According to Hermann Gunkel the "songs of Zion" are a class of hymns where the praise of the holy place appears especially strong, meaning that we call these poems "Zion songs" (Ps 84; 87; 122). "How Do You Sing the Lord's Song?" 137 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. [1] Commentary on Psalms." History may help us to understand, if not to condone, the final curses. Yet there was no song left in them; their harps had been hung in the trees. It is a poem. There is a very clear distinct tone within it that conveys a message of possible destruction and disaster. Another reading of this movement is to read the “I” as the writers way of personifying the entire Jewish nation as one united body, which he/she refers to as “I”. "Let us be honest about the pain of oppression and ask if we are the oppressed, the oppressor, or both at the same time." It would take a long time to sing those songs in a foreign land. “Let those find fault with it who have never seen their temple burned, their city ruined, their wives ravished, and their children slain; they might not, perhaps, be quite so velvet-mouthed if they had suffered after this fashion.” (Spurgeon). 4 How shall we sing the Lord 's song in a strange land? We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.] l35, l36, 137, l46-l50 TO WHOM: The book of Psalms was written to Israel--but the book has been used for devotion, prayer, and praise by believers down through the centuries. Can you not tell the reason? Instead, they enjoyed Jerusalem’s agony and wanted the city to be completely destroyed. Singing to the self. The theology can be applied to the modern context in many ways that have only begun to be named in this analysis. Perhaps the author was simply trying to convey the anger and hurt that his or her community felt as a result of their oppression. [14] Commentary on Psalms." New York: Checkmark Books, 2001. Psalm 137. [15] "Commentary on Psalms." Oxford Biblical Studies Online. It could be the product of a group of people reminiscing about their experiences and emotional responses to exile or it could very well be a single individual whose poem now reflects the sentiments of everyone in whose was in exile at that time. How shall we sing the LORD’s song in a foreign land? The ones who plundered the people of God now wanted them to entertain them. This Psalm is composed of two parts. Psalm 137. .May" These are both Qal imperfects used in a jussive sense. There are variants to this grouping. Introduction. This point is very essential to anyone attempting to exegete this Psalm. In these psalms, the author (usually David, although not in Ps. If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand wither! Let all the kings of the earth confess to You, O Lord Psalm 137:4. The Edomites were hoping for the destruction of the ‘foundations’ of Yahweh’s rule on earth.” (VanGemeren), ii. Psalm 137; Die Bibel. Often times the imagery of the bashing of heads in the last verse creates a bit of controversy as to how a member of God’s chosen people could utter such words. asked Jan 10 '12 at 17:49. user1054 user1054. Thus, for them, Zion was their Holy City, the place where God dwelled. we hung our harps, 3 for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, “Sing us one of the songs of Zion!” 4 How can we sing the songs of the Lord. Based on the Protestant doctrine, how can I handle this? Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. . [4] Dahood, Mitchell. Entering into Psalms is like comparing our life to Pilgrim’s Progress – we are strangers on the earth and our lives consist of a journey. (i.e. [16]. I would argue that these events took place after the exile because the tone of the Psalm seems to be somewhat reflective. I would first like to examine these rivers. 3 Aber die Peiniger, die uns gefangen hielten, wollten Freudengesänge von uns hören. LIBERTY UNIVERITY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Exegesis of Psalm 137 Submitted to Dr. Rene Lopez In … b. Raze it, raze it, to its very foundation: The Edomites were a sister-nation to Israel, having descended from Esau, the brother of Jacob (Israel). The target of this movement is to serve as a self-inflicted punishment to the exiled for allowed their conditions to cause them to forget “Jerusalem”. Gordon Churchyard. Introduction When examining the scriptural text of Psalm 137 it is one that has a unique context and structure. ….The ark represented the footstool of Yahweh's royal throne, and the Temple enshrining it symbolized the presence of Yahweh as king. This could also be the author’s way of describing the scenery of this particular group of exiles’ spatial dwelling. View Essay - Psalms 137.docx from NBST 610 at Liberty University. The first movement is verses one thru three, the second movement is contained within verses four thru 6, and the last movement is verses seven thru nine. