Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg, Asteraceae, is frequently misidentified or substituted with Hypochaeris radicata L., Asteraceae (false dandelion). Dandelion Factoids. terpenoids in the methanolic leaf and root extracts of Hypochaeris radicata , a most important traditional medicinal plant species in Nilgiris, the Western Ghats, India, using high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC). 0 Comments Catsear is an herbaceous perennial originally native to Morocco. The health benefits of dandelion for different ailments. Hypochaeris radicata. hypochoeris glabra is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). It is a very successful colonizing species that is now present on all continents except Antarctica. This study documents fifty four uses for thirty two medicinal plants as a result of interviews with nineteen Aboriginal Elders and reflects the community's relationship with the Land and their utilisation of the available resources. Leaves from a rosette at the base, with none or only a few cauline leaves. Description of the plant: Plant: Perennial. Flowers yellow. Conclusions. platylepis (Boissier) Jahandiez & Maire To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). There are several ways to identify a catsear correctly; for example, it … Using microsatellites, we investigated population structure and gene flow of the short‐lived, wind‐dispersed plant species Hypochaeris radicata in a fragmented agricultural landscape where more than 99% of the nutrient‐poor grasslands have disappeared over the last century. Flower colour; life form. The uses of these plants correlate well with the recorded uses by the Yaegl Community . Hypochaeris radicata, one such species needed in large quantity is severely exploited for its medicinal uses in high hills of Nilgiris, the Western Ghats, India. It possesses several medicinal properties like Medicinal herbs: Cat's Ear (Hypochoeris radicata) medicinal herbs Cat's Ear Hypochoeris radicata. The second false dandelion is better known and more wide-spread. The edible leaves and juice form of roots are suggested by the local healers of Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India for the treatment of inflammation and infectious diseases and for other health benefits. Except for some very rare species hawkbits, dandelions and catsears can be distinguished from the rest by the absents of leaves along the flowering stem. Medicinal use of plants has been incorporated by the people of all races and regions since time immemorial. Hypochaeris Radicata Also known as: Catsear, Flatweed, Hairy/Rough Cat's Ear. The pure compounds were screened for their urease and carbonic anhydrase inhibitory activities. To address this lacuna, the study was carried out to develop False Dandelions. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Hypochaeris radicata Catsears. The whole plant is said to be medicinally important by having antiinflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant [11] , antibacterial [12] , antifungal [13] and antidiuretic properties. The aim of this work was to elucidate the various secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, and terpenoids in the methanolic leaf and root extracts of Hypochaeris radicata , a most important traditional medicinal plant species in Nilgiris, the Western Ghats, India, using high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC). A common weed of developed land. Cat’s ear has similar medicinal properties as dandelion but it is not as bitter as dandelion which is to say not as potent medicinally. ... health building, medicinal plants out there? French: Hypochaeris radicata German: Gewöhnliche Ferkelkraut Italian: Cosci Vecchi In this video I talk about cat's ear, how you can tell it apart from dandelion and how it can be used as a wild edible: the roots, the leaves, the flower buds and the flowers. Unlike the previous “false dandelion” the radicata is an import from europe. The most common on the coast is not the true dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ), but flatweed or cat’s ear ( Hypochaeris radicata ). Dandelion is a perennial plant with bright green leaves to 30cm long. Herb to 80 cm tall, rootstock fleshy. Medicinal herbs; Natural herbs; Latin names; Common names; Herb: Cat's Ear Latin name: Hypochoeris radicata Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Cat's Ear: Pectoral. These compounds were isolated from Hypochaeris radicata L., an Asteraceae family member. Dandelion is one herb that almost everybody can identify. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) ericetorum: van Soest: Hypochaeris radicata subsp. Hypochoeris radicata. Hypochaeris radicata (H. radicata), belonging to the family Asteraceae, is an edible perennial herb, distributed in high hills of Nilgiris, the Western Ghats at 2 000 m above mean sea level. Hypochaeris radicata – Catsear. Cattail has a multitude of medicinal uses as well. Because of the strong resemblance to the true dandelion, Hypochaeris Radicata is the species most often referred to as the false dandelion, but still has similar nutritonal and medicinal qualities. Yellow dandelion-type flowers can be difficult to tell apart. Young leaves edible. Table 1: List of registered medicinal plants, therapeutic properties and methods of preparation. Further, no major scientific reports are available with respect to its bioactive compounds and therapeutic properties. It is native to South Africa and distributed in forest margins of Nilgirs, the Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu at 2000m above msl. Other names: Flatweed, Hypochoeris sp. Dandelion is one of the first plants to pop up in the spring. Hypochaeris radicata Taxonomy ID: 58656 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid58656) current name. Taraxacum officinale vs. Hypochaeris radicata. Hypochaeris radicata (sometimes spelled Hypochoeris radicata), also known as catsear, flatweed, cat's-ear, hairy cat's ear or false dandelion, is a perennial, low-lying edible herb often found in lawns.The plant is native to Europe, but has also been introduced to the Americas, Japan, Australia and New Zealand where it can be an invasive weed. Oh, the simple dandelion is oft-maligned as a noxious weed in many folks’ pristine lawns and gardens. Common name(s) Flatweed, Cats-ear. Heads terminal on long stems; flowers yellow, ray florets only. Discussion. