Unlike eggplants, tomatoes and green peppers, their potato cousin needs cool soil to thrive. The Fabaceae family, commonly known as pulses, includes herbaceous plants, shrubs, trees, and vines. Updates? Aster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower family. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (), grown for its edible fruits.Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Eggplants come in various shapes and sizes. See more. Thoroughly mix the ground beef, onion, flour, garlic, cilantro and black pepper in a large bowl. The flowers are also edible and are sometimes fried. The plant is closely related to the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and the potato (S. tuberosum) as well as to several poisonous nightshades. Eggplant and potato flowers look very similar. Compositae. Upon my arrival in the UK, I was astounded to find that the Brits not only pronounce the names of some vegetables incorrectly (e.g. Another Sanskrit name that eggplant was given was ‘vatingan‘ which comes from its abilities to remove gas (=wind gone, or, more pointedly, fart … Members of the nightshade family suffer from similar pests. Another name for the color eggplant is aubergine (the French, German and British English word for eggplant).. Family name: SOLANACEAE: English name: Wild eggplant: Local name: Katuwel batu / Karabatu * Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Kantakari: Conservation status: Description: Small shrub, about 20-40 cm high; Prickles numerous, bright yellow. Broil 7 inches from the heat for 10 minutes or until the eggplant slices are golden brown on both sides, turning them over once halfway through broiling. Other plants in this family include tomatillos, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and potatoes (but not sweet potatoes). This quiz goes way beyond meat and potatoes to test your food familiarity. Molly Watson. We’ll sometimes also bring you Sicilian eggplants with streaked white and purple skin. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its edible fruits. Fruit Family List A-Z . Its deep purple color comes from its high anthocyanin content. A staple in cuisines of the Mediterranean region, eggplant figures prominently in such classic dishes as the Greek moussaka, the Italian eggplant parmigiana, and the Middle Eastern relish baba ghanoush. This Canadian wants to know. The more you know! Eggplant is usually grown as an annual and features an erect bushy stem that is sometimes armed with spines. The pendant violet flowers are characteristically solitary and approximately 5 cm (2 inches) across. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/eggplant, University of Illinois Extension - Eggplant. As with eggplants, green peppers need 2 feet between the rows. This family is present in regions that range from cold to tropical. Scientists use formal names to identify plant families. Eggplant is a dark purple or brownish-purple color that resembles the color of the outer skin of European eggplants. Granadilla? Of all the nightshades, eggplants require the most heat, while tomatoes and peppers wilt if the temperature rises above 90°F (32°C). The name “eggplant” developed in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada because the fruits of some eighteenth century European cultivars were yellow or white and resembled goose or hen’s eggs. Eggplant belongs to nightshade family of plants and is classified as a fruit. It helps that tobacco is in this family because I think of how smoking isn’t healthy. They are further classified by division, class, order, family, genus and species. A few examples: Swiss chard, beets, and spinach. Corrections? BONUS FACT: An eggplant is also called a guinea squash, an aubergine, a brinjal and a melongene. Zucchinis are common in home gardens and supermarkets, and the young fruits are cooked as a vegetable. It is also frequently served as a baked, grilled, fried, or boiled vegetable and is used as a garnish and in stews. "roll cutting") and stir-frying in big chunks.Use this type of eggplant in recipes for Szechuan eggplant in garlic sauce, pan-fried eggplant with miso, and Thai grilled eggplant. Have Success Planting Eggplant and Tomatoes Together. Place the eggplant slices onto a rack in a broiler pan. Garnished with yogurt sauce, pistachios, and mint, these vibrant veggie boats are packed with rich, summer-inspired flavor in … Zucchini plants are As an example, members of the Cucurbitaceae, among other shared characteristics, have deeply lobed or divided leaves, separate male and female flowers on each plant (termed "monoecious" plants) with five fused petals, similar fruit types and tendrils for climbing. As the shoots grow taller, mound more dirt and mulch around them. Familiar common names, such as daisies, marigolds, zinnias, gazanias, chrysanthemums, dandelions, thistles, ragweeds, sagebrush, cosmos and dahlias all belong to this family. Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Although named Japanese (or Chinese) eggplant, these longer and thinner eggplants aren't restricted to Japan or Japanese cuisine.Their slim shape makes them particularly good for cutting on the bias (a.k.a. next thing you know, they gonna stole your stereo or some shit! This is similarly the case with tomatoes and peppers, which are related to the eggplant as members of the nightshade family. With purple and white stripes and a miniature form, they are completely irresistible. The first recorded use of eggplant as a color name in English was in 1915.. Depending on the variety you plant, they can grow into large bushes, and some may need stakes. Eggplant definition, a plant, Solanum melongena esculentum, of the nightshade family, cultivated for its edible, dark-purple or occasionally white or yellow fruit. If you are like me, you need a good recipe to handle the absurd number of baby heirloom eggplants you buy during the summer months. Many people think of these fruits as vegetables because they're not as sweet and juicy as most fruits. The Chenopodiaceae family includes plants without petals that often grow in soil rich in salts or nitrates. Zucchini, (Cucurbita pepo), variety of summer squash in the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae), grown for its edible fruits. Could this be their desire to seem more "continental"? All plants belong to the Plante Kingdom. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Planting companion plants that repel pests is helpful in preventing damage to the plants. To bake a whole eggplant, first pierce the skin with a fork the way you would a baked potato. Eggplant is a … Eggplant (Solanum melongena) belongs to the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which includes several species of fruit. Tomatillo, tomato and pepper flowers look very similar. The weight of the tomatoes can pull the plants to the ground. Omissions? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Leaves deeply pinnately lobed, 6-10 cm long, 5-9 cm wide; petiole about half length of the length. The interior is light, creamy, and delicately sweet, reflecting the … The most economically important genus of the family [citation needed] is Solanum, which contains the potato (S. tuberosum, in fact, another common name of the family is the "potato family"), the tomato (S. lycopersicum), and the eggplant or aubergine (S. melongena). Plants in a family are genetically related, so they have similar characteristics. Rutabaga leaves are edible. Some varieties grow tall, and may need staking as they develop. The classic variety has a deep purple “eggplant” colored skin and an ovular shape. The Munda word for eggplant survives as echoes in the Sanskrit vrintaka. Carthamus. As a nightshade, eggplant is closely related to the tomato and potato. An emoji of a dick. If a type of eggplant has ever stopped you in your tracks at the farmers’ market, it’s probably this one. Most gardeners plant at least one of the nightshades in the spring. Common Name: Eggplant Scientific Name: Solanum melongena Family Name: Solanaceae: The eggplant is a warm season (frost intolerant) perennial that is grown as an annual and requires a longer growing season than its relatives tomato or pepper. The Fabaceae family. Family Matters: Eggplant, Tomatoes, Potatoes and Green Peppers. Your potatoes need hills of dirt and mulch from 2 to 3 feet apart. The size and shape of the fruit was similar to those of goose eggs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Compare aubergine. ADDucation’s fruit family list includes some fruits which are commonly believed to be vegetables (avocados, gourds and nightshades) and Rhubarb which is commonly believed to be a fruit but is a vegetable. They’re also susceptible to the same diseases and insects. Why do the British refer to their eggplant as an 'aubergine'? Our fruit family list shows the relationships between a wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names. In fact, they must have known that the tomato and the eggplant are both from the nightshade family, because the eggplant was known as ‘kanta vrintaka‘ while tomatoes were known as ‘rakta vrintaka‘ — presumably, spiny nightshade and blood nightshade respectively. The leaves are large, ovate, and slightly lobed. tomato) but they even use the wrong words for some. Continued. Many people think of these fruits as vegetables because they're not as sweet and juicy as most fruits. This is why potatoes grow well in northern states, like Maine and Idaho, as well as Canada. Originally of the white variety. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Rarebit? Although each of them is different, their structures and growing conditions are similar. The Solanaceae include a number of commonly collected or cultivated species. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). One familiar nightshade is tobacco (Nicotiana), while two tropical bushes that produce fragrant flowers, Datura and Brugmansia are also nightshades. The name "eggplant" was given to the fruit by Europeans sometime in the mid-18th century. The fruit is a large egg-shaped berry with a glossy surface that varies in colour from dark purple to red, pink, yellowish, or white and is sometimes striped; the colour and shape of the white variety is the source of the common name. These pests include the Colorado potato beetle, flea beetle, aphids, tomato hookworm, whiteflies, snails and slugs. Although eggplants, tomatoes, green peppers and potatoes are common nightshades, several flowers and other plants belong to this family, as well. Safflower: Carthamus tinctorius. While eggplants, tomatoes and green peppers grow from seeds, potatoes grow from ‘seed potatoes’, which are one-inch chunks of potato with a few eyes on them. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) belongs to the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which includes several species of fruit. Nightshades grow fast and tall, so your garden needs room for them. Whether you choose eggplants, tomatoes, green peppers, potatoes or all four, you’re sure to have baskets of fresh fruit during the summer. Eggplant, a member of the nightshade and Solanaceae plant family, is considered by researchers to be a part of a group of valuable crops due to their anthocyanin antioxidant compounds, which can be seen in its rich purple colors. Brush with the oil. Most tomato varieties need cages, trellises or stakes to keep them upright. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Especially, those sweet little Fairy Tale eggplants. All nightshades need full sun and frequent watering. On the other hand, eggplants, tomatoes and green peppers need temperatures from 70°F (21°C) to 85°F (29°C) to grow successfully. Heat the broiler. Eggplant (Solanum melongena), also known as aubergine or brinjal, is a cultivated crop with a mysterious but well-documented past.Eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae family, which includes its American cousins potatoes, tomatoes, and peppers). I buy a basket of the adorable veggies from every vendor who sells them at the farmers market. eggplant (n.) also egg-plant, plant cultivated for its large oblong or ovate fruit, which is highly esteemed as a vegetable, 1763, from egg (n.) + plant (n.). And that’s why they were given the name eggplant – the plant did look as it had fruits like eggs. If you’re out of inspiration for weeknight dinners, add this into the rotation and watch as you convert your eggplant-hating family members into die-hard converts. At the time, the eggplant was more white and yellow than today's purple-skinned fruit, leading to an even closer comparison of the eggplant to an egg. Rutabaga is a root vegetable, a cross between a cabbage and a turnip. hey don't you be-friends with eggplants ya hear me?! As knowledge of eggplant cultivation and use spread through southern Europe, the vegetable (technically it is a fruit in botanical terms) began to collect a rather compelling reputation as an aphrodisiac. 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