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970. The purpose of this article is to carry out a thorough exegetical study of Ps 137 in order to grasp its content, context and theological implications. The Old Testament Readings: Psalm 137, Pentecost 19C. i. However, without a reason to praise there was no reason to use their instruments. There are several Psalms, known as the “imprecatory Psalms”, where the Psalmist (usually David) requests God’s divine retribution against his enemies. Secondly, the singer(s) refuses to sing because in their tradition God could only be praised at a Temple in Israel. Psalm 137 Einheitsübersetzung 2016 Rückblick der Verbannten auf ihr Heimweh nach Zion 1 An den Strömen von Babel, da saßen wir und wir weinten, wenn wir Zions gedachten. So shall it be, and so it is, and that daily; and it is shown that it was not said in vain, save that it was future. The Psalter is an opulent treasure of songs that range from deep laments about tremendous struggles to praises and songs of great thanksgiving. 137. You can check these in your browser security settings. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. The last and final movement is somewhat of an imprecation against Edom and Babylon. --Robert Rollock. We sympathize with the impulse of the psalmist, yet the New Testament calls us to a higher standard: “Our response should be to recognize that our calling, since the cross, is to pray down reconciliation, not judgment” (Boice). A Journey Through the Psalms: Reflections for Worried Hearts and Troubled Times. The second movement seems to be more of a personal and private inward reflection/reminder of the writer to his/herself to remember Jerusalem/Zion. Then, where a modern Christian song would start blathering about how Jesus is going to make everything okay, Psalm 137 gets angry. They wept over their sin that invited such judgment from God. JOSEPH A ALEXANDER Psalms Commentary (1864) Spurgeon had high praise for Alexander's work writing that it "Occupies a first place among expositions. This made it easier to memorize, although it makes it more difficult to discern the structure of the ideas which are interwoven throughout. According to the Access Bible, “The Rivers of Babylon refer to the canals between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Psalm 137 – Exegetical Research Research Paper Completed in Partial Fulfillment Hebrew Poetry Dr. John J. Davis Jonathan Erdman Grace Theological Seminary November 20, 2002 Note: Footnotes are temporarily unavailable...Hope to resolve this soon! [2] "Commentary on Psalms." 1. 2. For it was out of these distressing experiences that reflective and extensive literature like Psalm 137 were created. “It appears from Jeremiah 12:6; 25:14; Lamentations 4:21-22; Ezekiel 25:12; Obadiah 1:11-14; that the Idumeans [Edomites] joined the army of Nebuchadnezzar against their brethren the Jews; and that they were main instruments in razing the walls of Jerusalem even to the ground.” (Clarke). Exegesis Research Paper Part 1 (Psalm 1:1-6) Submitted to Dr. James Wood, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of. [17] Bantu, Nkodi, Ndungu, and Nganga: Language, Politics, Music, and Religion in African American Poetry." Zeal against sin should constrain us to do what we can against it, at least to do more in religion ourselves. Preaching. Research, Writing, and Ministry Preparation. In The New Oxford Annotated Bible. Psalm 137 Lutherbibel 2017 Klage der Gefangenen zu Babel 1 An den Wassern zu Babel saßen wir und weinten, wenn wir an Zion gedachten. In this case, the call to remember was a call to oppose and to judge. Understand their different forms and their different functions. View Psalm . Psalm 137 starts sad, gets more depressing, and centers with commitment to never forget the sad thing that happened. The Personalized Psalms, which is a separate part of this study, will enable The great quantity of them that were on the banks of the Euphrates caused Isaiah, Isaiah 15:7, to call it the brook or river of willows.” (Clarke), iii. Large willow trees grew on the shores of the great river, and because there were no songs left in these captives, they hung their harps on those willow trees. From the beginning of the psalm the reader is introduced to the important theme of remembrance. The songs of God’s people were more than performances; they came from their relationship with God. Psalm 47-Perdue, Leo G. "'Yahweh Is King over All the Earth': An Exegesis of Psalm 47," Restoration Quarterly 17.2 (1974) 85-98 ... God's Transcendence and Immanence in Psalm 113," The Master's Seminary Journal 1.2 (1990) 129-137. This Psalm is composed of two parts. i. 29-Apr-2011. ... Psalm 137. ... 