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. 4. Scientific name: Hypochaeris radicata Abundance: common What: young leaves and shoots, roots How: raw or cooked, roots roasted for coffee Where: disturbed areas, yards, sunny fields When: winter/spring/fall Nutritional Value: minerals and antioxidants Medicinal Summary: Leaves/Root - sedative, muscle relaxant (tisane, tincture)Cluster of Cat's Ear plants (mowed). Floristic diversity. ABSTRACT. The Hypochoeris radicata (hye-poe-KÊ-ris rad-i-KAY-ta) is also called by several other names usually involving “cat’s ear” such as “Smooth Cat’s Ear” or “Spotted Cat’s Ear.” See pictures at right. Medicinal Rating: 3 (1-5) Physical Characteristics: Several different species in the daisy family are popularly referred to as dandelions, and all are quite similar in appearance. These plants grow abundantly on the pristine and lush green forest of Meghalaya, you can find the common herbs on our backyards itself, that’s the main reason the people of Meghalaya used plants to treat almost all ailments known to human race back then. This study has enabled us to identify 81 remarkable "heritage" species, that is to say rare and/or endemic divided into 78 genera (Table 1).The diversity of order 1 is increased, because in addition to the large number of species, the number of families is also []. Genus Hypochaeris can be annuals or herbaceous perennials forming a basal rosette of leaves, with lax cymes of dandelion-like yellow flowers in summer Details H. radicata is a rosette-forming perennial with hairy, oblong leaves with large, sinuate teeth, and bright yellow, dandelion-like flower heads 3-4cm wide on branched, leafless stems in summer and early autumn IN VITRO ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF LEAF AND ROOT EXTRACTS OF THE MEDICINAL PLANT, HYPOCHAERIS RADICATA L. It is not frost tender. It has amazing health benefits and, as long as you have a safe, toxin-free place to harvest, you can use it today! Catsear (hypochaeris radicata) is a perennial yellow wildflower, very similar in appearance to the dandelion and often mistaken for it – in fact, catsear’s other names include false dandelion. Prev Next Pause Resume. Hypochaeris radicata is a perennial herb, commonly called as ‘hairy cat’s-ear’. An ethnobotanical survey was undertaken to collect information from traditional healers on the use of medicinal plants in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu during October 2003 to April 2004. is study was carried out To increase our knowledge of T. officinale and differentiate it from H. radicata, we investigated the two species using a combination of taxonomy, microscopy, and chromatographic studies via fingerprint profiles. More Info About Hypochaeris Radicata - Wikipedia Back To: False Dandelions . Hypochaeris radicata In nature, Hypochaeris radicata , commonly called flatweed and hairy cat's-ear, is a flowering plant rosette hemicryptophyte species of the Hypochaeris genus , in the Hypochaeridinae subtribe of the Cichorieae tribe , in the Cichorioideae subfamily of the Asteraceae family (daisy family) of phyto-terrestrial plants in the Asterales order . Unlike the previous “false dandelion” the radicata is an import from Europe. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. Hypochaeris radicata commonly called as hairy cat’s-ear, is an edible, perennial herb belongs to the family Asteraceae. In vitro antibacterial activity of leaf and root extracts of Hypochaeris Radicata L. (Asteraceae)—a medicinal plant species inhabiting the high hills of Nilgiris, the Western Ghats Article Jan 2013 The root can be poulticed and used on cuts, wounds, scrapes, burns, stings, and bruises, as well as scabs, inflammations, and smallpox pustules. Hypochaeris radicata L. homotypic synonym: Hypochoeris radicata. It is in flower from June to October. But WAIT! Another species in this family that is commonly mistaken for a dandelion is Hypochaeris Sessiliflora , nicknamed ' … Hawkweed and … Name Authority; Achyrophorus radicata (Linnaeus) Scopoli: Hypochaeris radicata subsp. Hypochaeris radicata Name Synonyms Achyrophorus radicatus Scop. The indigenous knowledge of local traditional healers and the native plants used for medicinal purposes were collected through questionnaire and personal interviews during field trips. The ethyl acetate fractions were subjected to column chromatography, which resulted in the isolation and purification of four compounds (1-4). Introduced From: Europe and Asia Family: Asteraceae Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, wastland, pasture and cultivated land Uses: Leaves edible raw, roots can be roasted Season: All year References: Low (Weeds), Richardson and Shepherd. Distinguishing features. 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