes to the most impressive artifacts in Irish history. An 8th Century CE silver liturgical chalice found in near Ardagh in County Limerick, Ireland.The bowl and foot of the chalice is made of silver, and it is decorated with gold, amber, glass and enamel.Part of the Ardagh Hoard. The Ardagh Chalice Inside the Chalice, there were four brooches, a wooden cross and a bit smaller bronze chalice used for some spiritual services. Welcome to the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin & Castlebar covering Archaeology, Decorative Arts, Folk & Country Life, & Natural History.FREE Exhibitions The chalice is a large, two-handled silver cup, decorated with gold, gilt bronze, brass, lead pewter and enamel, which has been assembled from 354 separate pieces; this complex construction is typical of early Christian Irish metalwork. The width across its rim is 7.5 inches (190 mm). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Until the 17th century, political power in Ireland was shared among small earldoms. Its use commemorates the cup used by Jesus at the Last Supper. With the chalice bearing an uncanny resemblance to the well known Ardagh Chalice, which was found not too far away in county Limerick, Webb knew he had hit the jackpot. The decorative detail on the Ardagh Chalice is the most important aspect of it, and makes it the most beautiful Irish artefact ever to have been discovered. The hoard was found in late September 1868 by two boys, Jim Quin and Paddy Flanagan, digging in a potato field on the south-western side of a rath (ring fort) called Reerasta, beside the village of Ardagh, County Limerick, Ireland. … Two Gaelic Athletic Association trophies are modelled on the Chalice: the O'Duffy Cup and the Sam Maguire Cup. The chalice is part of the ‘Ardagh Hoard’ found in 1868 by two boys digging in a potato field near the village of Ardagh in county Limerick, Ireland. Techniques used include hammering, engraving, lost-wax casting, filigree applique, cloisonné and enamel. The Ardagh Hoard, best known for the Ardagh Chalice, is a hoard of metalwork from the 8th and 9th centuries. It was found near Ardagh, Co Limerick in the 19th century by a boy digging potatoes. Developments that sprang from the transition from paganism to Christianity, and the foreign and native influences that produced a Golden Age of Irish art and craftsmanship from the late seventh to early ninth centuries AD are highlighted. It is elaborately ornamented with designs in metal and enamel; and, judging from its shape and from its admirable workmanship, it was probably made some short time before the tenth century. Dating from the 9th century CE, it resembles the Ardagh Chalice in shape and design. The first gallery is arranged chronologically, exploring the development of Irish art from the Iron Age to the twelfth century AD. Jenny Snook explains. Unlike the Derrynaflan Hoard, a collection of ecclesiastical artefacts dating back to the same period, the Ardagh Chalice was not found on the site where it was created or kept. The Ardagh Chalice; Object Number: IA:1874.99, The Diocese of Limerick, Ancient and Medieval, The Ardagh Chalice at the National Museum of Ireland. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The decoration consists mainly of panels of fine gold and silver filigree applied to the otherwise plain body of the vessel. It was discovered in 1868, together with a small bronze cup and four brooches, in a potato field near the village of Ardagh in County Limerick, Ireland. It consists of the chalice, a much plainer stemmed cup in copper-alloy, and four brooches — three elaborate pseudo-penannular ones, and one a true pennanular brooch of the thistle type; this is the latest object in the hoard, and suggests it may have been deposited around 900 AD.[1]. Gallery One. But apart from the extraordinary perfection of execution of this elaborate decoration, what gives to the Ardagh Chalice its outstanding position in Irish metalwork is the strictness of the relationship between the simple swelling lines of the cup and its base and the arrangement of the glittering studs, bands, and roundels that adorn its surface. The chalice is composed of an alloy of silver, is seven inches high, nine and a half inches in diameter, the bowl being four inches deep. Q: How was the Ardagh Chalice found? The Ardagh Chalice is believed to date from the 8th Century and is one of the finest examples of Celtic metalwork ever to be discovered. It was discovered in the Limerick townland of Reerasta, near Ardagh, in late September 150 years ago. It has two handles and was probably used for the communion of the laity when the Eucharist was administered under the species of bread and wine. Ardagh Chalice Contributor Names Brennan, Alfred, 1853-1921, artist Created / Published [between 1870 and 1921] Subject Headings - Metalwork - Ireland Headings Drawings. With reference to the Hussite movement in the Kingdom of Bohemia, besides religious use, the chalice also became one of the unofficial national symbols of the Czechs. Ardagh Chalice The Ardagh Chalice is one of the best-known examples of Irish ecclesiastical metalwork. There was also a wooden cross from the Penal era : it bore the inscription "727", presumably short for "1727", and the goods may have been concealed c. 1740. Limerick, Ireland. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This cup, which combines classic beauty with the most exquisite examples of almost every variety of Celtic orna- mentation, is 7 inches high and 9.5 inches in diameter. The designer did not hesitate to reserve large areas from decoration, but where decoration is used it is sumptuous. The Ardagh Chalice was used for the wine that is turned into the Blood of Christ during the mass. Detail view of the Ardagh Chalice. It’s elevated by the priest at the moment of consecration. Limerick. "[3] The standard monograph is L.S. [2] The names of the apostles are incised in a frieze around the bowl, below a girdle bearing inset gold wirework panels of animals, birds, and geometric interlace. The Ardagh Chalice. It was used for dispensing Eucharistic wine during the celebration of Mass. It is likely that the Ardagh Chalice formed part of the treasury of some early Irish church or monastery, until it was disestablished and the cup was concealed for safekeeping. The chalice is what is known as a calyx ministerialis and was used to dispense Eucharistic wine to the congregation during the mass. The bulk of the decoration consists of exquisitely drawn spiral or interlace patterns, given depth by the soldering of two layers of gold thread one on top of the other. The outside of the bowl is engraved with the Latin names of some of the Apostles. The shape of the Chalice was influenced by Roman tableware. NOW 50% OFF! This ancient masterpiece was found at Reerasta, Ardagh, Co. Found in 1868 by 2 young local boys, Jim Quin and Paddy Flanagan, it is now on display in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin. It is part of a hoard of objects found in the 19th century by a young man digging for potatoes near Ardagh, Co. The Ardagh Chalice is one of the greatest treasures of the early Irish Church. Author Maurice Cotterell said he is positive that the Celtic cup known s the Ardagh Chalice (kept in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin) is the Holy Grail and outlined how it was buried with Joseph of Arimathaea and then discovered by King Arthur in the 5th century. The main body of the chalice is formed from two hemispheres of sheet silver joined with a rivet hidden by a gilt-bronze band. It consists of the chalice, a much plainer stemmed cup in copper-alloy, and four brooches — three elaborate pseudo-penannular ones, and one a true pennanular broochof the thistle type; this is the latest object in the hoard, and suggests it may have been deposited around 9… What is extraordinary, though, is the number of pieces that make up the chalice: more than 350. The chalice was featured on a £1 value definitive postage stamp issued by An Post between 1990 and 1995 as part of the series Irish Heritage and Treasures designed by Michael Craig. A two-handled chalice, called the "Ardagh Chalice" found near Limerick in 1868, is ornamented with work of this kind of extraordinary fineness. Brooches found with the Chalice was influenced by Roman tableware high school students,! 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