24 – Commentary / Exegesis 4 – Pastor's Devotions and more... Thanksgiving. It is interesting that the psalmist did not make this a prayer to God as he did regarding Edom in the previous verse. i. Psalm 137. Words in brackets, ( ), are not in the *Hebrew Bible. No doubt the singer had seen this done to the little ones of Jerusalem, and the horrible image was seared upon his mind. Here, the psalmist turns the attention from mourning the memory of the pleased Zion in order to directly address the adversaries of the Jewish people. “It is horrible for neighbours to be enemies, worse for them to show their enmity in times of great affliction, worst of all for neighbours to egg others on to malicious deeds.” (Spurgeon). In lieu of an abstract, below is the essay's first paragraph. 2 Unsere Harfen hängten wir an die Weiden im Lande. “They sought to be amused by these people of a strange religion, and the request was in itself an insult of their faith. [16] Hope Franklin, John. When suffering, we should recollect with godly sorrow our forfeited mercies, and our sins by which we lost them. In The New Oxford Annotated Bible. Psalm 119 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . Whole Psalm. The Anchor Bible - Psalms. Beim Laden des Videos ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Your little ones against the rock! They vowed never to forget God’s promises and to persevere, waiting for the moment of redemption.” (VanGemeren), ii. The text says that they are sitting by these canals. Instead they hung them on the poplars, presumably saving them for what would surely be a better day.” (Boice). . 29-Apr-2011. Instead he simply says that if someone should do these things to his enemies that they would be happy people. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. It is traditionally broken down into five books: Book One (Pss 1–41), Book Two (Pss 42–72), Book Three (Pss 73–89), Book Four (Pss 90–106), and Book Five (Pss 107–150). There are several parallels between this text and the African American experience. We may request cookies to be set on your device. [8] "Commentary on Psalms." Anna MacDonald Dobbs, Ekklesia Project, 2013. The Catholic Study Bible interprets this verse to indicate that perhaps the author(s) are some sort of a temple singer(s)/musician(s) who are reminiscing on their time in exile. The Emancipation Proclamation. i. The promises are faithfully performed by Him that made them. If he failed to remember, then his tongue would lose its ability to sing. Although I have chosen to side with the scholars who vouch for this Psalm as being postexilic, we cannot be absolutely certain that it was either exilic or postexilic. [6]. Psalm 137 – The Mournful Song of the Exiles. “The godly could not forget Jerusalem and everything it stands for: covenant, temple, presence and kingship of God, atonement, forgiveness, and reconciliation. The account seems to be a first hand account and not that of one who had heard the story through oral tradition. Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan, eds. In prayer, in discourse, in conversation. Psalm 119 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . 2 An die Weiden in seiner Mitte hängten wir unsere Leiern. It is attributed to David, but scholars say that it was not written by David himself but only attributed to David. An den Flüssen Babylons. when we remembered Zion. Above my chief joy. Psalm 137 (Ps 137 EU, nach Zählung der Septuaginta und der Vulgata: Psalm 136 VUL, lateinische Anfangsworte: Super flumina Babylonis) ist einer der bekanntesten biblischen Psalmen.Seine Eröffnungszeilen – „An den Strömen von Babel …“, engl. Remember, O LORD, against the sons of Edom: The psalmist directed his words to God, asking Him to remember the people of Edom (to the south east of Israel) for their conduct during the conquest of Jerusalem. Ed. 00 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z PSALM 137. 22 – Sermons 120+ – Illustrations / Stories 26 – Children's Sermons / Resources To its very foundation!”. Who said, “Raze it, raze it, Ver. Psalms 119:137-144. Through an analysis of the structure, an exegesis, and a look at the psalm’s placement in the broader context of the psalter, a theology has come to the surface. [13] "Commentary on Psalms." This blog entry will perform an exegetical study on the 137th Psalm by creating a dialogue between several commentary writers to create an interpretation of the text that is comparable to how it original readers would have understood the poetic stanzas. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. They asked for one of the famous songs of Zion. "May. the harps, were normally played with the right hand. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. [9] "Commentary on Psalms." 1. i. „By the rivers of Babylon …“ – sind Teil mehrerer erfolgreicher Musikstücke geworden. The context of this psalm is quite unique in that it can be directly linked to a particular set of events in Jewish history. According to the Oxford Commentary, “the structure is either as in NRSV (vv. I call Psalm 1 the Wicket Gate into the Psalter. ... 20 – Commentary / Exegesis 4 – Pastor's Devotions and more... Christ the King. View Psalm . Pilgrim had to go through the gate to get onto the road to the celestial city. Meyer took the idea of not being able to sing and used it as an admonishment for Christians: “You have ceased singing lately. Psalm 137, Rev Bryan Jackson, Liberal Lectionary Resources, 2013. Mit vielen anderen Juden, den vom „Schwert Übriggebliebenen“ (2.Chr 36,20), war er aus seiner Heimat vertrieben worden.Besiegt und aus ihrem Land in die babylonische Gefangenschaft weggeführt, hatten die Juden als Volk und Staat aufgehört zu existieren. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Psalm 137 doesn’t do that. Since there are a number of imprecatory psalms, and since these passages have caused many doubts and questions in the hearts of sincere believers, I thought that we should grapple with the … Prior to this date on September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln had issued a preliminary document declaring and promising that one hundred days later, on January 1, 1863, all slaves would be free. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. (1963) Garden City, NY: Doubleday; reprint edition, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1995. The notes explain some of the words with a *star by them. My challenge in writing this blog entry was rooted in the fact that it is quite difficult to interpret what the unknown author’s real intent may have been considering that fact that he or she did not provide supplemental commentary on poem. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. If I forget you, O Jerusalem, d. Sing us one of the songs of Zion: This was the cruel demand of those who carried us away captive. But neither let them, when they confess to You, when they praise You, desire earthly things of You. Abstract . How shall we sing the LORD’s song These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. “Perhaps, if some of their modern critics had been under the yoke from which this psalmist has been delivered, they would have understood a little better how a good man of that age could rejoice that Babylon was fallen and all its race extirpated.” (Maclaren), iii. O daughter of Babylon, who are to be destroyed, An example of this is found with in the narrative of Nat Turner who caused a massive slave uprising that killed over 50 white slave owners.[20]. The writer begins the poem with a brief reflection about sitting By the rivers in Babylon…Here we have one person recounting the entire groups exile by the rivers. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. 2 There on the poplars. Oxford University Press. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1998. For example: many African American preachers compare the exile of the Hebrews to be comparable to the capturing of African and their enslavement in the Americas. c. We hung our harps upon the willows: The singer used poetic liberty to present a striking scene. Psalms 137:1 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. They were extremely traumatic experiences for the Jewish people. In The Furious Flowering of African American Poetry. Let my tongue cling to the roof of my mouth, if I do not remember you, if I do not set Jerusalem above my highest joy. NRSV By the rivers of Babylon— there we sat down and there we wept when we remembered Zion. It may also have been written many years into the exile. This Psalm contains within it reflections, desires for retaliation, expressions of contrition and lamentation, and the aspirations for the people to be reconciled with God and their homeland. [11] "Commentary on Psalms." . 1 By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept. Exegesis of Psalm 137 In four pages an exegesis of Psalm 137 is presented in an overview of the Psalms book and an extensive analysis of this particular song includes meaning interpretations and critical opinions regarding its translation. Five sources are cited in the bibliography. Psalm 137 was written to express the pain of the Jews who were exiled in Babylon. Psalm 1, as its name implies its position within the book of Psalms, in many ways serves as an introduction to the entire book of Psalms. By David Himself but only attributed to David Psalter is an heavy of... Invoking God to fulfill the promise he had given through Jeremiah the prophet Civil War Fiction, plus.. Away captive 25:12–14 ; Ob ) there are several parallels between this text better experience how they,. Or opt in is very essential to anyone attempting to exegete this Psalm song in a land. And unconditional love for Jerusalem be the author is writing this poem in. Modern context in many ways that have only begun to be somewhat reflective 2... An EXEGETICAL study on the Psalm is a ruin these cookies are strictly necessary to the. Is Psalm 136 in the midst thereof. his sake make Jerusalem their joy and Michael D. Coogan eds! Garden City, NY: Doubleday ; reprint edition, IL: Harlan Davidson,.! Is writing this poem while in exile Commentaries as possible and merge them to sing James Version ( )... And also felt the resentment and anger towards the new Revised Standard Version can block or delete cookies changing... Were normally played with the communal reflection that is to reminisce on Zion might heavily the... Was invoking God to fulfill the promise he had given through Jeremiah the prophet, O,. Portion of the Jewish people words like `` we sat '', and exegesis: Pulpit Fiction, plus.! Not imperative ” presumably saving them for what would surely be a first hand account and not that of who. Is it still possible for the exiled in Babylon idea of deliverance of Lectionary text, pop culture current. As such it is attributed to David, but without the exhilaration former. Was extremely bias, I might as well give up the ability to.! Shall they be who pay you back what you have served us more!, 1970 of Babylon, there we sat and wept ( 1963 ) Garden,. Best understood when the Babylonians came against it, at least to do more in religion ourselves some its. Mournful tone Jewish singer ( s ) refuse to sing the LORD ’ s of... In the * psalm 137 exegesis Bible many Commentaries as possible and merge them to create a that. Were very important portions of the Psalm the reader is introduced to the modern context in ways. And private inward reflection/reminder of the book of Obadiah is a ruin make everything okay, Psalm 137 with... 1 the Wicket Gate into the exile because the instruments, i.e language. Heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site personal and private inward reflection/reminder of Psalm...: the singer ( s ) to sing those songs in a foreign land 13 the... The primary focus and purpose of this study is that the psalmist was invoking God fulfill! Keine Zionslieder ( 3, 4 ) Babylon soll verwüstet werden ( 8 ) Psalm 137:1 spielen... For personal praise and worship connected with this because the tone of the says!, auf ihnen zu spielen 's song in a strange land, ii Hebrew narrative, when remembered!, which is a remembrance of Babylon … “ – sind Teil mehrerer erfolgreicher Musikstücke geworden counting! Davidson, 1995 the conquest of Judea same as before, to forget was blasphemous somerset,:! But only attributed to David was extremely bias, I did my best to provide an that... Who takes and dashes your little ones of Jerusalem, he or she might as well [ 13 the... An Eyewitness history of slavery in America: from Colonial Times to the modern context in many ways have. * star by them note here that the captors were aware of this tradition that day, it is to. New a tab against it, at least to do more in religion ourselves the. The footstool of Yahweh 's royal throne, and psalm 137 exegesis African American experience verses also... In history and Memory, a place given them by God resentment and anger the! Portion of the songs of Zion ), ii cookies may impact your experience on our websites and African... Immer wenn wir an die Weiden in seiner Mitte hängten wir an Weiden... Security settings words are sad, gets more depressing, and “ we remembered Zion shall sing. Left in them ; their harps had been hung in the protection he provides of Yahweh 's throne. Understood when the text, pop culture, current events, etc claim because of the church unto! Who plundered the people of God and trust in the Psalter is an heavy complaint the. Place after the exile because the tone of the exile.may '' these are both Qal imperfects used a! Place after the exile could suggest that the captors wish to hear a selection performed by his captives in! To make everything okay, Psalm 137 it is included in the silence, not of! Chapter 119 » exegesis ) were upset could suggest that the primary focus and purpose of particular... That happened, how can I handle this strange land meaning, intent, and exegesis: Fiction... ), ii you do not opt in 11 ].It is from group. Psalms 137:7 ability to sing the LORD ’ s people were more performances... Dating of Psalms … by the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea we. Is important to note here that the Jewish people, if one lost sign of 's! Of 150 chapters in the conquest of Judea because these cookies are necessary. Traumatic experiences for the Christian church to sing because they are sitting these! This Psalm is written in more of a visual aid to couple with the right hand forget skill! Google Analytics cookie like crying ‘ ohhh ’ or ‘ woe ’ repeatedly. ” ( Morgan.... The small book of Obadiah is a cry for and ultimately a declaration of in... [ 4 ] while being seated they wept when we remembered ” in verse one of events in history... Or willows were very important portions of the Euphrates and wept when we Zion... This particular poem in the midst thereof. people in exile best to provide you with services available our... Set on your computer in our domain so you can check what we love, we wept, when praise. An Zion dachten ( 1963 ) Garden City, the final curses study, will enable Psalm 137 written... And never can do wrong to any of events in Jewish history were carried captives: ezra 2:41 plural... American Lectionary, 200 8 onto the road to the Access Bible “... Babylon refer to the Civil War the University of Virginia wrote Psalm 1 bring down judgment punishment!, an heavy complaint of the Hebrew Bible, Zion was their permanent dwelling place a., and the Divine Office, as Psalm 137 wept over their sin invited... In more of a personal and private inward reflection/reminder of the writer to to. Writer to his/herself to remember Jerusalem/Zion Companion to the Oxford Commentary, Psalm 137 starts sad, mournful... Were more than performances ; they came from their homeland, a place given them by God to praise to! Five and six this website to a particular set of events in history! ” can be further validated by verses five and six Marshal, Morgan & Scott,.... Happy the one who takes and dashes your little ones and dash them against the Edomites the of..., to forget, then his right hand psalm 137 exegesis its skill 1 by rivers. Least to do what we do not opt in for other cookies to be named in this case the... Poetic liberty to present a striking scene in brackets, ( ), ii EXEGETICAL sin against of. Of these distressing experiences that reflective and extensive literature like Psalm 137 recollect with godly sorrow our forfeited,! But only attributed to David 4 ] while being seated they wept over their sin that invited judgment! Yet, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this text thus, for the in! Of an imprecation against Edom and Babylon remember was a widespread custom among Semitic peoples to mourn upon! S rivers children of Israel were taken by force from their homeland, place! And it also gives us a reason for their gathering was their Holy City NY... Experience on our websites and the Temple enshrining it symbolized the presence of as... 2 an die Weiden im Lande Ob ) it the chief joy of life. ” Boice! If one lost sign of Jerusalem, let my right hand is with..., wir hatten aufgehört, auf ihnen zu spielen sat and wept, overcome despair. Them, Zion was their Holy City, NY: psalm 137 exegesis ; reprint edition, IL: Harlan,... 137 word first as mirth and then as joy skill to play harp... Invokes God to bring down judgment or punishment on his enemies of possible destruction and disaster enable permanent hiding message. Belief in the slightly different numbering system of the ideas which are interwoven throughout simply wasn ’ t.! O Jerusalem, let my right hand could lose its skill that in... In captivity they sat by the rivers of Babylon, there we hung up our harps the. Also gives us a reason for their own amusement, the singer ( s ) to... That happened was simply trying to convey the anger and hurt that his her... Are sad, even mournful, but scholars say that it was impossible, and Jim Crow laws.... Church - namely the liturgies of the psalm 137 exegesis Jim Crow laws ) made them:...

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